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Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics. Automotive service technicians and mechanics, often called service technicians or service techs , inspect, maintain, and constanze schulze dissertation, repair cars and light trucks. Most automotive service technicians and mechanics work in well-ventilated and well-lit repair shops. Thesis! Although technicians often identify and fix automotive problems with computers, they commonly work with greasy parts and tools, sometimes in uncomfortable positions. How to Become an Automotive Service Technician or Mechanic. Employers prefer that automotive service technicians and mechanics complete a formal education program at a postsecondary institution. Industry certification is usually required once the person is employed. The median annual wage for automotive service technicians and mechanics was $38,470 in May 2016.

Employment of automotive service technicians and constanze schulze dissertation, mechanics is and effect essay world projected to grow 5 percent from 2014 to 2024, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Job opportunities for qualified jobseekers should be good. Explore resources for employment and wages by state and area for automotive service technicians and mechanics. Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of automotive service technicians and constanze schulze dissertation, mechanics with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to O*NET. Learn more about automotive service technicians and mechanics by visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of you write a cover letter resume workers and occupations. What Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics Do About this section. Automotive service technicians and constanze schulze, mechanics, often called service technicians or service techs , inspect, maintain, and repair cars and light trucks. Automotive service technicians and mechanics typically do the following: Identify problems, often by using computerized diagnostic equipment Plan work procedures, using charts, technical manuals, and experience Test parts and systems to ensure that they work properly Follow checklists to ensure that all critical parts are examined Perform basic care and wireless network, maintenance, including changing oil, checking fluid levels, and rotating tires Repair or replace worn parts, such as brake pads, wheel bearings, and sensors Perform repairs to manufacturer and customer specifications Explain automotive problems and repairs to clients. Although service technicians work on traditional mechanical systems, such as engines, transmissions, and drivebelts, they must also be familiar with a growing number of constanze schulze electronic systems.

Braking, transmission, and steering systems, for example, are controlled primarily by computers and how do letter for a, electronic components. Other integrated electronic systems, such as accident-avoidance sensors, are becoming common as well. In addition, a growing number of technicians are required to work on vehicles that consume alternative fuels, such as ethanol and electricity. Service technicians use many different tools, including computerized diagnostic tools and power tools such as pneumatic wrenches, lathes, welding torches, and constanze schulze, jacks and network, hoists. These tools usually are owned by their employers.

Service technicians also use many common hand tools, such as wrenches, pliers, and sockets and ratchets. Service technicians generally own these tools themselves. In fact, experienced workers often have thousands of dissertation dollars invested in their personal tool collection. For example, some invest in their own set of pneumatic tools—such as impact wrenches—powered by compressed air. The following are examples of types of service technicians: Automotive air-conditioning technicians install and repair air-conditioners and your essay, parts, such as compressors, condensers, and controls. These workers must be trained and certified in handling refrigerants. Brake technicians diagnose brake system problems, adjust brakes, replace brake rotors and pads, and make other repairs on brake systems. Some technicians specialize in both brake and front-end work. Constanze! (See “Front-end technicians.”) Drivability technicians , also known as diagnostic technicians , use their extensive knowledge of engine management and fuel, electrical, ignition, and emissions systems to diagnose issues that prevent engines from performing efficiently. American Century Atwan! They often use the constanze schulze onboard diagnostic system of a car and electronic testing equipment such as scan tools and multimeters to find the malfunction.

Front-end technicians diagnose ride, handling, and tire wear problems. Letter For A! To correct these problems, they frequently use special alignment equipment and wheel-balancing machines. Transmission technicians and rebuilders work on gear trains, couplings, hydraulic pumps, and other parts of transmissions. An extensive knowledge of computer controls and the ability to diagnose electrical and hydraulic problems are needed to work on these complex components. For information about technicians who work on large trucks and buses, see the profile on diesel service technicians and mechanics . For information about technicians who work on farm equipment, construction vehicles, and railcars, see the profile on heavy vehicle and dissertation, mobile equipment service technicians . Describe Your Meal! For information about technicians who repair and service motorcycles, motorboats, and small all-terrain vehicles, see the schulze profile on small engine mechanics . Work Environment About this section. Automotive service technicians and mechanics held about 739,900 jobs in best essays atwan, 2014.

The largest employers of automotive service technicians and mechanics were as follows: About 1 in 10 automotive service technicians and mechanics were self-employed in 2014. Schulze Dissertation! Service technicians stand for most of the day, and they typically work in well-ventilated and well-lit repair shops. Although technicians often identify and fix automotive problems with computers, they commonly work with greasy parts and tools, sometimes in uncomfortable positions. Most service technicians work full time, and many work evenings or weekends. University! Overtime is common. Automotive service technicians and mechanics have one of the highest rates of injuries and illnesses of all occupations.

Service technicians must frequently work with heavy parts and tools. As a result, workplace injuries, such as small cuts, sprains, and bruises, are common. How to Become an Automotive Service Technician or Mechanic About this section. Employers prefer that automotive service technicians and mechanics complete a formal training program at a postsecondary institution. Industry certification is schulze usually required once the person is employed. Wireless Sensor Security! High school courses in automotive repair, electronics, computers, and mathematics provide a good background for prospective service technicians. However, high school graduates typically need further training to become fully qualified. Completing a vocational or other postsecondary education program in automotive service technology is considered the best preparation for entry-level positions. Programs usually last 6 months to a year and provide intensive career preparation through classroom instruction and schulze dissertation, hands-on practice. Short-term certificate programs in a particular subject, such as brake maintenance or engine performance, are also available.

Some service technicians get an associate’s degree.Courses usually include mathematics, electronics, and automotive repair. Some programs add classes in customer service and other necessary skills. Various automobile manufacturers and university, dealers sponsor associate’s degree programs. Dissertation! Students in these programs typically spend alternating periods attending classes full time and working full time in and effect world war 2, service shops under the guidance of an experienced technician. Service technicians who have graduated from postsecondary programs in automotive service technology generally require little on-the-job training. Those who have not completed postsecondary education, however, generally start as trainee technicians, technicians’ helpers, or lubrication workers. They gradually acquire more knowledge and experience by working with experienced mechanics and technicians. Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires all technicians who buy or work with refrigerants to be certified in proper refrigerant handling. No formal test preparation is required, but many trade schools, unions, and employer associations offer training programs designed for the EPA exam.

Certification from the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) is the dissertation standard credential for service technicians. Certification demonstrates competence and usually brings higher pay. Many employers require their service technicians to become certified. Cause World! ASE certification is available in nine different automobile specialty areas: automatic transmission/transaxle, brakes, light vehicle diesel engines, electrical/electronic systems, engine performance, engine repair, heating and air-conditioning, manual drive train and axles, and suspension and constanze schulze, steering. To become certified, technicians must have at least 2 years of experience (or relevant schooling and 1 year of describe your favorite essay experience) and pass an exam. Technicians who achieve certification in all of the foregoing areas (light vehicle diesel engine certification is not required) may earn ASE Master Technician status. Customer-service skills . Service technicians must discuss automotive problems—along with options to fix them—with their customers. Because workers may depend on schulze, repeat clients for business, they must be courteous, good listeners, and ready to answer customers’ questions. Detail oriented . Service technicians must be aware of small details when inspecting or repairing vehicle systems, because mechanical and electronic malfunctions are often due to misalignments or other easy-to-miss causes.

Dexterity . Sensor Network Security! Service technicians perform many tasks that require steady hands and good hand-eye coordination, such as assembling or attaching components and constanze schulze, subassemblies. Mechanical skills . Best American Essays Century Atwan! Service technicians must be familiar with engine components and systems and know how they interact with each other. They often must take apart major parts for repairs and constanze schulze dissertation, be able to put them back together properly. Organizational skills. Service technicians must keep workspaces clean and organized in order to maintain safety and ensure accountability of parts. Physical strength. Service technicians must sometimes lift and maneuver heavy parts such as engines and and effect world war 2, body panels. Dissertation! Troubleshooting skills . Service technicians must be able to use diagnostic equipment on cause and effect world, engine systems and components in order to identify and schulze dissertation, fix problems in increasingly complicated mechanical and electronic systems. They must be familiar with electronic control systems and the appropriate tools needed to fix and and effect, maintain them.

Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics. Median annual wages, May 2016. Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers. Constanze Schulze! Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics. The median annual wage for automotive service technicians and mechanics was $38,470 in May 2016. The median wage is the wage at wireless sensor network thesis, which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.

The lowest 10 percent earned less than $21,470, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $64,070. Schulze Dissertation! In May 2016, the median annual wages for automotive service technicians and favorite, mechanics in the top industries in which they worked were as follows: Many experienced technicians working for automobile dealers and independent repair shops receive a commission related to the labor cost charged to constanze schulze dissertation the customer. Under this system, which is commonly known as “flat rate” or “flag rate,” weekly earnings depend on the amount of work completed. Some repair shops may pay technicians on an hourly basis instead. Most service technicians work full time, and many work evenings or weekends. Overtime is common.

Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics. Percent change in employment, projected 2014-24. A Cover For A! Total, all occupations. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Schulze! Employment of automotive service technicians and university, mechanics is projected to grow 5 percent from 2014 to schulze dissertation 2024, about as fast as the average for all occupations. The number of vehicles in use continues to essay rise, and more entry-level service technicians will be needed to perform basic maintenance and repair, such as replacing brake pads and dissertation, changing oil. New technologies, however, such as electric vehicles, may limit future demand for automotive service technicians and mechanics because they will be more reliable and thus require less maintenance and repair. With some employers reporting difficulty finding workers with the right skills and education, job opportunities for qualified applicants should be very good, whether they obtained their knowledge through education or experience. Of these workers, those who have completed formal postsecondary training programs or achieved ASE certification should enjoy the best job prospects. Those without formal automotive training or certification are likely to sensor network thesis face strong competition for entry-level jobs. Many job openings will be in automobile dealerships and independent repair shops, where most service technicians currently work. SOURCE: U.S.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Automotive service technicians and mechanics. State Area Data About this section. Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over 800 occupations. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for constanze dissertation, individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The link(s) below go to OES data maps for employment and wages by state and statement would be included in an analytical, area. Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by constanze schulze dissertation, Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices.

All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved. America’s Career InfoNet includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by state and describe favorite meal essay, metro area. Constanze! There are links in the left-hand side menu to compare occupational employment by state and which thesis be included essay, occupational wages by schulze, local area or metro area. There is also a salary info tool to search for wages by zip code. Similar Occupations About this section.

This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of and effect world war 2 automotive service technicians and constanze dissertation, mechanics. Automotive Body and Glass Repairers. Automotive body and glass repairers restore, refinish, and replace vehicle bodies and frames, windshields, and university, window glass. Constanze Dissertation! Diesel Service Technicians and Mechanics. Diesel service technicians and mechanics inspect, repair, and overhaul buses and trucks, or maintain and cause, repair any type of diesel engine. Heavy Vehicle and schulze dissertation, Mobile Equipment Service Technicians. Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians inspect, maintain, and repair vehicles and machinery used in construction, farming, rail transportation, and other industries. Sensor Network Thesis! Small engine mechanics inspect, service, and repair motorized power equipment. Constanze Dissertation! Mechanics often specialize in one type of equipment, such as motorcycles, motorboats, or outdoor power equipment.

Contacts for More Information About this section. For more details about thesis, work opportunities, contact local automobile dealers and repair shops or local offices of the state employment service. The state employment service also may have information about training programs. For information about careers, education, and schulze dissertation, training programs, visit. For information about thesis statement in an analytical, certification, visit.

For a career video on automotive service technicians and constanze dissertation, mechanics, visit. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition , Automotive Service Technicians and and effect essay war 2, Mechanics, Publish Date: Thursday, December 17, 2015. Schulze Dissertation! The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and which thesis would be included in an analytical essay, responsibilities of workers in the occupation, including what tools and constanze schulze, equipment they use and how closely they are supervised. This tab also covers different types of occupational specialties. Network Security! The Work Environment tab includes the number of constanze schulze jobs held in the occupation and describes the workplace, the level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked. It may also discuss the major industries that employed the occupation. Statement Analytical! This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of injury that workers may face. The How to Become One tab describes how to prepare for schulze, a job in thesis would in an, the occupation. This tab can include information on constanze schulze, education, training, work experience, licensing and your favorite, certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for entering or working in the occupation.

The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in constanze schulze, the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses. Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and geographic area. This tab may also provide information on describe favorite essay, earnings in the major industries employing the occupation. The State and Area Data tab provides links to state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and occupational information from the dissertation Department of Labor's CareerOneStop. You Write A Cover Resume! The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the number of job seekers and the number of job openings. The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the dissertation occupation covered in the profile. The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on the occupation. This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the thesis would Occupational Information Network (O*NET). The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and schulze dissertation, half earned less.

Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the median annual wage for all workers was $37,040. Additional training needed (postemployment) to university attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Typical level of education that most workers need to dissertation enter this occupation. Work experience in a related occupation. Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for university, more formal types of training or education. Constanze! The employment, or size, of this occupation in 2014, which is the base year of the 2014-24 employment projections. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024.

The average growth rate for all occupations is 7 percent. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to and effect world 2024. Typical level of constanze dissertation education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Thesis Statement Be Included Essay! Employment Change, projected 2014-24. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024.

The percent change of employment for each occupation from 2014 to 2024. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the constanze schulze dissertation BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey.

In May 2016, the you write letter median annual wage for all workers was $37,040.

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Kerja Amal Moral Folio Tingkatan 4 Essays and constanze dissertation, Research Papers. KERJA KURSUS PENDIDIKAN MORAL OBJEKTIF PENILAIAN KERJA KURSUS Objektif Penilaian Kerja Kursus . Pendidikan Moral adalah untuk menilai kebolehan calon: 1. Sensor Network? mengetahui, memahami dan menghayati nilai-nilai untuk berakhlak mulia 2. menggunakan pemikiran yang matang berasaskan nilai moral 3. berkomunikasi berasaskan nilai moral 4 . membuat keputusan dengan berasaskan nilai moral 5. menyelesaikan masalah berasaskan nilai moral 6. menghayati keharmonian antara manusia. 658 Words | 5 Pages. Vacancies/JAWATAN KOSONG Telemarketing Consultants for constanze schulze, calling Bank Campaigns/Insurance amp; Telecommunications. FAEDAH UTAMA - Gaji Basic Rm1500- . Rm3500 (diberi berdasarkan pengalaman) - Komisyen Incentive - Rm3000 keatas sebulan - Waktu kerja Isnin %u2013 Jumaat (9.30am %u2013 6.30pm) - Sabtu berselang 2kali dalam sebulan (10am %u2013 4pm) - Cuti Umum / Public Holiday ikut Calender - KWSP/Socso/Medical Benefit/Overtime - Elaun Kedatangan Rm200 - Insentive tambahan Rm150 untuk Elaun. Academic degree , Bachelor's degree , Kuala Lumpur 759 Words | 6 Pages. MPW2153 PENDIDIKAN MORAL BAB 4 : STRATEGI PENYELESAIAN MASALAH BAB 4 KONFLIK MORAL DAN . PENYELESAIAN Oleh : Nor Azlili, Nadhirah, Muthualagan, Syuja MAKSUD KONFLIK atau PERTIKAIAN Ialah sesuatu permasalahan yang timbul akibat daripada pertembungan dua perkara atau lebih. Ini berbeza dengan masalah kerana konflik akan melibatkan jalan penyelesaian yang harus memilih di antara satu yang terbaik. Network? Konflik boleh muncul dalam pelbagai bentuk seperti konflik yang melibatkan soal kehendak atau matlamat.

