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APA Format Examples, Tips, and essaytyper.com Guidelines. APA format is the official style used by the American Psychological Association and is commonly used in psychology, education, and other social sciences. Check out this gallery of examples, tips, and guidelines for writing papers in APA format. Cover Letter! Your title page should include a running head, page number, article title, author name, and author affiliation. The sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual contained a few changes to the format of an APA style title page. Your title page should contain a running head that is flush left at the top of the page and a page number that is flush right at the top of the page. The title should be at the top half of the page and should be centered between margins. Essaytyper.com Deutsch! Use both upper-case and lower-case letters.
This page should include the title of your paper, your name, and what type literature your school affiliation. The APA suggests that your title is no more than 12 words in length. Avoid using titles or degree info (such as Dr. Essaytyper.com Deutsch! or Ph.D.) before and after your name. What Of Research Design Is A Literature Review! Your title should be a very concise statement of what the reader will find in the paper. In many cases, your title will identify the major variables and the relationships between them. For example, #34;Effect of Sleep Deprivation on deutsch, Math Performance#34; is an example of a succinct title that clearly describes what the paper is about. Police Series 98! The APA style guide also advises writers to avoid phrases such as #34;An Experimental Investigation on. #34; or #34;A Study of. #34;. You should also avoid any extraneous words that do not add meaning to your title. All sources cited in your psychology paper should be included in the reference page. The reference page should appear at the end of your APA paper.
The purpose of this page is to provide a list of sources used in your paper so that the reader can easily look up all of the materials you cited. One of the first rules you should observe on your reference page: If you cited the article in your paper, it must appear in the reference list. Conversely, if a source appears on your reference page, it must be cited somewhere in your paper. Your references should begin on a new page with the title References centered at the very top. Do not underline, italicize or place quotation marks around the References title. Some More Basic Reference Page Rules. Your references should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each source. All references should be double-spaced. Each reference should use a hanging indentation: the first line of the reference should be flush left, but each additional line of the essaytyper.com deutsch reference needs to be indented. In article titles, only the first letter should be capitalized. If a colon appears in the title, the first letter after the colon should also be capitalized.
The title should not be placed in quotations, underlined or italicized. All major words in the title of a journal should be capitalized; i.e. The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Longer works such as books and academic goals journals should appear in italics. In the case where the same author is cited multiple times for different works, start by deutsch, listing these references in chronological order with the oldest reference appearing first and working your way up to the most recent one. Learn more about tales of hoffman natalie APA references: Tables are a great way to display a great deal of information in a concise, clear and easy to read format.
In APA format papers, tables are generally used to describe the results of statistical analysis and other pertinent quantitative data. However, it is important to deutsch, note that tables are not simply used to replicate data that has already been presented in the text of the paper and not all data should be presented in a table. If you have little numeric information to excellent computer cover, present, it should be described in the text of essaytyper.com deutsch your paper. The official APA publication manual recommends designing your table with the reader in tales mind. Strive to communicate data in a way that is clear and easy to understand. Basic Rules for deutsch Tables in APA Format. Of Research Is A Literature Review! All tables should be numbered (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3). Essaytyper.com! Each table should have an individual title, italicized and presented with each word capitalized (except and , in , of , with , etc.). Police Research Paper 98! For example, Correlations Between Age and deutsch Test Scores.
Try to ensure that your title is neither too general nor too specific. Each table should begin on a separate page. Research Paper! Horizontal lines can be used to separate information and make it clearer. Do not use vertical lines in an APA format table. According to the new sixth edition of the APA manual, a table can be either single-spaced or double-spaced. The key is to keep the table readable and essaytyper.com the spacing consistent. All tables should be referenced in the text of the paper.
Tables should be last, after your reference list and appendixes. You should use a font that is large enough to read without magnification Focus on keeping your table concise. Too much extraneous information can overwhelm and confuse the reader. Stick to ece thesis, reporting the most important data. Remember that your table is there to essaytyper.com deutsch, supplement rather than replicate the text of your paper. Do not feel the need to discuss every element of research series paper 98 your table in your text. Deutsch! Instead, mention key highlights and tell the reader what to computer cover, look for in your table. Table headings should be located flush right. Each column should be identified using a descriptive heading.
The first letter of each heading should be capitalized. Abbreviations for standard terms (e.g. M, SD, etc.) can be used without explanation. Uncommon definitions should be explained in deutsch a note below the table. Additional Notes to type of research, an APA Format Table. If additional explanation is needed, a note can be added below the table. There are three kinds of notes: General notes, specific notes, and probability notes.
General notes refer to deutsch, some aspect of the entire table; specific notes refer to a particular column or row; probability notes specify the probability level. Is the table needed to present data or could the data simply be presented in the text? Does the title of your table clearly but briefly explain what it is about? Is the in writing papers spacing consistent throughout the table? Does the body of the paper refer to the table? Is each column of the table clearly labeled? If your paper contains more than one table, are they similar in format and essaytyper.com deutsch presentation? Are any special or uncommon abbreviations explained in academic goals notes? American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
Author: Washington, DC. Journal articles should appear in alphabetical order in essaytyper.com deutsch your APA format reference list. Consult the image below for examples of journal articles in APA format. Capitalize the ece thesis office first word in the title, subtitle, and proper nouns. Italicize the name of the essaytyper.com deutsch publication and type of research literature the volume number. The basic format of deutsch a journal article reference involves listing authors by tales of hoffman natalie, their last names followed by their initials. Next, the publication year is enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period.
The title of the article should then follow, with only the essaytyper.com deutsch first word and any proper nouns capitalized. The title of the examples journal should then follow along with the volume number, both of deutsch which should be italicized, and the page numbers of the excellent computer cover letter article should also be included. Finally, a DOI number should be included if one is available. Referencing electronic sources in APA format requires special style concerns. Electronic References Are Similar to Other References. The basic format of an electronic reference is very similar to that of essaytyper.com any other reference. However, you do need to include the date the reference was retrieved from the Internet as well as the online location of the tales of hoffman natalie dessay document.
As you perform research and essaytyper.com accumulate sources, always be sure to note the date you found a particular source as well as its exact location on skills letter, the Web. Use a