1520 Words | 6 Pages. MORALS Morals http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/kant-hume-morality/ Growing up I always was told to tell the dissertation, truth, treat . Your Meal Essay? everyone how you would want to be treated and not to lie, cheat, or steal because these are morals I should live by. The definition of morals is a principle or habit with respect to right or wrong conduct. What is right and wrong, and who decides these rights and wrongs? I will go back and explore Kant and Locke to hopefully answer my questions. • The values people. Aesthetics , Deontological ethics , Ethics 2759 Words | 7 Pages. PENGARUH FAKTOR - FAKTOR MOTIVATION TERHADAP PRESTASI KERJA KARYAWAN PADA PERUSAHAAN WAJIK KLETIK DIBUNGKUS KLOBOT BLITAR Oleh: . Kusumawati, Arie Email: library@lib.unair.ac.id; library@unair.ac.id Undergraduate Theses Airlangga University Dibuat: 2006-02-06 ABSTRAKSI Manusia sebagai salah satu sumber daya dalam perusahaan mempunyai peranan sangat penting dibandingkan dengan sumber daya lainnya, karena manusia merupakan faktor penggerak dari seluruh kegiatan perusahaan. Perusahaan. 1083 Words | 4 Pages.

Assignment 2 Examine the schulze dissertation, moral values in Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and american atwan, Confucianism which has formed the basis for human behavior. . Give specific examples. _____________________________________________________________________________________ Moral values serve as standards of right and wrong for people, guiding their decisions and actions. Schulze? Moral values also determine what people value and how they express this in their lives. People learn moral values from religions, governments, and. Christianity , Good and evil , Human 1383 Words | 5 Pages. | Penghargaan | (iii) | 3. | Objektif Kajian | (iv) | 4 . | Kaedah Kajian | (v) | 5. Which Statement Would In An Essay? | Hasil Kajiana)Salasilah keluargab) Perkembangan . diri dan keluargac) Tokoh dalam keluargad) Peristiwa bersejarah dalam keluarga | | 6. | Rumusan | | 7. | Lampiran | | Isi Kandungan Penghargaan Pertama sekali, saya ingin mengucapkan terima kasih kepada keluarga saya yang telah banyak memberikan sokongan dan sumber untuk menyiapkan folio ini dengan jayanya. Schulze Dissertation? Saya juga ingin merakamkan ribuan terima. 624 Words | 5 Pages.

Law may be invoked to prevent immoral behavior or enforce morals . h. And Effect? An appeal to the harm principle already provides a widely accepted . independent justification i. As a result, this principle usually invoked only when there are so-called victimless crimes j. Dissertation? Mill rejects use of this principle as a basis for limiting liberty. In his view, accepting this principle would be allowing the tyranny of the describe favorite essay, majority. 4 ) The offense principle – Individual liberty is justifiably. Censorship , Erotica , Freedom of speech 1347 Words | 5 Pages. The first chapter of “Elements of Moral Philosophy” By James Rachels begins by attempting to schulze, define morality. Which Thesis In An Essay? This is difficult task since so . many possible and constanze dissertation, rival definitions exits, therefore the common ground can be defined as only the “minimum conception” and although it is essays atwan not immediately defined, the reader of “ Elements of Moral Philosophy” is given examples involving handicapped children to illustrate. Constanze Schulze Dissertation? The first example employed in “Elements of Moral Philosophy” by James Rachels discussed. Ethics , Fourth Amendment to statement be included in an, the United States Constitution , Morality 2529 Words | 7 Pages. ?First Name__________________ Last Name__________________ Unit 4 : 4.03 Design Time: Your Space 1 (20 points) Take a look around you and constanze schulze, . Cause And Effect Essay World? your workspace at constanze schulze dissertation this moment. What elements are helping you stay on describe your essay, task and complete your work? What can you change to dissertation, make your workspace most effective?

Part 1: 1. Cause Essay? Rate every area in your workspace on a scale of schulze, 1- 4 using the following chart. 2. For anything ranks fair or poor, type in the “Actions to meal essay, Take” column any changes you can make to improve your. Better , Camera , Camera phone 567 Words | 2 Pages. unsur terpenting dalam perusahaan, karena manusia ( tenaga kerja ) inilah yang menggerakkan dan mengendalikan segala sumber daya yang ada . Dissertation? didalam perusahaan. Maksud dan tujuan dari perusahan dapat terwujud apabila pimpinan yang memimpin perusahaan tersebut dapat memberikan perhatian yang serius kepada karyawan sebagai suatu asset perusahaan dan sumber daya lainnya, serta pimpinan perusahaan tersebut dapat membangkitkan semangat kerja para karyawannya dengan memberikan motivasi yang tepat dan. 9041 Words | 36 Pages. 0017 ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS PROJECT WORK 2013 THE HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE SURVEY (HES) NAME : KUA YU CHAN I/C NO. : EXAM REGISTRATION NO: JA017K016 . World War 2? GROUP MEMBERS: 1) KUA YU CHAN 2) DHARSHINI A/P NEELA MEHAN 3) LIM HUI LING 4 ) SHEE HUI CHIEN 5) REGINA LEONG ZHI LING OBJECTIVES We students taking Additional Mathematics are required to carry out a project work while we are in Form 5.This year the Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education has prepared.

Arithmetic mean , Chart , Household income in the United States 859 Words | 8 Pages. Moral Leadership 1 Moral Leadership Tracey Marshall Canada Christian College Advanced Dynamics in Leadership Dr. Clarence . Duff April 12, 2012 Moral Leadership 2 The distinction between right and wrong concerning principles is constanze called morality. It is morality which helps to how do for a, govern people whether as an individual, in dissertation a family, community, or organization. Within the last century, morality has been closely linked to leadership by identifying a style called “ Moral Leadership”. Would Analytical Essay? In fact, it. Decision making , Ethics , Leadership 1914 Words | 7 Pages. ETHICS: THEORY AND APPLICATION MIDTERM EXAM SECTION POINTS: SECTION #1: EACH CORRECT ANSWER IS WORTH TWO (2) POINTS. (2X5=10) SECTION #2: EACH CORRECT . ANSWER IS WORTH FOUR ( 4 ) POINTS. (4X5=20) SECTION #3: EACH ANSWER IS WORTH 35 POINTS (2X35=70) OVERALL POINTS= 10+20+70=100 Section :1: True/False questions. Directions: please indicate if each statement is constanze schulze dissertation TRUE or FALSE.

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Development of Moral Reasoning, Attitudes Beliefs ( Kohlberg, Turiel, Gilligan) Lawrence Kohlberg • He established the Moral . Judgement Interview in his original 1958 dissertation, the interviewer uses moral dilemmas to determine which stage of moral reasoning a person uses. Cause? • The dilemmas are fictional short stories that describe situations in which a person has to make a moral decision. • Kohlberg experimented on this theory by interviewing boys aged 10 to 16. They were presented moral dilemmas. Developmental psychology , Ethics , Jean Piaget 731 Words | 3 Pages. SHOULD WE BE MORAL . Being moral is a choice free from both internal and external factors. Schulze Dissertation? Unless we have some convincing . reasons for being moral , there is no point in enquiring what is morally good and meal, what is not. This question concerns reasons than causes.

Also one must realize that being moral involves self denial. Schulze Dissertation? For example a moral person must not take BRIBE, but another person who is how do letter not moral and takes bribes may turn out to constanze schulze, be in a financially better position. So, moral obligations. Human , Logic , Moral 804 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form * * Search Bottom of Form 1 - 20 of 1000 * Moral Decline In America . continue to describe favorite meal essay, decay. Constanze Schulze Dissertation? Television shows aired on T.V. American Essays? also present their own proof of this moral decline. A popular MTV show, Teen Mom, can be seen as glorifying teen. Premium * Moral Decline ask ourselves why and schulze dissertation, then understand we need to stop. Other people may think that moral decline is stimulated by immoral leaders.

This is best american essays century partially true. Leaders. Premium Saved . Adolescence , Aesthetics , Developmental psychology 831 Words | 6 Pages. 1. What is Moral Theology? Moral theology/Christian ethics is schulze dissertation that branch of theological inquiry that studies in a systematic . way the practical implications of God's revelatory intervention in cause and effect world war 2 Jesus Christ. Constanze Schulze? It is concerned with the kind of people we ought to thesis, be and the kinds of actions we ought to perform or avoid. In pursuing its task, moral theology must draw upon every available source of understanding: scripture, tradition, relevant human sciences (such as psychology, sociology, economics). Bible , Christian theology , Christianity 818 Words | 3 Pages. Why Teach Moral Values When most people talk about a school curriculum, they think about math, science, social studies, and constanze schulze dissertation, language . courses. Seldom do I hear or read about moral values as being part of the curriculum.

The problem is that the neglect of teaching moral values in schools is hurting our students and causing problems in society. You Write A Cover Resume? If a person has never learned any moral values, how is she or he able to constanze dissertation, discern the difference between right and wrong? That is basically the essence of. Education , Intrinsic value , Morality 859 Words | 4 Pages. Kohlberg’s Moral Development Psych/500 October 14, 2012 Is it morally acceptable to steal food from the wealthy to feed the poor? This . was the type of question Lawrence Kohlberg, an university American-born Harvard Professor, would ask of his research subjects. Dr. Kohlberg was fascinated by constanze dissertation the cognitive development work proposed by Swiss theorist Jean Piaget (Long, n.d.). For A? “Kohlberg’s work aids both our understanding of the ways in constanze schulze which individuals make moral decisions, and demands that we use a.

Carol Gilligan , Developmental psychology , Ethics 1562 Words | 5 Pages. Moral Realism In this paper, I examine the wireless sensor security thesis, connection between judgments of fact and moral judgments in schulze dissertation an attempt to discern . whether moral judgments are simply a subset of judgments of your meal essay, fact. I will look mostly at an argument posed by many moral realists that takes moral facts to be “supervenient natural facts which are independent of our theorizing about constanze dissertation, them”1 and in which moral judgments are determined by objective facts which relate to human flourishing or pleasure and pain. Century? I will also, though. Argument , Human , Judgment 2443 Words | 7 Pages. Analisis Pengaruh Komitmen Organisasi Dan Keterlibatan Kerja Terhadap Hubungan Antara Etika Kerja Islam Dg Sikap Perubahan Organisasi. ANALISIS PENGARUH KOMITMEN ORGANISASI DAN KETERLIBATAN KERJA TERHADAP HUBUNGAN ANTARA ETIKA KERJA ISLAM DENGAN SIKAP PERUBAHAN . ORGANISASI Sri Anik1 Arifuddin2 Abstract This study examines the effect of Organizational Commitment and Job Involvement on constanze schulze dissertation, the relationship between The Islamic Work Ethics and Organizational Change Attitude. The result of the study supports the hypothese that the favorite essay, Islamic Work Ethic relates to constanze dissertation, the Organizational Commitment and the Islamic Work Ethic related to wireless sensor network thesis, the Organizational. 7066 Words | 27 Pages. Moral Development | Morality as Rooted in Human NatureDescribe and evaluate the biological perspective on dissertation, morality. * The biological . University? perspective on moral development assumes that morality is grounded in the genetic heritage of our species, perhaps through prewired emotional reactions. Humans share many morally relevant behaviours with other species, and the ventromedial area of the frontal region of the constanze dissertation, cerebral cortex is vital for emotional responsiveness to meal essay, others’ suffering.

Nevertheless. Aggression , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1867 Words | 6 Pages. Moral development is one of the oldest topics of interest for those who are curious about constanze schulze dissertation, human nature. Today, most people have strong opinions . about security, acceptable and unacceptable behavior, ethical and unethical behavior, and constanze schulze, ways in which acceptable and ethical behaviors are fostered in youth. Wireless Thesis? Teachers as well as parents have become widely concerned about constanze schulze, their children's values, in turn moral education is cause and effect war 2 something that is being pushed into constanze dissertation, a lot of school curriculums. Moral development concerns. Developmental psychology , Ethics , Jean Piaget 2434 Words | 6 Pages. Sociology 1A. Moral Panics According to Cohen, society is often subject to such instances and periods of moral panic; an . Describe Your Favorite Meal Essay? occurrence which is characterised by ‘stylized and stereotypical’ representation by the mass media, and a tendency for those ‘in power’ (politicians, bishops, editors and so on) to constanze schulze dissertation, man the ‘ moral barricades’ and pronounce judgement. At times the object and a cover letter, nature of the panic may be considered ‘novel’, such as that concerning the constanze schulze dissertation, ‘child killers’ of describe your favorite meal, James Bulger in the.

1990s , 1994 , Cameron Mitchell 2643 Words | 7 Pages. bumper sticker read, “The Moral Majority is constanze schulze Neither.” The fact that there was a bumper sticker criticizing the Moral Majority, . measures how large of an impact they once had in politics in America. Wireless Thesis? Led by Reverend Jerry Falwall, the Moral Majority was an ultra-conservative group that aimed to incorporate politics with strong conservative religious views. The mission itself was controversial which made their political agenda criticized even more. Falwell and the rest of the Moral Majority believed that.

Christian right , Conservatism , Evangelicalism 1766 Words | 5 Pages. Why Be Moral Bobby Tucker Grand Canyon University: PHI-305 October 5, 2014 Why Be Moral Plato’s idea of schulze dissertation, justice is along the wireless sensor, . thought of dissertation, morality, or righteousness while Thrasymachus thoughts were that justice meant superiority. This essay will discuss the two views of justice as well as give purpose to best essays, the question of schulze, “why be moral ?” Before answering the question, one must compare the two views of the sensor thesis, scholars to constanze schulze, get both sides. There could be several reasons for living by a moral code, this. Bible , God , Jesus 1109 Words | 5 Pages. the destruction that follows when ambition goes beyond moral constraints. To fully understand the university, extent to which Macbeth is a morality play, . it is dissertation essential to give consideration to the context of the time during which the describe favorite meal, playwright penned the drama. Constanze Schulze? Theatre was a major social event that not only brought society together but also taught the describe your favorite essay, audience, regardless of their social class, how to behave in constanze schulze order for society to university, maintain its moral order.

Shakespeare used the constanze schulze, beliefs and current events. Duncan I of Scotland , Ethics , James I of England 2443 Words | 7 Pages. Moral Law is a rule or a group of rules of right living conceived as universal and unchanging. Moral law is a system of . Would Be Included In An Analytical Essay? guidelines for behavior. These guidelines may or may not be part of a religion, codified in written form, or legally enforceable. For some people moral law is schulze dissertation synonymous with the commands of a divine being. For others, moral law is century atwan a set of universal rules that should apply to everyone.(SR, page 87) It is understood to combine the pinnacle of “Natural Law” and “Deontological reasoning”. Aristotle , Ethics , Jeremy Bentham 1315 Words | 4 Pages. ? Describe and evaluate two theories of moral development. This essay will demonstrate the schulze dissertation, explanation and best essays century, the evaluation of constanze schulze dissertation, two . different theories of describe your meal, moral development. Schulze Dissertation? Moral development is related to letter for a resume, behavior, and psychologists mean by moral behavior is dissertation that the judgment of person.

Jean Piaget is the most renowned psychologist for his work on moral development. Thesis Would Be Included In An? However, his theory was limited and not developed as Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory, but Piaget made a favour for constanze dissertation, Kohlberg by provided. Child development , Developmental psychology , Jean Piaget 1362 Words | 4 Pages. Nomsenge Topic: Deviance Due: 4 October 2012 TASK: Critically discuss the idea of moral panic in the social . Thesis? construction of deviance. Constanze Schulze Dissertation? INTRODUCTION In order to discuss the idea of moral panic in the social construction of wireless thesis, deviance it is important that these three concepts be first defined. Dissertation? Only then is it possible to initiate or conduct an interrogation of the you write letter, links and connections between the two main inseparable constructs, which are moral panic, and deviance. Constanze? In brief deviance.

Sociology 1673 Words | 5 Pages. launched by Tom Monaghan, founder of Domino's Pizza Inc, in September 1997. As at describe meal February 2013, there are 103 stores operating all over constanze schulze, Malaysia, with . 61 in the Klang Valley, 12 stores in cause and effect world war 2 Johor, 8 in Perak, 8 in Pulau Pinang, 6 in Negeri Sembilan, 4 in Kedah, 3 in Melaka and 1 in Perlis. With the healthy growth in Malaysia, Domino's extended its presence to constanze schulze, neighboring Singapore in 2009. There are currently 13 outlets operating in Singapore and growing aggressively Corporate Social Responsibility . Corporate social responsibility , Domino's Pizza , Education 717 Words | 3 Pages.

of employees, this makes him help a lot of people get employed. He earn the how do a cover letter for a resume, money so he bought a house in constanze dissertation Canada and the house is belong to university, himself, his . parent live in his house. |Capitalism | Moral | |Free market |Right to choice | |Self-interest is more important for schulze dissertation, individuals . Anxiety , Capitalism , Economic system 798 Words | 4 Pages. Moral Leadership and Ethics (Sacha Fuller) If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more, and become more, you are a . leader. – John Quincy Adams A promotion to management or obtaining a leadership role in an organization is not the only thing needed to be considered a leader. A sound foundation in morals , values, and ethics are needed to describe favorite essay, be an dissertation efficient and effective leader. A leader must stand out from the rest. As a leader, one must know what they value in their subordinates. Business ethics , Ethics , Leadership 1281 Words | 4 Pages. KERTAS KERJA KARNIVAL NASYID SAMBUTAN 20 TAHUN AL FURQAN TARIKH: AHAD (18 NOVEMBER 2007) TEMPAT: SEKOLAH RENDAH AL FURQAN 33000 . KUALA KANGSAR MASA: Ahad 8.00 pagi - 12.15 tghr ANJURAN: SEKOLAH RENDAH AL FURQAN dengan kerjasama PIBG SRAF ALUMNI SRAF 1. MUQADDIMAH Kesenian seumpama nasyid telah wujud sejak zaman Rasulullah s.a.w dan sebelumnya.

Pada awal perkembangannya di Malaysia, ia lebih dikenali melalui irama padang pasir. Muzik nasyid telah menerima kepelbagaian. 463 Words | 4 Pages. uniqueness of a virtuous person comes from their arete, phronesis, and eudaimonia. Arete means virtue or excellence and can be exemplified as a person of . generosity, courage, honesty, duty, loyalty, compassion, and other virtues. Phronesis, is described as moral or practical wisdom that knows the correct path to best essays atwan, take in any circumstance. Eudaimonia is happiness or flourishing life.2 These characteristics are often mistaken, for what brings happiness to people, virtues, and wisdom are different for each person. Aristotle , Deontological ethics , Ethics 1595 Words | 5 Pages. ? Moral action - Doing something that is right in spite of opposition from schulze others Adam Hochschild’s King of university, Leopold’s Ghost is the story of . no other than European ruler King Leopold II of Belgium, and schulze dissertation, the Congo, in which he took ownership of. He later became in control of and effect essay world, one of the largest colonies in Africa due to his manipulating ways and tricks.

Moreover his Congo, mostly the white authorities, forced some villages in dissertation Africa into harsh labor, where they were punished for a cover for a, wrong behavior, and. Adam Hochschild , Congo Free State , Human rights 1311 Words | 4 Pages. airports, bus and transport terminals and railway stations to sighted far from where living places and community law enforcers should check the dissertation, misuse of . loudspeakers, worshipers, outdoor parties and essay, discos, as well as public announcements systems. 4 . THERMAL POLLUTION – The release of harmful heat in the environment(atmosphere or water). * SOURCE: there are many other sources that contribute to thermal pollution such as power plants creating electricity. Acid rain , Air pollution , Cooling tower 661 Words | 3 Pages.

? MORAL VIRTUES 1.0 INTRODUCTION Man attains his ultimate end through good actions, that is, in schulze conformity with law and his conscience. These . good actions can be helped by cause and effect essay war 2 good habits called virtues. Schulze? Virtue is not something abstract possibly no term in the history of moral thought has stimulated more interest, reflection and speculation than that of virtue. Virtue is not something abstract and detached from how do you write a cover for a life but on the contrary it has deep roots in life itself. It spring up from the latter. God , Good and evil , Jesus 2386 Words | 7 Pages. Is moral universalism the truth? According to Streiffer [1], moral universalism is an ethical position that there are some . moral values which are agreed by schulze all people, ignoring nationality, culture, religion or other differentiating features. Resume? Some famous philosophers, from the constanze dissertation, ancient Platonists and Stoics, to modern Kantian, Objectivist, believed in moral universalism. Besides, a majority of religions have morally universalist positions. However, at the same time, there are also some famous philosophers.

Culture , Human rights , Marriage 776 Words | 3 Pages. considered synonyms, morals are beliefs based on world, practices or teachings regarding how people conduct themselves in constanze dissertation personal relationships and . in society, while ethics refers to a set or system of principles, or a philosophy or theory behind them. (Principles, however, is itself is a synonym for be included, morals .) So, ethics is the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, etc: it defines how thing are according to the rules; while morals are principles. Aristotle , Ethics , Eudaimonia 1914 Words | 3 Pages. Table 5: Moral Development 0-3 months no moral awareness 3-6 months Show joy by smiling, cooing and laughing when fed . comfortable or safe. 6-9 months Show joy by smiling, cooing and laughing when fed comfortable or safe crying when distressed or unhappy. 9-12 months- No understanding of right or wrong, starts to understand word no. 1-2 Years MORAL DEVELOPMENT: One to Two Years Is inwardly sensitive to adult approval and constanze dissertation, disapproval, despite tantrums and bursts of anger. 2- 4 Years. Blame , Conscience , Consciousness 526 Words | 3 Pages. MORALS AND ETHICS PREVAILING STANDARDS AND MEASURES TO IMPROVE THESE INTRODUCTION 1. The traditional military ethic of our . army can be described on and effect essay world war 2, the concept of ‘Namak’ or salt.

One is supposed to be faithful to the person whose salt one has eaten. The allegiance is not necessarily to the state but to what the soldier serves directly – the regiment or may be his direct superior officer. Constanze Schulze? 2. During the which thesis statement be included analytical, tenure of the British Raj, the ruling power had assigned a unique position. Aesthetics , Armed forces , Army 1100 Words | 4 Pages. Moral Philosophy “Principles or rules that people use to constanze schulze dissertation, decide what is describe your essay right or wrong” 1.TELEOLOGY:- * An act is considered morally . right or acceptable if it produces some desired result, i.e., pleasure, knowledge, career growth, a self-interest, or utility. * Theory that derives duty from what is valuable as an end, in a manner diametrically opposed to deontological ethics. Teleological ethics holds that the basic standard of duty is the constanze, contribution that an action makes to the realization. Descriptive ethics , Ethics , Immanuel Kant 1295 Words | 4 Pages. Philosophical ethics are an your attempt to define moral action. Theories try to answer questions such as ‘what is schulze a moral action?’ . and thesis essay, ‘how should men act?’ In the case of classical theories the main question is ‘What is the good life? We all grow up learning our ethics, or morals , from our parents and society.

As we grow we are told things; do not cross the road alone, clean your room. But there are a set of instructions that we are told, and we grow to dissertation, learn that they have quite a different motive. Categorical imperative , Deontological ethics , Ethics 2874 Words | 7 Pages. Moral Development 2 and a half years old - they have no understanding of what’s wrong and right but are starting to understand the word no. . 3 years old - no understanding of what’s wrong and right but can follow simple rules most of the time. 4 years old- some children are sometimes thoughtful towards other but do things mainly for adult approval. 5-6 years old- children this age are eager to understand and follow the rules. 7-9 years old- children at how do this age are willing to tell others. Child development , Childhood , Developmental psychology 777 Words | 3 Pages. Moral Rights 1. Right to Live: The first and main right of man is schulze his right to live.

The object of a moral life is meal improvement . of the self and life is a necessary condition to constanze schulze dissertation, effecting this improvement. The right to life is wireless network security thesis a fundamental right it is a sacred right. The right to schulze dissertation, life also included the right to work without money earning the necessities of university, life cannot be obtained. The life of a person without occupation becomes difficult. To the right of life is constanze schulze dissertation conjoined the world war 2, duty of respect. Human , Human rights , Meaning of schulze dissertation, life 1142 Words | 3 Pages.

Support of best, Moral Relativism: My topic is on schulze, moral relativism, and I am trying to argue that moral relativism is . applicable and is required to explain the current phenomenon. First I would try to show how culture affects moral decisions, and that such shows the need for a relativistic explanation. Cause And Effect War 2? I would propose a few arguments and analogies for the need of relativism, such as that in different situations the same moral rule may not apply. Constanze Schulze Dissertation? I would then try to see if there are any moral standards. Cultural relativism , Culture , Ethics 1874 Words | 5 Pages.

Notes on Moral Turpitude Problem : Moral Turpitude Black’s Law Dictionary definition of thesis statement be included analytical essay, moral turpitude as . “an act of baseness, vileness, or depravity in the private duties which a man owes his fellow men, or to society in general, contrary to the accepted and constanze schulze dissertation, customary rule of right and duty between man and man, or conduct contrary to justice, honesty, modesty, or good morals . “Act or behavior that gravely violates moral sentiment or accepted moral standards of a cover for a, community and is. Conviction , Crime , Ethics 1408 Words | 6 Pages. Role of School in Moral Education. Role of School in Moral Education Principal Dr Smt U K Sadavarte Vivekwardhini College of constanze schulze dissertation, Education For Women, Nanded Prof Rachana . Sandeep Akolkar AAD College of Education, Khultabad, Aurangabad Moral education is wireless network what the schools do to constanze schulze, help the young become ethically mature adults, capable of moral thought and action. Very little of the a cover for a, moral education that inevitably occurs in the schools is formally recorded in lesson plans, curriculum guides, or. Developmental psychology , Education , Heinz dilemma 996 Words | 4 Pages. ?1. What is constanze schulze dissertation a moral dilemma? A genuine dilemma is one type of moral problem, captured by the expression “You’re damned if you . Cause Essay World War 2? do, damned if you don’t.” That is, in a dilemma, there appears to be no right answer or solution (Dreisbach, 2008). Moral dilemmas, at the very least, involve conflicts between moral requirements (McConnell, 2010). Constanze Dissertation? 3. Which Thesis Statement Would In An Essay? The four questions that must be asked to establish if a Dirty Harry Problem exists are: Did the agent know the situation and the choices that it offers.

Clint Eastwood , Dirty Harry , Ethics 2400 Words | 7 Pages. Introduction It is widely accepted that educating and training students in moral competence is not just useful but obligatory in classroom . practice. The fact that numerous moral topics and situations are constantly encountered in life gives rise to an essential need for educators to facilitate opportunities for moral learning and development. (Ludecke-Plumer, 2007) This can be accomplished by educating students on constanze schulze, the different facets of life including ideals of justice and social expectation. (Henry. Developmental psychology , Education , Educational psychology 1343 Words | 5 Pages. Morality Lost and wireless security thesis, Moral Education. Lost and Moral Education Xiangwen Liao (Allen) University of La Verne - ELS Abstract Morality is the part of constanze, positive . moral values that are the cause and effect, necessary for human’s social activities and daily life. Schulze Dissertation? It’s one of the special and unique elements that make human different from animals. However, in the age of modernization, we are facing problems of morality lost in many areas in our life when we are chasing the material goals. Favorite Essay? The purpose of schulze dissertation, this paper is to summarize the current moral problems. Education , History of university, education , Intrinsic value 1768 Words | 5 Pages.

Kohlberg's Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg was born in Bronxville, New York on constanze, October 25, 1927. American? He was born into constanze dissertation, a wealthy family and . Thesis Analytical Essay? enjoyed all of the luxuries that the rich lifestyle had to offer including the finest college prep schools. However, Kohlberg was not too concerned with this lifestyle. Constanze Dissertation? Instead he became a sailor with the merchant marines. During World War II, Kohlberg played an instrumental role in thesis statement would in an smuggling Jews through a British blockade in Palestine. It was during. Developmental psychology , Jean Piaget , Kohlberg's stages of schulze dissertation, moral development 1479 Words | 4 Pages. EDU10002 Assessment 3 Folio TP1 2015 4.

Teaching Period 1, 2015 EDU10002 Understanding Language and Literacy Assessment 3: Folio Word limit: 1500 (+/- 10%) Weighting: 30% Due date: . 9am (AEST) Monday 1 June 2015 (Week 12) Assessment overview This assessment folio requires you to create a newsletter for you write a cover letter for a resume, the parents in an early childhood or primary setting and constanze schulze, write a reflection on best american century, your process. You will demonstrate your understanding of schulze dissertation, literacy and language in relation to how do you write a cover letter for a resume, one of the teaching and constanze schulze dissertation, learning curriculum models/ approaches introduced. Childhood , Early childhood education , Education 878 Words | 4 Pages. karena itu adalah sebuah bentuk eksploitasi berlebihan atas seksualitas melalui majalah, buku, film, internet, dll., yang tersebar 1 Jawa Pos edisi 8 . April 2006 ibid 2 2 secara luas dan dengan mudah diakses masyarakat. Itu semua merusak moral bangsa dan melecehkan wanita.”3 Selain itu, isi majalah itu juga sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam, yang notabene dipeluk oleh sekitar 90% penduduk Indonesia. Imam S. Essay? Nugroho, Ketua Aliansi Jurnalis Independen (AJI) Surabaya, menyatakan “penerbitan. 4844 Words | 16 Pages. Ethical and Moral Issues in Business. Ethical and Moral Issues in Business MGT 216 April 4 , 2012 Ethical and Moral Issues in constanze schulze Business Ethics and wireless sensor network security thesis, . moral are not things that commonly cross a person’s mind, unless there is an ethical or moral issue. In ethical and constanze, moral issues, people begin to how do you write a cover letter resume, question the ethics and morals or the person or people in constanze the middle of the describe your essay, questioning.

This paper will define the differences between ethical and moral issues, the differences between personal and business ethics, and will provide examples. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 856 Words | 3 Pages. Discuss Theories Of Moral Development. ?Discuss theories of moral development Piaget researched into the moral development of children and found that until about 5 . years old children are amoral. They cannot make moral judgements or understand rules. Constanze Dissertation? However, most children under 5 years old know when they are doing something wrong; therefore it could be argued that they aren’t amoral. To understand rules children use equal-status contact with peers to understand others perspectives and begin to develop morally. Piaget used pairs of vignettes. Developmental psychology , Jean Piaget , Kohlberg's stages of how do letter for a resume, moral development 1186 Words | 3 Pages.

Lawrence Kohlbergs Stages of Moral Development. Lawrence Kohlberg conducted research on the moral development of children. He wanted to understand how they develop a sense of right or wrong . and how justice is served. Kohlberg used surveys in which he included moral dilemmas where he asked the subjects to evaluate a moral conflict. Through his studies, Kohlberg observed that moral growth and development precedes through stages such as those of Piaget's stages of constanze schulze, cognitive development. He theorized that moral growth begins at describe your favorite essay the beginning of life.

Developmental psychology , Human rights , Jean Piaget 2215 Words | 6 Pages.

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Top 10 Things Job-Seekers Need to Know about Submitting and Posting Your Resume Online. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. In the constanze schulze, early days of Internet job searching, e-resumes, or electronic resumes, were distinguished from traditional print resumes. Today, since most resumes are transmitted electronically, the term “e-resume” is not used much anymore. Online resume submission has become so pervasive that “resume” is nearly synonymous with “electronic resume.” Job-seekers today submit their resumes via e-mail, post or submit them on Internet job boards, or publish them on their own Web page. To learn more about the many forms of resumes used online, see our accompanying article, Your E-resume’s File Format Aligns with its Delivery Method. In the meantime, stay right here to learn the 10 things you truly must know about sensor network thesis submitting and posting your resume online.

1. You absolutely MUST have a version of your resume that is optimized for online posting and submission. A job-seeker simply cannot succeed these days with just the traditional formatted resume intended to be printed out constanze dissertation as a visually pleasing marketing piece. The formatted “print” resume is still important, but it can no longer be the only resume tool in your kit. More than 90 percent of employers place resumes directly into searchable databases and essays, an equal percentage of constanze schulze, employers prefer to essays century atwan, receive resumes by constanze dissertation e-mail. Wireless Sensor Security! More than 80 percent of Fortune 500 companies post jobs on their own Web sites — and expect job-seekers to respond electronically. Thus, you need at least one other version of your resume that can go directly into constanze, a keyword-searchable database with no obstacles. Formatting that needs to be removed before the resume can be placed in a database is an example of such an obstacle.

Sending your resume in text-based format directly in the body of an e-mail message removes all barriers to an employer’s placing your resume right into century atwan, a searchable databases. Some employers still prefer the formatted document version of your resume attached to an e-mail message (so they have the option to constanze dissertation, print it out, for example), while others won’t open attachments because of concerns about viruses and incompatibilities among word-processing programs. The formatted “print” resume is still vital because the employer may wish to visually review your resume, especially once the database search has narrowed down the candidates, and the formatted, print version will be more reader-friendly than the text-based version. You’ll also want to have a print version of your resume on hand for networking, to take to interviews and cause and effect world war 2, career fairs and for the rare occasions when employers request resumes in schulze, old-school ways — by mail or fax. At the bare minimum, you need a formatted, print version of your resume and a text-based (ASCII) e-resume.

To cover every contingency, you might also want to have a Portable Document Format (PDF) version, and a Web-based (HTML) version. The nuances of these versions are explained in our article, Your E-resume’s File Format Aligns with its Delivery Method. 2. Your resume must be loaded with keywords. Much of job-hunting today revolves around the cause and effect essay war 2, mysterious world of keywords. Employers’ dependence on constanze schulze keywords to find the job candidates they want to interview has come about in recent years because of technology.

Inundated by resumes from job-seekers, employers have increasingly relied on placing resumes in keyword-searchable databases, and using software to search those databases for specific keywords that relate to job vacancies. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and many smaller companies now use these technologies. In addition, most employers search the databases of third-party job-posting and resume-posting boards on the Internet. The bottom line is that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for keywords, and your resume doesn’t have the you write letter, keywords the company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much out of luck. Read more about the importance of keywords in our article Tapping the Power of constanze, Keywords to Enhance Your Resume’s Effectiveness and how do resume, how you can identify the constanze dissertation, best keywords in Resources for american, Identifying Keywords and Researching Keywords in Employment Ads. Consider using our Resume Keywords Worksheet. 3. Your resume must be accomplishments-driven. Accomplishments are the points that really help sell you to constanze schulze, an employer — much more so than everyday job duties. In fact, there’s a direct relationship between keywords and accomplishments in university, that keywords can be tied to accomplishments rather than job duties, so a good way to make the leap from keyword to a nice, contextual bullet point is to take each keyword you’ve identified as critical to the job and list an accomplishment that tells how you’ve used the skill represented by that keyword.

For more about maximizing your accomplishments in an e-resume, see our article, For Job-Hunting Success: Track and Leverage Your Accomplishments and consider using our Accomplishments Worksheet. 4. Technically speaking, a resume for online posting and submission is not too difficult to create. It’s surprisingly easy to create an constanze schulze e-resume once you get the hang of wireless network thesis, it. There’s more than one way to create a text-based e-resume, but the most common method involves saving your word-processed (usually Word) resume in text (.txt) format, re-opening it in a text editor program, such as Wordpad, Notepad, or Text Wrangler, TextEdit for Mac OS, and constanze schulze, then making a few adjustments in it. One good resource that can walk you through this process include this part of How to Upload or Email a Resume from Susan Ireland. Even a Web-based HTML resume is which thesis statement would be included in an analytical not that hard to craft. Learn everything you need to know in constanze schulze, our article, A Web-Ready Resume Can Be a Major Advantage in Your Job Search. 5. Text-based resumes are the ugly ducklings of the resume world, but you can dress them up a bit. Job-seekers and resume writers have strived for years to develop ways to make resumes visually appealing and graphically interesting — through font choices, bold and italic type, rule lines, bullets, centering, indents, and more — only to thesis would be included analytical essay, have all that formatting thrown out the window in the e-resume world. Text-based resumes are the antitheses of the gorgeous documents that job-seekers hand to employers at interviews and constanze, career fairs. The fact is that most online resumes aren’t intended to be visually attractive because their main function is not to be seen but to be searched in keyword-searchable databases.

Still, they may be seen at some point. Sensor Network Security Thesis! Employers may see the constanze schulze dissertation, resume you’ve posted on an online job board. Their primary interest is whether the content of your resume (indicated largely by keywords) shows you to be qualified for the opening you’ve applied for and/or for which the employer is searching the database. But once the match has been made, the employer may actually look at your resume. So, even though — without formatting — you can’t make it look as fetching as your print version, you can still ensure that it looks decent.

For example, you can use keyboard characters, such as equal signs (=====), plus signs (++++++) and tildes ( ) to make rule lines. You can use asterisks (*****), hyphens (—–), lower-case letter o’s (ooooo), and carats () to make bullets. You can use UPPER CASE for university, emphasis in constanze, headings. See how some of cause and effect, these techniques are used in this sample text chronological resume. Now, one type of e-resume that is meant to look good is the HTML or Web-based resume. This type of resume resides on a Web page, in part, so it can be seen, so it should be visually pleasing. While it’s not too difficult to make an constanze schulze dissertation HTML resume look attractive, the more you know about Web design, the better you can make the resume look.

You can also transform your Web resume into a Web portfolio that extensively shows off your skills and accomplishments. If you’re not confident of essays century, your skills, you might want to enlist a Web designer or resume writer in this process. A number of services have emerged in recent years that enable you to create Web-based and multimedia resumes that usually reside on schulze dissertation a service’s site. See examples of university, these in our article New Web-Based Twists On Resumes: Best Ways to schulze dissertation, Construct a Resume? 6. Which Be Included Analytical! Text resumes are highly versatile.

Once you have a text-based resume, you can do a lot with it, including: Post it in its entirety on many job boards. Paste it piece-by-piece into the profile forms of job boards, such as Monster.com, that have a rigid setup and don’t allow resumes to be posted as is. Dissertation! Paste it into university, the body of an e-mail and send it to employers. Convert it to a Web-based HTML resume. 7. You must tailor the use of your resume to each employer’s or job board’s instructions. As you might have guessed from what you’ve read so far in this article, there is no universally accepted way to constanze schulze, submit your e-resume to university, an employer. Constanze! Some employers want your resume as an attachment, usually as a Word document. Others want your resume as text pasted into wireless sensor network security thesis, the body of an e-mail message. Still others want you to constanze dissertation, paste your resume into an online form.

If you absolutely cannot find out an employer’s preference, the following is best american century a fairly safe bet: A formatted, “print” resume in constanze dissertation, document (.doc because some older versions of be included in an essay, Word cannot open .docx files)) form sent as an attachment to dissertation, an e-mail message to you write letter for a resume, the employer. And here’s a bit of common sense: Can you imagine how many resumes employers receive with files entitled “resume.doc”? Use your name as part of the constanze schulze dissertation, file name for your resume. Example: JaySmithResume.doc. A text-based e-resume stripped of best essays century, most formatting and pasted directly into the same e-mail message into which your print resume is attached. Since the employer has this text-based resume, he or she can choose whether or not to open the attached version, based on compatibility, virus protection, and company policy on opening attachments. For a truly complete e-mailable, electronic package, add a text-based cover letter stripped of formatting and pasted directly into schulze dissertation, the same e-mail message into describe favorite, which your print resume is schulze dissertation attached. Pat Kendall and describe meal, Susan Whitcomb note in a book about online resumes that your cover letter can contain verbiage that points out the options you’re providing: “I have attached an MS Word version of my resume, as well as pasted a plain-text version below. (If the plain-text version is sufficient for your database, it is not necessary to download the formatted attachment.)” The same lack of universality goes for job boards. Some enable you to paste your resume into a form in dissertation, any format, but the board automatically converts it to text.

Others require that the resume be in text format to describe your meal, begin with before you can paste it into the form. These variations underscore the importance of having a text-based e-resume. While researching this article, the dissertation, Quintessential Careers staff experimented with posting resumes to several sites. We learned that a text-based e-resume is best essays century not only vital for schulze dissertation, boards with a text-resume requirement — but also extremely helpful when the boards convert any resume to text. Just because a job board turns your resume into text doesn’t mean it will look decent; it’s better to have a text resume to begin with so you know it will look appropriate when pasted in. Also note that some job boards/employers limit the how do a cover resume, number of words or the size of the file that you can paste into any one field. 8. Take advantage of constanze dissertation, job-board features to protect yourself and get the most out of posting your e-resume on the boards.

Most reputable job boards have features that enable you to protect your own privacy and confidentiality, control who sees your resume, mask the identity if your current employer (so your employer doesn’t know you’re looking), and easily edit and delete your resume or change it from which statement would in an, active to inactive. These privacy and confidentiality issues are more important than ever given news reports about identity theft of resume information. A good article to help you protect yourself is Privacy Tips for Online Job Seekers. Many boards also enable you to create multiple profiles for yourself so you can look for various types of jobs. Some permit you to submit a list of constanze, your top skills. Resume submission forms generally have questions in addition to best essays, a place to submit the actual resume. Some questions are mandatory; others are optional. When a question is optional, consider whether it is to your advantage to answer it.

Answering questions about salary or location requirements, for example, may be too limiting. 9. A few finishing touches can increase your e-resume’s effectiveness. Here are a few tips from the experts for getting more out of schulze dissertation, your e-resume: Use the “Properties” feature in MS Word to best american essays century, boost the keyword searchability of your attached Word resume. This feature, found under Word’s File menu, enables you to insert keywords, comments, and constanze dissertation, a link to your Web-based resume if you have one. University! You can use the “Comments” field to constanze dissertation, enter geographic and relocation preferences. A similar trick applies to best, using HTML commands called meta tags in creating a Web-based resume. The “description” command, for example, gives you up to constanze, 150 characters to provide a description of your document. Make sure you use words that highlight your e perience and skills.

The “keywords” command gives you limited spa e to enter critical eywords. Be sure to how do letter for a, use keywords that you think employers and recruiters might use in searching for the position you are seeking — and make sure those keywords are also listed at constanze dissertation, least once (perhaps in a “key accomplishments” section) in and effect essay world, your resume. Read more about meta tags and helping your Web resume to be found in search engines in our article, Resume Found: Keys to constanze dissertation, Successful Search Engine Registration. Favorite Meal! Do some test runs of the formatted print resume you intend to send to employers as an attachment by constanze dissertation sending it to the computers of a few friends to see if the best century atwan, formatting remains consistent from schulze dissertation, computer to computer. Try to find testers who each have different versions of describe your meal essay, Windows, as well as a tester or two using Mac OS. Use a specific subject line in your e-mail when transmitting your e-resume. The subject line might include the reference n. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and schulze, savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over american century atwan, 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to constanze dissertation, help land the job you want.

Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an security educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in constanze dissertation, the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is describe your favorite meal essay author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and constanze dissertation, A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and favorite meal, with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to schulze dissertation, Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Thesis Statement In An Analytical! Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. Dissertation! You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Which Thesis Statement Would In An Analytical! Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog.

Quintessential Careers: Career and schulze dissertation, Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an a cover for a resume archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the schulze dissertation, []

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5 Upgrading to Oracle Fusion Applications Release 9. This chapter describes the constanze dissertation, steps required to upgrade to Oracle Fusion Applications 11 g Release 9 (11.1.9). This chapter contains the following topics: Perform the following steps to upgrade to best american essays Release 9: 5.1.1 Run Upgrade Orchestrator During Downtime. Review the following steps before you start Upgrade Orchestrator. Dissertation! You can optionally perform the mandatory backup of Oracle Fusion Applications at would this time. Dissertation! If you choose to security thesis do this, you can immediately resume orchestration when you reach the pause points for performing these backups.

If you are running on dissertation, a Solaris platform, se the environment variables that are described in Section 4.2.2.3, Environment Variables Required for Solaris. If you are running on an AIX platform, set the environment variables that are described in Section 4.2.2.2, Environment Variables Required for AIX. If you are upgrading multiple languages and how do you write for a running on dissertation, an AIX platform, set the following environment variables on network security thesis, the primordial host: Start Upgrade Orchestrator during downtime by running the constanze dissertation, following commands on all host types, including the essay war 2, respective scaled out constanze schulze dissertation, hosts. For more information, refer to Section A.2.2, Options for the Orchestration Command When Starting Orchestration. Note that the value POD_NAME , for the -pod argument, refers to the directory you created in Section 2.3.7, Unzip Orchestration.zip. You are prompted for the Master Orchestration Password, which you created in how do you write a cover letter for a Section 2.4.2, Select a Master Orchestration Password.

If you set the DISPLAY variable, confirm it is accessible. If you do not set the DISPLAY variable, run unset/unsetenv DISPLAY before you run orchestration. Run the following command to constanze schulze dissertation start orchestration on how do a cover letter for a resume, the primordial host. Run the following command to start orchestration on each Midtier host that is listed in the HOSTNAME_MIDTIER property in the pod.properties file: Run the following command to schulze dissertation start orchestration on each OHS host that is listed in the HOSTNAME_OHS property in the pod.properties file: Run the following command to start orchestration on each IDM host associated with the following properties in the pod.properties file: Upgrade Orchestrator runs the favorite essay, tasks listed in the following table. Table 5-1 Tasks Run During the DowntimePreFA Phase.

Record Oracle Fusion Applications Version. Back up files in Smart Clone Environment (Oracle VM only) Back Up the OPSS Security Store. Disable Index Optimization. Stop All Servers. Primordial, OHS, Midtier. Set CrashRecoveryEnabled Property to False.

Stop OPMN Control Processes. Primordial, OHS, Midtier. Dissertation! Stop Node Managers. Upgrade Orchestrator can exit for either a failure, a pause point, or upon successful completion. When orchestrator exits on how do a cover resume, failure, review the log files and take the appropriate corrective action. Then resume Orchestrator using the commands specified in this section. If the orchestration commands result in any hanging tasks on any host, do not use ctrl-C or ctrl-Z to exit. Constanze Dissertation! You must update the best american, status of the task that is constanze schulze, hanging by using the commands in Section 7.6.3, Upgrade Orchestrator Hangs.

After you exit and fix the issue that caused the hanging, restart Upgrade Orchestrator, using the commands specified in this section, on university, the hosts that were forced to dissertation exit. A Cover Letter Resume! 5.1.2 Pause Point 1 - Stop Informatica IR (IIR) Servers. Orchestration pauses if you have IIR installed and configured in your environment, because you must stop IIR before performing any backups. Shut down IIR by running the following commands: After you successfully stop IIR servers, update the task status to success by schulze running the following command: Orchestration runs the tasks in the following table if your environment meets the requirements in Section 5.1.8.1, Fully Automated IDM Upgrade. Table 5-2 Tasks Run During the DowntimePreFA Phase. Stopping Oracle Identity Management - AUTHOHS. Stopping Oracle Identity Management - OIM. Stopping Oracle Identity Management -OID. 5.1.5 Pause Point 2 - Back Up Oracle Fusion Applications.

Orchestration pauses so that you can back up the wireless network, Oracle Fusion Applications environment. Perform the steps in Section 5.2.1, Back Up Oracle Fusion Applications. Ensure that you have backed up your Oracle Fusion Applications database and Oracle Identity Management database, as specified in Section 5.2.1, Back Up Oracle Fusion Applications, before you run the commands in this section. Schulze! After you successfully perform the university, backups, update the task status to success on all hosts by running the constanze schulze, following commands. Update the task status on the primordial host. Update the essays century atwan, task status on constanze schulze, each Midtier host that is listed in your meal the HOSTNAME_MIDTIER property in the pod.properties file. Update the task status on each OHS host that is listed in the HOSTNAME_OHS property in the pod.properties file. Update the task status on each IDM host that is listed in following properties in the pod.properties file: Resume orchestration on all host types, including the respective scaled out hosts, using the schulze dissertation, commands in Section 5.1.1, Run Upgrade Orchestrator During Downtime, Steps 1 through 4. Upgrade Orchestrator runs the tasks in the following table. University! Table 5-3 Tasks Run During the schulze dissertation, DowntimePreFA Phase (Oracle VM Only) Install Oracle Fusion Applications LCM Tools for Oracle VM. Primordial, OHS, IDM.

Prepare for Oracle Fusion Applications LCM Tools for Oracle VM Upgrade. Apply Oracle Fusion Applications LCM Tools for Oracle VM Patches. Primordial, OHS, IDM. Enable SmartClone Mounts. War 2! 5.1.8 Pause Point 3 - Upgrade Oracle Identity Management to Release 9. Refer to the section for upgrading Oracle Identity Management (IDM) that is appropriate for dissertation, your environment. The IDM upgrade is university, fully automated if your environment meets the following requirements: Runs on schulze dissertation, a Linux, AIX or Solaris platform. IDM configuration is cause world war 2, SINGLE, 3-NODE, or 4-NODE.

Was freshly provisioned in Release 7 and upgraded to Release 8 OR was freshly provisioned in Release 8. If all the preceding conditions are true, Upgrade Orchestrator performs the schulze, IDM upgrade by running the tasks listed in the following table. This pause point does not occur and you can proceed to university Section 5.1.11, Pause Point 4 - Start External Servers. Table 5-4 Tasks Run During the DowntimePreFA Phase. Upgrade Oracle Identity Management Binaries.

Upgrade Oracle Identity Management Configuration - OID. Schulze! Validate Oracle Identity Management Setup and wireless sensor security thesis Configuration - OID. Upgrade Oracle Identity Management Configuration - OIM. Dissertation! Upgrade Oracle Identity Management Configuration - AUTHOHS. Validate Oracle Identity Management Setup Configuration - OIM. Validate Oracle Identity Management Setup Configuration - AUTHOHS. If your environment does not meet the criteria in Section 5.1.8.1, or the you write letter for a, IDM_SETUP_TYPE property is set to MANUAL , orchestration pauses so that you can perform the IDM upgrade by following the constanze schulze dissertation, steps in Section 5.2.3, Upgrade the Oracle Identity Management Domain to 11 g Release 9 (11.1.9). If you are upgrading a bare metal environment with scaled out IDM hosts, you must run these steps on network, all scaled out IDM hosts. After you successfully upgrade Oracle Identity Management, update the task status to success on constanze schulze dissertation, the IDM host.

Note that this section is cause and effect war 2, not applicable if your IDM upgrade is automated, as described in Section 5.1.8.1, Fully Automated IDM Upgrade. 5.1.10 Resume Upgrade Orchestrator to Upgrade Oracle Fusion Applications. Resume orchestration on each IDM host that is listed in the following properties in the pod.properties file, using the constanze, command in Section 5.1.1, Run Upgrade Orchestrator During Downtime, Step 4: Upgrade Orchestrator runs the letter resume, tasks in the following table to upgrade Oracle Fusion Applications. Table 5-5 Tasks Run During Various Downtime Phases. Run Upgrade Readiness (During Downtime) Checks.

Primordial, OHS, Midtier. Remove Conflicting Patches for Oracle Fusion Middleware Component Oracle Homes. Run RUP Lite for schulze dissertation, OVM in Offline Mode as Application User. Primordial, OHS, Midtier, IDM. Run Oracle Fusion Applications RUP Installation Part 1 of 2. Run RUP Lite for Domain Configuration. Start Node Managers. Start OPMN Control Processes. Primordial, OHS, Midtier, Update Topology Information and Worker Details.

Start Remote Workers for Applying Database Patches in Distributed Mode. Run Oracle Fusion Applications RUP Installation Part 2 of 2. Clean up Worker Details Information for the Topology. Run Vital Signs Checks. Invoke an Instance of UpdateSOAMDS SOA Composite. Prepare for Oracle Fusion Applications Web Tier Upgrade. Stop Oracle Fusion Applications - APPOHS. Remove Conflicting Patches for Oracle Fusion Applications Web Tier Oracle Homes. Upgrade Oracle Fusion Applications OHS Binaries. Upgrade Oracle Fusion Applications OHS Configuration. Star OPMN Control Processes.

Run RUP Lite for american essays century atwan, BI. Run RUP Lite for OVM in Online Mode as Application User. Primordial, OHS, Midtier, IDM. Dissertation! 5.1.11 Pause Point 4 - Start External Servers. Orchestration pauses on which be included essay, the Midtier hosts so you can start the GOP server and schulze dissertation IIR instance. Describe Your Favorite Essay! After the schulze dissertation, GOP server and IIR instance start, set the task status to success on the Midtier hosts. Describe Your Meal! Resume orchestration on the Midtier hosts using the schulze, command in which would be included Section 5.1.1, Run Upgrade Orchestrator During Downtime, Step 2. Dissertation! Upgrade Orchestrator runs the tasks in the following table. Table 5-6 Tasks Run During the DowntimePostFA Phase. Set CrashRecoveryEnabled Property to True. Run Post Upgrade Health Checks. Primordial, OHS, Midtier.

Run Data Quality Checks. Run Post Upgrade Cleanup Tasks. University! 5.1.14 Pause Point 5 - Back Up Oracle Fusion Applications. Upgrade Orchestrator pauses so you can back up your Oracle Fusion Applications environment before running the language upgrade and/or incremental provisioning. Perform the constanze schulze, steps in university Section 5.2.1, Back Up Oracle Fusion Applications. Even if you do not have other languages installed, you may want to consider performing a backup at this time, in preparation for the post-upgrade tasks. If you do not need to back up your environment at this time, proceed to Section 5.1.15, Update Status to Success. After you successfully back up the Oracle Fusion Applications environment, update the task status to success on dissertation, all hosts: Update the task status on the primordial host: Update the task status on each Midtier host that is listed in the HOSTNAME_MIDTIER property in the pod.properties file: Update the task status on each OHS host that is listed in the HOSTNAME_OHS property in the pod.properties file:

Update the network thesis, task status on each IDM host that is listed in following properties in the pod.properties file: Resume orchestration on dissertation, all host types, including the respective scaled out hosts, using the commands in best atwan Section 5.1.1, Run Upgrade Orchestrator During Downtime, Steps 1 through 4. If you do not plan to constanze schulze run incremental provisioning and how do a cover letter you have only US English installed, proceed to Section 5.1.24, Upgrade Orchestrator Completes Successfully. If you do not plan to run incremental provisioning and you have previously installed additional languages, Upgrade Orchestration runs the tasks in Table 5-7, Tasks Run For the Language Pack Upgrade and dissertation you can proceed to Section 5.1.24, Upgrade Orchestrator Completes Successfully. If the PERFORM_INCREMENTAL_PROVISIONING property is set to true, Upgrade Orchestrator runs the InstallIpBinary task on the primordial host, to install binaries for incremental provisioning. Proceed to Section 5.1.17, Pause Point 6 - Create the Incremental Provisioning Response File. University! 5.1.17 Pause Point 6 - Create the Incremental Provisioning Response File. Orchestration pauses if you meet one of the conditions described in Section 2.4.10, Prepare Incremental Provisioning, so you can create a response file for running incremental provisioning. Perform the steps in Section 5.2.5, Create Response Files for Manual Incremental Provisioning. After you successfully create the response file for manual incremental provisioning, update the task status to success on the primordial host: Resume orchestration on the primordial host, using the commands in Section 5.1.1, Run Upgrade Orchestrator During Downtime, Step 1. 5.1.20 Pause Point 7 - Perform Incremental Provisioning. Orchestration pauses if you meet one of the conditions described in Section 2.4.10, Prepare Incremental Provisioning, so you can run incremental provisioning.

To perform incremental provisioning, follow the steps in Section 5.2.6, Perform Incremental Provisioning. If you have a scaled-out, secondary Oracle Fusion Applications OHS instance, incremental provisioning does not update the constanze dissertation, secondary OHS. Best American Century! In this case, you must first perform the additional steps in Performing Post Incremental Provisioning Tasks in constanze dissertation the Oracle Fusion Applications Installation Guide , before proceeding to the next step. If you only have a single Oracle Fusion Applications OHS instance, do not perform the university, post incremental provisioning tasks. Constanze Schulze! After you successfully perform manual incremental provisioning, update the you write letter for a resume, task status to success on the primordial, OHS and schulze Midtier hosts: Update the task status on the primordial host: Update the task status on best essays century atwan, each Midtier host that is listed in the HOSTNAME_MIDTIER property in the pod.properties file: Update the task status on each OHS host that is listed in the HOSTNAME_OHS property in the pod.properties file: Resume orchestration on the primordial host, using the commands in schulze dissertation Section 5.1.1, Run Upgrade Orchestrator During Downtime, Step 1. 5.1.23 Upgrade Orchestrator Runs Language Upgrade Tasks. If additional languages are installed, resume orchestration on all host types, including the how do you write letter for a, respective scaled out hosts, using the commands in Section 5.1.1, Run Upgrade Orchestrator During Downtime, Steps 1 through 4. Upgrade Orchestrator runs the tasks in the following table.

Note that the LanguagePackInstall task runs both the schulze, General System and Pre-Language Pack Readiness Health Checks and this runs for each installed language. Essays Atwan! The PostLangPackChecks task runs both the General System and dissertation Post-Language Pack Health Checks. If you have set the SKIP_UPGRADE_FOR_LANGUAGE option to skip languages, the upgrade for those languages is not performed as part of orchestration. In this case, proceed to a cover for a resume Section 5.1.24, Upgrade Orchestrator Completes Successfully at this time and constanze schulze dissertation you must manually upgrade your installed languages after Upgrade Orchestrator completes successfully. For more information, see Performing Optional Language Installations in the Oracle Fusion Applications Installation Guide . Table 5-7 Tasks Run For the Language Pack Upgrade. Run Pre Language Pack Health Checks. Upgrade All Installed Languages. University! Update Topology Information and Worker Details. Start Remote Workers for Applying Database Patches in Distributed Mode. Runs Configuration Actions for all Installed Languages. Clean up Worker Details Information for the Topology.

Stop All Servers. Constanze Dissertation! Start All Servers. Run Post Language Pack Health Checks. Perform Post Upgrade Configuration. 5.1.24 Upgrade Orchestrator Completes Successfully. Your Favorite! Upgrade Orchestrator generates the dissertation, Oracle Fusion Applications Orchestrator Upgrade Report upon successful completion of the upgrade, which you review as a post-upgrade task. To continue with the upgrade after all tasks complete successfully, proceed to essay Chapter 6, Running Post-Upgrade Tasks. This section describes the detailed steps required by each of the following default pause points: 5.2.1 Back Up Oracle Fusion Applications. Back up your entire Oracle Fusion Applications environment by following the steps for performing a full offline backup in Backing Up and Recovering Oracle Fusion Applications in the Oracle Fusion Applications Administrator's Guide . Include the following components in your backup: For additional back up steps that are specific to Windows, refer to Section 5.2.2, Back Up Steps for Windows Platforms. Database upgrade and patching is a prerequisite to the Oracle Fusion Applications Upgrade. You must backup your Oracle Fusion Applications database and Oracle Identity Management database before and after applying all prerequisite patches and schulze dissertation before starting the Oracle Fusion Applications upgrade.

For more information, see Backing Up and cause Recovering Oracle Fusion Applications in the Oracle Fusion Applications Administrator's Guide . Turn on schulze dissertation, Oracle Flashback Database as a best practice before taking a backup of the Oracle Fusion Applications database. 5.2.1.2 Back Up Upgrade Orchestrator Directories. Upgrade Orchestrator writes to work areas specified by properties in the pod.properties file. Ensure that you back up the work directories during all Oracle Fusion Applications backup pause points. You Write Letter For A Resume! During any restore of your environment, you must restore the orchestration work directories to the same backup point. Backup directories are specified by the following properties in the pod.properties file: If these directories are shared among multiple environments, the backups of these directories must be specific to the environment ( POD_NAME ). The restore should also be specific to that environment ( POD_NAME ), as shown in the following examples: ORCHESTRATION_CHECKPOINT_ARCHIVE_LOCATION /ARCHIVE/ POD_NAME. When restoring the Oracle Fusion Applications environment from a backup, you must restore the orchestration directories if you want to continue using orchestration, starting from the backup pause points in the orchestration flow. Constanze Dissertation! 5.2.1.3 Back Up the OHS Host and /etc/hosts.

On the OHS host, back up /u01/APPLTOP and university /u02/instance . Also back up the /etc/hosts file. Constanze! 5.2.1.4 Back Up the Central Inventory. Upgrade Orchestrator upgrades and applies Oracle Fusion Middleware and Oracle Fusion Applications patches to your Oracle Fusion Applications environment. As a best practice, back up your central inventory, along with other Oracle homes, before the upgrade. On the primordial host, the location of the central inventory can be obtained by looking at the inventory pointer file ( oraInst.loc on Linux), located in century FA_ORACLE_HOME . After your backups are complete, and if you are performing the steps to upgrade to Release 9, proceed to Section 5.1.6, Update Status to constanze Success to continue the upgrade. If you are performing the steps to university upgrade your installed languages, proceed to constanze Section 5.1.15, Update Status to wireless security thesis Success. 5.2.2 Back Up Steps for Windows Platforms. Constanze Dissertation! Back up the best atwan, Oracle Fusion Applications environment, including APPLICATIONS_BASE , inventory, registry entries, Oracle Identity Management, the database and the System environment PATH variable of the Oracle Fusion Applications host machine.

APPLICATIONS_BASE contains many files whose path is more than 256 characters. The Microsoft Windows Copy function is limited to copying only schulze those files with a path of less than 256 characters. Therefore, many files fail to copy. How Do! Use Robust File Copy (Robocopy), which is available as part of the Windows Resource Kit, to schulze dissertation copy APPLICATIONS_BASE . Use the following command: Sample output from the robocopy command: Back up the and effect world, inventory.

Back up the inventory location referenced in the registry HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREORACLEinst_loc . Back up the registry. Use Regedit.exe to back up the following registries related to constanze schulze dissertation Oracle Fusion Applications. Describe Meal! Web Tier service. Node Manager service. Ensure that the System PATH has the following values: Add any of the previous values that are missing to the system PATH. Missing values cause failures in constanze dissertation launching the OPMN services and security BI Presentation Catalog deployment configuration assistants in RUP Installer. Save the system PATH variable. 5.2.3 Upgrade the schulze, Oracle Identity Management Domain to 11 g Release 9 (11.1.9) Before performing an upgrade to 11 g Release 9 (11.1.9), check the Technical Known Issues, Oracle Fusion Application 11g Release 9 (11.1.9) for the latest information on required patches. Perform the following steps to manually upgrade the Oracle Identity Management domain to 11 g Release 9 (11.1.9):

Oracle Identity Management for Oracle Fusion Applications 11 g , Release 9 (11.1.9.0) includes patches for the following products that are installed in the Oracle Identity Management domain: Oracle Identity Manager. Oracle IDM Tools. Oracle Access Manager. Oracle Internet Directory. Best American Century Atwan! The Oracle Fusion Applications Release 9 Identity Management software and patches for your appropriate platform are available in the Oracle Fusion Applications repository under SHARED_LOCATION/ 11.1.9.x.0/ Repository/ installers . Schulze! Review the best century, individual patch Readme files before applying them. 5.2.3.2 About Identity Management Domain, Nodes and Oracle homes. This section explains the various nodes and Oracle homes in the Identity Management domain for Oracle Fusion Applications 11g, Release 9 (11.1.9.x.0). Identity Management (IDM) Node. Constanze! WEBLOGIC_ORACLE_HOME (For IDM provisioned environments, this is IDM_BASE/ products/dir/wlserver_10.3 .) Oracle WebLogic Server. IDM_ORACLE_HOME : This is also known as the OID_ORACLE_HOME . (For IDM provisioned environments, this is IDM_BASE/ products/dir/oid .) The following Oracle Identity Management products are installed in this Oracle home: Oracle Internet Directory.

Oracle Virtual Directory. Best Essays! Oracle Directory Services Manager. IDM_ORACLE_COMMON_HOME : (For IDM provisioned environments, this is IDM_BASE/ products/dir/oracle_common .) The following Oracle Identity Management products are installed in this Oracle home: Oracle Platform Security Services (OPSS) Oracle Web Services Manager (OWSM) Identity and constanze schulze dissertation Access Management (IAM) Node. WEBLOGIC_ORACLE_HOME (For IDM provisioned environments, this is IDM_BASE/ products/app/wlserver_10.3 .) Oracle WebLogic Server. IAM_ORACLE_HOME : This is cause war 2, also known as the OIM_ORACLE_HOME . Schulze! (For IDM provisioned environments, this is IDM_BASE/ products/app/iam .)The following Oracle Identity Management products are installed in this Oracle home: Oracle Identity Manager. Oracle Access Manager. Oracle IDM Tools. Oracle Identity Federation. SOA_ORACLE_HOME : (For IDM provisioned environments, this is IDM_BASE/ products/app/soa.) This is typically installed under the describe favorite meal, IAM_ORACLE_HOME . The following products are installed in this Oracle home: Oracle SOA Suite. IAM_ORACLE_COMMON_HOME : (For IDM provisioned environments, this is IDM_BASE/ products/app/oracle_common .) The following Oracle Identity Management products are installed in this Oracle home: OHS_ORACLE_HOME : This is also known as the WEB_ORACLE_HOME . The following Oracle Identity Management products are installed in this Oracle home: OHS_ORACLE_COMMON_HOME : The following Oracle Identity Management products are installed in this Oracle home: RDBMS_ORACLE_HOME : This is the ORACLE_HOME of the Oracle Database. You must apply mandatory database patches to this Oracle home.

5.2.3.3 Performing Pre-installation Tasks. Perform the following tasks before installation. Schulze! Ensure that your environment meets the wireless sensor network security, following requirements before you install or uninstall the patch: Review and download the latest version of OPatch 11.1.x via Patch 6880880 (OPatch version 11.1.0.8.2 or later). Oracle recommends that you use the latest version of OPatch.

Review the My Oracle Support note 224346.1-Opatch-Where Can I Find the constanze dissertation, Latest Version of Opatch? Verify the OUI Inventory. OPatch needs access to how do you write for a a valid OUI inventory to apply patches. Schulze! Validate the OUI inventory with the following command: If the command errors out, contact Oracle Support for assistance in validating and verifying the inventory setup before proceeding. University! Confirm the executables appear in your system PATH . The patching process uses the unzip and the OPatch executables. After setting the ORACLE_HOME environment, confirm whether the following executables exist, before proceeding to constanze dissertation the next step. 5.2.3.3.2 Stop the Servers and Processes. Stop the servers and processes, as follows: In the Oracle Identity Management domain, stop all Oracle Identity Management services and processes using the following sequence. Do not stop the database. Stop the following servers and processes: Oracle HTTP Server.

Oracle Identity Manager managed servers. Oracle SOA managed servers. Oracle Identity Federation managed servers. Oracle Access Manager managed servers. Oracle Directory Services Manager. Oracle WebLogic Administration Server for the Oracle Identity Management domain.

Oracle Virtual Directory. Oracle Internet Directory. At a minimum, create the following backups: Middleware home directory (including the Oracle home directories inside the Middleware home) Local domain home directory. Local Oracle instances. Domain home and university Oracle instances on any remote systems that use the Middleware home.

Back up your database and ensure the backup includes the schema version registry table, as each Fusion Middleware schema has a row in this table. Constanze Schulze Dissertation! The name of the schema version registry table is SYSTEM.SCHEMA_VERSION_REGISTRY$ . Back up your Configurations and wireless security thesis Storesspecifically, all data under the root node of the LDAP store. Back up any Oracle Identity Federation Java Server Pages (JSP) that you customized. The patching process overwrites JSPs included in the oif.ear file. After you complete the patching process, restore your custom JSPs. In addition to constanze the preceding backups, Oracle recommends performing your organization's typical backup processes. The following documents provide additional information related to subjects discussed in this section: 5.2.3.3.4 Patch the Database (RDBMS_ORACLE_HOME) Ensure the patches listed in Chapter 3, Updating the Oracle Fusion Applications and Oracle Identity Management Databases are applied on the Identity Management database to keep both Oracle Fusion Applications and Identity Management databases synchronized. Best American Essays Century Atwan! Follow the steps in Chapter 3 to apply the patches. The Database Client patches are available under the constanze, SHARED_LOCATION/ 11.1.9.x.0/ Repository/ installers/dbclient/patch directory.

Follow the century, patch Readme and apply all patches in schulze the directory. Proceed as follows to thesis be included in an analytical essay apply all patches: Set your Oracle home to RDBMS_ORACLE_HOME , for example, ORACLE_HOME/u01/oid/oid_home . Go to the patch directory: Run opatch using the napply option. Dissertation! 5.2.3.3.6 Patch the WebLogic Server on the IDM Node. Be Included Analytical Essay! Oracle Fusion Applications 11 g Release 9 (11.1.9) Identity Management continues to use Oracle WebLogic Server 10.3.6. However, there may be additional Oracle WebLogic Server patches that you must apply. The WebLogic server patches are available under the schulze, SHARED_LOCATION 11.1.9.x.0/ Repository/ /installers/smart_update/weblogic directory. Follow the patch Readme and apply all patches in the directory. Use the following commands to apply all the patches on the IDM NODE : Take the list of jars from the output of the ls command and create a comma separated list without the file extension, for example: 5.2.3.3.7 Patch the WebLogic Server on the IAM Node.

Oracle Fusion Applications 11 g Release 9 (11.1.9) Identity and Access Management continues to use Oracle WebLogic Server 10.3.6. However, there may be additional Oracle WebLogic Server patches that you must apply. Use the following commands: Take the list of jars from the output of ls and create a comma separated list without the how do a cover resume, file extension, for example: The patches for this Oracle home are available under the constanze schulze, SHARED_LOCATION /11.1.9.x.0/Repository/installers/pltsec/patch directory for your appropriate platform. Follow the patch Readme and apply all patches in university the directory as follows: Set your Oracle home to IDM_ORACLE_HOME , for example, /u01/oid/oid_home . Go to the patch directory: Run opatch using the napply option. 5.2.3.3.9 Patch the Common Oracle homes on All Nodes. Your deployment should have at least the following, if not more, Oracle Common homes: The patches for these Oracle homes are available under the SHARED_LOCATION /11.1.9.x.0/Repository/installers/oracle_common/patch directory for dissertation, your platform. You Write A Cover Letter For A! Follow the constanze dissertation, patch Readme and apply all patches in the directory to the Oracle Common homes as follows: Set your Oracle home to IDM_ORACLE_COMMON_HOME ., for example, /u01/oid/oracle_common . Go to how do a cover letter resume the patch directory. Run opatch using the napply option. Set your Oracle home to ORACLE_COMMON_HOME , for example, /u01/oim/oracle_common . Run opatch using the napply option. Set your Oracle home to OHS_ORACLE_COMMON_HOME ., for example, /u01/ohsauth/oracle_common . Run opatch using the schulze, napply option.

You must apply all the patches to all the Common Oracle homes. 5.2.3.3.10 Patch IAM_ORACLE_HOME on the IAM Node. The patches for this Oracle home are available under the SHARED_LOCATION /11.1.9.x.0/Repository/installers/idm/patch directory for your platform. Follow the patch Readme and how do you write for a apply all patches in the directory as follows: Set your Oracle home to IAM_ORACLE_HOME , for constanze schulze, example, /u01/oim/oim_home . University! Go to the patch directory. Run opatch using the napply option. Some of the patches have post-patch steps mentioned in the README of the patch. Only apply the patches using opatch napply now, as you will run the post-patch steps later. 5.2.3.3.11 Patch OIF_ORACLE_HOME on the IAM Node. Schulze Dissertation! The patches for this Oracle home are available under the SHARED_LOCATION/ 11.1.9.x.0/Repository/installers/oif/patch directory for your platform. American Atwan! Follow the patch Readme and apply all patches in the directory as follows: Set your Oracle home to OIF_ORACLE_HOME , for example, /u01/oim/fmw_idm_home . Go to the patch directory. Run opatch using the napply option.

5.2.3.3.12 Patch SOA_ORACLE_HOME on the IAM Node. The patches for this Oracle home are available under the SHARED_LOCATION /11.1.9.x.0/Repository/installers/soa/patch directory for your platform. Follow the patch Readme and apply all patches in the directory as follows: Set your Oracle home to SOA_ORACLE_HOME , for example, /u01/oim/soa_home . Go to constanze schulze the patch directory. Run opatch using the napply option. Which Would Be Included In An! 5.2.3.3.13 Patch OHS_ORACLE_HOME on the OHS Node. The patches for this Oracle home are available under the schulze dissertation, SHARED_LOCATION / 11.1.9.x.0/Repository/installers /webtier/patch directory for university, your platform. Follow the patch Readme and apply all patches in the directory as follows: Set your Oracle home to OHS_ORACLE_HOME , for example, /u01/ohsauth/ohsauth_home . Go to the patch directory. Run opatch using the napply option. 5.2.3.3.14 Patch WEBGATE_ORACLE_HOME on the OHS Node.

The patches for this Oracle home are available under the constanze dissertation, SHARED_LOCATION /11.1.9.x.0/Repository/installers/webgate/patch directory for your platform. Follow the statement in an analytical, patch Readme and apply all patches in the directory as follows: Set your Oracle home to WEBGATE_ORACLE_HOME ., for example, /u01/ohsauth/webgate . Go to the patch directory. Schulze Dissertation! Run opatch using the napply option. Some patches have online post-patch steps that must be completed. These are documented in the individual patch readme. Review and follow the post-patch steps.

Perform the procedures in the following sections: 5.2.3.4.1 Start the Servers and Apply Post-Patch Steps. How Do You Write Resume! Start servers and processes in the following sequence: Oracle Internet Directory (if not already started) Oracle Virtual Directory. Constanze Schulze Dissertation! Oracle WebLogic Administration Server for the IDM node (if not already started) Oracle Directory Services Manager (ODSM) managed servers. Oracle Access Manager managed servers (if not already started) Oracle Identity Federation managed servers. Oracle SOA managed servers (if not already started) Oracle Identity Manager managed servers (if not already started) Oracle HTTP Server and describe your meal Webgate (if not already started) 5.2.3.4.2 Verify the Oracle Identity Management Domain. To verify that the upgrades and patches to the Oracle Identity Management domain were applied correctly, perform the dissertation, following steps: Confirm you can access and your essay log in to the Oracle WebLogic Administration Server console at: Confirm you can access and log in to Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control at: After you complete the IDM upgrade, proceed to Section 5.1.9, Update Status to dissertation Success to continue the upgrade. Wireless Sensor Network Security! The following document provides additional information related to subjects discussed in schulze dissertation this section: For more information about OPatch, see Patching Oracle Fusion Middleware with Oracle OPatch in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Patching Guide . Perform the wireless sensor security, following steps: Perform the constanze schulze, following steps to start the GOP processes. Note that the opmnctl process for gop_1 should be started only on the host machine which contains the AdvancedPlanning Managed Server. Do not start it on the primordial host.

Proceed to Step 2 if your GOP processes have been previously configured and have run before. If you are starting GOP processes for the first time, confirm that a datasource exists, in the form of XML files, under the APPLICATIONS_BASE /instance/gop_1/GOP/GlobalOrderPromisingServer1/datastore directory. Then run the RefreshOpDatastore ESS job by performing the following steps: Ensure that the AdvancePlanning Managed Server is running in the SCM domain. Invoke http:// scm - AdvancePlanning managedserver : port /advancedPlanning/faces/MscCentralEssUi. In the bottom list applet click on best american century atwan, Actions , then Schedule New Process . Select Search under Name , and query for schulze, %Order%. Wireless Network! Select Refresh Order Promising Data and click OK . Select all check boxes in the Process Details popup. You can customize some options in the Advanced pane, but this is not mandatory. Click Submit and note the dissertation, process ID. Which Be Included In An! After you confirm that the process is complete, you should see information from the log file that is similar to the following example: Proceed to constanze dissertation Step 2. Log in to which thesis statement be included in an analytical essay Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control (Cloud Control). For more information, see Monitoring Oracle Fusion Applications in the Oracle Fusion Applications Administrator's Guide . Access GOP by navigating to Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Management , then Global Order Promising , then GlobalOrderPromisingServer1 . Click GlobalOrderPromisingServer1 to open the GlobalOrderPromisingServer1 page.

Select Control from the constanze dissertation, menu, then Start Up . 5.2.4.2 Start the Informatica IR (IIR) Instance. If you have IIR installed and configured in your environment, you must start IIR. Perform the following steps: 5.2.5 Create Response Files for Manual Incremental Provisioning. Perform the wireless security, steps in dissertation Creating an Extended Provisioning Response File in the Oracle Fusion Applications Installation Guide . 5.2.6 Perform Incremental Provisioning. Perform the cause and effect world war 2, steps in Performing Incremental Provisioning in the Oracle Fusion Applications Installation Guide .

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Essay on Religion: Meaning, Nature , Role and other details (5931 Words) Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and other details! Religion is an almost universal institution in constanze schulze dissertation, human society. It is found in all societies, past and present. All the preliterate societies known to us have religion. Religion goes back to the beginning of the and effect, culture itself. It is a very ancient institution. There is no primitive society without religion. Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9d/Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg/1280px-Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg. Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the schulze, intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of men.

While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies. It is the and effect essay world war 2, foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. It is the constanze schulze, social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions. It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and economic aspects of life. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the great religions of the world. Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. Religion is wireless sensor, pre-eminently social and is found in nearly all societies. Majumdar and Madan explain that the constanze, word religion has its origin in the Latin word Rel (I) igio.

This is derived from two root words. The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”. The second root is which thesis would essay, Lig, meaning ‘to bind’. Schulze Dissertation. The first root refers to belief in and practice of “signs of Divine Communication”. The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and cause world war 2 practices which are generally the main characteristics of all religions. Central to all religions is the concept of faith. Religion in this sense is the dissertation, organisation of faith which binds human beings to their temporal and transcendental foundation.

By faith man is distinguished from other beings. It is essentially a subjective and private matter. Faith is something which binds us together and is therefore, more important than reason. Pfleiderer defined religion as “that reference men’s life to a word governing power which seeks to grow into describe your meal essay, a living union with it.” According to James G. Frazer considered religion as a belief in constanze schulze dissertation, “Powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the course of nature and of human life”. As Christopher Dauson writes, “Whenever and wherever man has a sense of dependence on external powers which are conceived as mysterious and higher than man’s own, there is religion, and the feelings of awe and self-abasement with which man is filled in the presence of such powers is essentially a religious emotion, the root of and effect essay worship and prayer.” Arnold W. Green defines religion as “a system of schulze beliefs and symbolic practices and describe your favorite meal objects, governed by faith rather than by knowledge, which relates man to an unseen supernatural realm beyond the known and beyond the controllable.” According to schulze, Maclver and Page, “Religion, as we understand the and effect war 2, term, implies a relationship not merely between man and constanze man but also between man and some higher power.” As Gillin and Gillin says, “The social field of religion may be regarded as including those emotionalized beliefs prevalent in a social group concurring the supernatural plus crest and thesis in an analytical essay behaviour, material objects and symbols associated with such beliefs.” Thus, there are numerous definitions of religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions.

As a matter of fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon a definition. Constanze Schulze Dissertation. Some maintain that religion includes a belief in supernatural or mysterious powers and that it expresses itself in overt activities designed to deal with those powers. Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends. Sumner and Keller asserted that, “Religion in history, from the earliest to very recent days, has not been a matter of morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”. Religion, in fact, is not a mere process of mediations about man’s life; it is also a means of preserving the values of life. While it is possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism.

In sociology, the word religion is used in a wider sense than that used in religious books. A common characteristic found among all religions is that they represent a complex of emotional feelings and attitudes towards mysterious and perplexities of life. According to Radin it consists of two parts: (a) Physiological and (b) psychological. The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet. The psychological part consists of supernormal sensitivity to best american atwan, certain traditions and beliefs. While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. If we analyse the great religions of the world, we shall find that each of them contains, five basic elements: (1) belief in supernatural powers, (2) belief in the holy, (3) ritual, (4) acts defined as sinful and (5) some method of constanze schulze dissertation salvation. The first basic element of religion is the belief that there are supernatural powers. These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena.

Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods. There are even others who do not call them by any name. They simply consider them as forces in their universe. Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the first element of religion. There are certain holy or sacred elements of religion. These constitute the heart of the religion.

There are certain things which are regarded as holy or sacred. But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. An attitude makes a thing holy. And Effect World. The sacred character of a tangible thing is not observable to the senses. Sacred things are symbols.

They symbolize the things of the unseen, super-empirical world, they symbolize certain sacred but tangible realities. When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is imagined to represent. Religious ritual is constanze, “the active side of religion. It is behaviour with reference to your favorite, super empirical entities and sacred- objects”. Schulze. It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in certain rivers, in the Ganga for instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of american essays century atwan reverence, usually performed with other people and in schulze, public. It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. Failure to perform these acts is considered a sin. Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and letter for a resume profane (unholy).

They are certain moral principles which are explained to have a supernatural origin. It is believed that the powers of the other world cherish these principles. The violation of these principles creates man’s sense of guilty. It may also bring upon him the disfavour of the supernatural powers. If the behaviour is not in accordance with the religions code, the behaviour or act is constanze schulze dissertation, considered as sinful. A method of and effect world war 2 salvation is the fifth basic element of religion. Man needs some method by which he can regain harmony with the Gods through removal of guilt. In Hindu religion Moksha or Salvation represents the end of life, the realisation of an schulze inner spirituality in man. The Hindu seeks release from the bondage of and effect world war 2 Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of his actions in his life.

The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. The Buddhist hopes to attain Salvation by being absorbed in the Godhead and entering Nirvana. The Christian has a redeemer in Christ who gave his life for man’s sins. In short, religion is the institutionalised set of beliefs men hold about supernatural forces. Constanze Dissertation. It is more or less coherent system of beliefs and practices concerning a supernatural order of beings, forces, places or other entities. Religion is interwoven with all aspects of university human life: with kinship systems, economic and political institutions.

Prior to the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. It has shaped domestic, economic and constanze dissertation political institutions. Hence, it is obvious that religion performs a number of functions both for the religious group and for the wider society. Which Thesis Statement Be Included In An Analytical. These functions of religion are discussed bellow. 1. Religion Helps in the Struggle for Societal Survival: Religion may be said to help in the struggle for societal survival. Rushton Coulborn has shown that religion played a crucial role in the formation and early development of seven primary civilisations: Egyptian Mesopotamian, Indian, Cretan, Chinese, Middle American and Andean. Religion in each of these societies gave its members the courage needed for survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner. In present societies religion also performs this role.

By relating the empirical world to the super-empirical world religion gives the individual a sense of security in this rapidly changing world. Constanze Schulze. This sense of security of the individual has significance for university the society. Since religion helps man to forget the constanze, suffering, disappointments and sorrows in this life’, social dissatisfaction and social unrest become less frequent and the social system continues functioning. 2. Religion Promotes Social Integration: Religion acts as a unifying force and hence, promotes social integration in several ways. Religion plays an important part in crystallising, symbolising and reinforcing common values and norms. Cause. It thus provides support for social standards, socially accepted behaviour. Common faith, values and norms etc. are significant in unifying people. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to group ends is enhanced. Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and sentiments.

It thus helps him to schulze, identify himself more with his fellows, and to distinguish himself more from members of other groups, communities or nations. By distinguishing between holy and university unholy things, religion creates sacred symbol for the values and constanze schulze this symbol becomes the thesis analytical, rallying point for all persons who share the same values. The cow as a sacred symbol of the Hindus, for example, is a rallying point which gives cohesion to Hindu society. Religion performs its function of integration through social control. It regulates the conduct of constanze individuals by enforcing moral principles on them and by prescribing powerful sanctions against and effect essay world war 2 them for violation. 3. Religion helps to knit the Social Values of a Society into a Cohesive Whole: It is the ultimate source of social cohesion. The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and others and through which society is constanze, perpetuated. These social values emanate from religious faith.

Religion is the foundation upon university which these values rest. Children should obey their parents, should not tell a lie or cheat, women should be faithful to men; people should be honest and virtuous are some of the social values which maintain social cohesion. It is religion that asks man to renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon his wants and desires. All the religions have preached love and non-violence. They have emphasized sacrifice and forbearance. 4. Constanze Schulze. Religions Acts as an Agent of Social Control: It is one of the means of informal means of university social control. Religion not only defines moral expectations for members of the religious group but usually enforces them. It supports certain types of social conduct by constanze schulze, placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. It makes certain forms of social behaviour as offences not only against network security society but also against God. Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by dissertation, God but by society.

Hinduism gives sanction to the caste system which regulates social relations of various classes in India. 5. Religion Promotes Social Welfare: Religion encourages people to render services to the needy and poor and promote their welfare. World. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. Help and assistance are rendered to poor and destitute persons due to religion inspiration. It is believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of constanze schulze religion by way of giving alms and assistance to the helpless and needy persons.

In this way religion promotes the welfare of individuals, groups and community. The priesthood often was dedicated to art and culture. The priests laid the foundations of medicine. Magic supplied the roots of observation and experimentation from which science developed. It also inculcated the habit of charity among the people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor. 7. It Rationalizes and Makes bearable Individual Suffering in the known World: Religion serves to soothe the your favorite meal, man in times of his suffering and disappointment. In this world man often suffers disappointment even in constanze dissertation, the midst of all hopes and achievements. Wireless Network Security. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him. When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of condolence.

On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in mysterious ways to make even his loss meaningful. Faith in God compensates him and sustains his interest in life and makes it bearable. In this way religion helps man to bear his frustrations and encourages him to accept his lot on earth. 8. Religion Enhances Self-importance: It expands one’s self to infinite proportions.

Man unites himself with the infinite and feels ennobled. Through unity with the infinite the constanze schulze, self is made majestic and triumphant. Man considers himself the noblest work of God with whom he shall be united and his self thus becomes grand and luminous. Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. Religion supports institutional pattern more explicitly. All the great religions of the world have attempted to regulate kinship relations, especially marriage and your family. Schulze. Political institutions are often sanctioned by religion: the emperor of China or Japan was sacred; the ruling caste of India was sanctioned by Brahmanism; the kings of France were supposed to rule by divine right. Religious rites are performed on many occasions in relation to vital events and dominant interests: birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and so on; and they are intimately concerned with family and kinship interests and with political institutions. Religion is the central element in the life of civilisation. Religion has also performed some other services to essays century atwan, humanity among which Sumner and Keller included the provision of work, the spread of schulze dissertation education, the accumulation of capital and the creation of a leisure class.

For thousands of years, religion has exerted a great influence over economic and political life. Even today religion is called upon to thesis be included essay, support rulers, contacts and other legal procedures. In addition to positive functions of religion, there are some negative aspects of its social functions. Although religion is an integrative force, it may be disruptive for the society as a whole. Sumner and Keller, Benjamin Kidd, Karl Marx, Thomas F. O’ Dea and others have pointed the dysfunctions of religion. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. 1. Religion Inhibits Protests and Hinders Social Changes: According to Thomas F. O’ Dea, religion inhibits protests and impedes social changes which may even prove to be beneficial to constanze, the welfare of the society. Essay World. All protests and conflicts are not always negative. Protests and conflicts often become necessary for bringing out changes.

Some changes would certainly lead to positive reforms. By inhibiting protests and preventing changes religion may postpone reforms. 2. Hampers the Adaptation of Society to Changed Conditions: Social values and norms emanate from constanze schulze dissertation, religious faith. Wireless Thesis. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. This can “impede a more functionally appropriate adaptation of society to changing conditions.” For example, during the medieval Europe, the Church refused to grant the schulze dissertation, ethical legitimacy of money lending at interest, despite the great functional need of this activity in best essays century, a situation of developing capitalism”. Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking. Similar social conflict is evident in constanze schulze dissertation, the case of birth control measures including abortion, in the Catholic world.

3. Religion may Foster Dependence and Irresponsibility: Religion often makes its followers dependent on religious institutions and leaders. But it does not develop an ability in them to assume individual responsibility. For example, a good number of people in India prefer to take the advises of priests and religious leaders before starting some ventures. But they do not take the suggestion of those who are competent in your meal essay, the field. In its course of development religion has supported and constanze promoted evil practices such as cannibalism, slavery, untouchability, human and animal sacrifice etc. As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in letter, this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure. Religion preaches submission to the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It is this control function of religion that caused Marx to call religion as “the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the constanze, opiate of the people.” By sanctifying norms and legitimizing social institutions, religion serves as a guardian of the status quo. Religion is the source of how do letter for a many superstitions.

These superstitions have caused harm to human being. Schulze Dissertation. Superstitions like evil spirits and ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the desire of the God etc. hinder the welfare of human beings. Religion results in inter-group conflicts by dividing people along religious lines. It is wireless network, deeply related with conflicts. Wars and battles have been fought in the name of religion.

Sumner and Keller are of the opinion that religion often causes economic wastes. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on religious fairs, festivals and schulze dissertation ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in the name offerings. It leads to waste of human labour, energy and time. Religion creates diversities among people. It creates a gap among them.

In the name of God and religion, loot, plundering, mass killing, rape and other cruel and inhuman treatments have been meted out to people. Religion has made people blind, dumb and deaf to the reality. They have faith without reasoning which is university, blind. Constanze. On the contrary, it has often made people to become bigots and how do a cover fanatics. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to persecution, inhuman treatment and misery in the past. Religion preserves traditions. It preaches submission to the existing conditions and maintenance of constanze schulze dissertation status quo. Religion is describe your favorite, not readily amenable to social change and progress. 12. Constanze Schulze. Religion Retards Scientific Achievement:

Religion has tried to prevent the scientists from discovering new facts. For example, it tried to suppress the doctrines of Darwin, Huxley and others. By placing high premium on divine power religion has made people fatalistic. They think that all events in life is due to some divine power and hence due to fate. As a result, his power and potentiality is undermined. Thus, religion affects the creativity of man. Marx has strongly criticised religion.

For Marx all that was fundamental in university, the science of society proceeded from the material and dissertation especially the economic sphere. For him therefore religion is, to be sure, superstition, but to stop at this point is to limit religion to which thesis be included in an essay, merely abstract belief. It leaves the impression that religion may be dislodged simply by constanze schulze, new, rational belief. Marx’s sense of the would be included essay, matter is more profound. Merely changing beliefs is not enough. The transformation of an entire social order is required, for belief is deeply rooted in the social relations of men. Religion, writes Marx, “is the ‘self-consciousness and self-feeling of man who either has not yet found himself or has already lost himself. But man is no abstract being, squatting outside the world. Constanze Dissertation. Man is the world of man, the state, and world society.

This state, this society produce religion, a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world. Religion is the compendium of that world, its encyclopedic, its enthusiasm, its moral sanction, its solemn completion, its universal ground for consolation and justification. It is the fantastic realization of the human essence because the human essence has no true reality. Marx believed, like Luduig Feuerbach, that what man gives to God in constanze schulze, the form of worship, he takes from himself. That is, man is persuaded through suffering or through false teaching to your, project what is his to a supernatural being. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is fundamental is not religious forms – against which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the economic forms of existence. The abolition of schulze religion as the “illusory happiness” of the people is required for their real happiness, declared Marx. But before religion can be abolished the conditions which nurture it must be done away with. Sensor Network Thesis. “The demand to give up the illusions about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusion”. Marx’s criticism of dissertation religion is thus deeply connected with the criticism of right and the criticism of politics. As Marx put it… “The criticism of heaven transforms itself into the criticism of earth, the criticism of religion into the criticism of describe your essay law and the criticism of schulze dissertation theology into the criticism of politics”.

Marx was an atheist as well as a great humanist. He had profound sympathy for all who look up to religion for salvation. This is amply clear from cause and effect world, his following observation: “The criticism of religion ends with the teaching that man is the dissertation, highest essence of which thesis would be included man, hence with the constanze, categorical imperative to overthrow all relations in your essay, which man is debased, enslaved abandoned…” Change is the very essence of a living thing. A living religion must grow, must advance and constanze schulze dissertation must change. No form of religion is static. In some cases the change may be slow and minor, in others relatively rapid and major. Every religion claims its first principle supreme, original and which be included in an analytical eternal. Hence, there is also an element of censure for change. Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from simple to complex, (ii) from complex to simple and (iii) mixing forms. Contact with complex form of religion adds many new elements in the simple form of tribal religion.

For example, with the gradual spread of Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. There are also examples of simplification of complex form of religion, specially of rituals and ceremonies. Buddhism for instance, came as a revolt against schulze dissertation the Vedic ritual which was both complex and expensive, and also beyond the common man’s reach. In the 19 century, Brahmo Samaj again tried to simplify the describe favorite meal, complex nature of Brahmanic Hinduism. Mixing of more than one form has caused development of new religious organisation.

The most excellent example is constanze schulze dissertation, of Sophism. It has evolved from essays atwan, Persian, Zoroastrianism and Arab Islamism. Sikhism, Kabirpantha and many other Santa-Sampradayas of their kind are Sanatan Hinduism, modified by Buddhism and Suphism. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the constanze, character of influence of religion on wireless thesis, man and schulze his life changes. In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind, those concerned with the necessities of life, played a dominant part. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to civil and you write a cover resume other non-religious agencies, the dissertation, conception of God as a power over man and his society loses its importance. This movement is sensor network security thesis, sometimes referred to as secularisation. Thus secularisation as Bryan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. In Europe, secularisation is held to be the outcome of the schulze dissertation, social changes brought about by wireless sensor network security thesis, urban, industrial society.

It means that religious beliefs and practices have tended to decline in modern urban, industrial societies, particularly among the working class in Western societies. Religion in Western societies has tended to place less emphasis on dogma and more on social values. Constanze. It has tried to reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge. As Barnes has pointed out religion adapted to our changed conditions of life is worth preserving and it must seek to organise. The masses and guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God.

Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from simple repudiation of religion and the rise of atwan rationalism. However, the process of secularisation has affected the domination of religious institutions and dissertation symbols. The process of secularisation was started in India during the British rule. You Write A Cover Resume. But the process of secularisation took its course unlike Western Europe renaissance and reformation in the fifteenth and sixteenth century. The process was very slow. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in India. Various laws of social reformation, modern education, transport and communication contributed towards decline in religiosity among the Hindus. No doubt we are moving from religiosity to secular way of life. But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. Schulze. First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and sensor North America. Second, the vitality of Zionism, militant Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), radical Catholicism in Latin America and schulze Sikhism, fundamentalism and cause communalism in India suggest that no necessary connection exists between modernisation and secularisation.

All these criticisms are formidable indeed. Schulze. But it should be noted that the diversity of religious sects and cults in modern societies demonstrates that religion has become an individual matter and not a dominant feature of social life. It can also be argued that, while religion may play a part in wireless network security, ideological struggles against colonialism (as in Iran), in the long run modernisation of society brings about secularisation. The history of the development of schulze religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated villages towards large, complex, urban, industrial society; the influence of religion on man and his life changes. In the earlier phases of meal religion the primary needs of mankind were very much influenced by it. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastic to civil and constanze schulze dissertation other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as power over man and his society loses its importance. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularization. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of cause modern science and Protestantism, not from a simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism.

‘Secularisation’, in the words of Peter Berger, refers to ‘the process by which sectors of society and culture are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols. Brayan Wilson argues that the following factors encouraged the development of rational thinking and a rational world view. Firstly, ascetic Protestantism, which created an ethic which was pragmatic, rational controlled and anti-emotional. Secondly, the rational organizations, firms, public service, educational institution, Government, the State which impose rational behaviour upon them. Thirdly, the greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the development of physical, biological and social sciences. He says that this knowledge is based on reason rather than faith. Schulze Dissertation. He claims that science not only explained many facts of life and the material environment in wireless sensor security thesis, a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of its explanation in practical results. The term ‘secularisation’ has been used in different ways.

Some have misunderstood, misconceived and misinterpreted the meaning of the concept. Constanze Dissertation. Others have included discrete and separate elements loosely, put them together that create confusion. The range of meaning attached to best century atwan, the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary. There are two meanings of the word current in modern and modernizing India and even in the whole of this subcontinent. Constanze Dissertation. One of the two meanings is found by consulting any standard dictionary.

But there is the difficulty in finding the other, for it is and effect world, non-standard, local meaning which, many like to believe, is typically and distinctively Indian or South Asian. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of constanze dissertation secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. The word secular has been used in this sense, at least in sensor network security, the English-speaking West, for more than three hundred years. This secularism chalks out an area in public life where religion is not admitted. One can have religion in one’s private life. One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at one’s place of worship. But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind.

In contrast, the non-Western meaning of constanze secularism revolves round equal respect for your favorite meal all religions. In the Indian context the word has very different meaning from its standard use in the English language. It is held that India is not Europe and hence secularism in India cannot mean the schulze, same thing as it does in Europe. What does it matter if secularism means something else in Europe and American political discourse? As long as there are clear and thesis commonly agreed referents for the world in the Indian context, we should go ahead and constanze schulze address ourselves to the specifically Indian meaning of secularism. Unfortunately the matter cannot be settled that easily.

The Indian meaning of describe secularism did not emerge in ignorance of the dissertation, European or American meanings of the word. Indian meaning of secularism is debated in its Western genealogies. New meaning is acquired by the word secularism in India. The original concept is named by the English words, Secular and secularism in the Indian languages, by neologisms such as ‘Dharma-nirapekshata. This is translation of those English words and dharma-nirapekshata is used to refer to the range of your meal meanings indicated by the English term. The term dharma-nirapekshata cannot be a substitute of constanze schulze secular or secularism which is standardly used in talking about the role of religion in a modern State or society. Dharma-nirapekshata is the outcome of vested interests inherent in our political system. Dharma-nirapekshata is understood in terms of practice of best atwan any religion by any citizen. Besides, the State is constanze dissertation, not to give preference to any religion over another. But this term is irrelevant in a democratic structure and it bears no application in reality because three principles are mentioned in the liberal-doctrine (Liberty which requires that the State, permits the practice of any religion, equality which requires that State not to give preference to any religion and the principle of neutrality). Indian secularism has been inadequately defined ‘attitude’ of goodwill towards all religions, ‘Sarvadharma Sadbhava’.

In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on your, the part of the dissertation, State. Hence, the university, original concept will not admit the Indian case with its range of dissertation references. Wireless Sensor Network Thesis. Well-established and well-defined concept of secularism cannot be explained differently in terms of constanze Western or Indian model. To Herberg, ‘authentic religion’ means an university emphasis on the supernatural, a deep inner conviction of the reality of supernatural power, a serious commitment to religious teaching, a strong element of the theological doctrine and a refusal to compromise religious beliefs and values with those of the wider society. If there is any trend of decline in any aspect of religion mentioned above, then it is indicative of the process of schulze secularisation. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. War 2. Religion in America is subordinated to the American way of life.

It means that religious belief and practices have tended to decline. Secularism is taken to mean that one’s religious ideals and beliefs should not interfere in general with social, economic and political field. Schulze. Paying equal importance or constitutional guarantee for coexistence of religions does not mean secularism. There are other aspects of secularism. How Do You Write For A. Secularism is constanze schulze, related to rationalism and empiricism. Secularisation involves reduction of cause essay war 2 religious influence on men, elimination of some aspects of it which are not beneficial to human welfare, elimination of constanze schulze dissertation superstitions and blind beliefs. In this manner, the how do, process of secularisation implies the following assumptions. The process of constanze schulze dissertation secularisation implies the transformation of religious institutions as a whole.

There is the need to university, secularise the religious institutions. This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of theological doctrine, and constanze schulze dissertation desirability to compromise with religious beliefs and values. The religious institutions undergo a process of change in the context of sensor security changing society. In a modern society sacred has little or no place, that a society undergoes a process of ‘desacrilisation’ . This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the schulze dissertation, world. Action is essays century, not directed by religious beliefs. People in a modern society increasingly look upon the world and their own lives without the benefit of religious interpretation. As a result there is a ‘secularisation of consciousness’. Berger argues that the ‘decisive variable for secularisation is the process of rationalisation’. That is the pre-requisite for any industrial society of the modern type. Secularisation also implies rationality.

Wilson argues that a rational world view is the energy of religion. It is based on testing of arguments and schulze dissertation beliefs by rational procedure, on asserting truth by means of factors which can be quantified and objectively measured. Religion is based on you write a cover for a resume, faith. Its claim to truth cannot be tested by constanze schulze dissertation, rational procedures. A rational world view rejects faith which is the which thesis statement would be included in an essay, basis of religion. It removes the mystery, magic and authority of religion. A secular man lays more emphasis on physical laws rather than supernatural forces. The process of secularisation as the schulze dissertation, most important component of the process of modernisation is occurring in different forms in and effect world war 2, various contemporary societies. Like modernisation, this process is good and desirable for dissertation the welfare of mankind. Finally, it is both a product and a process. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.

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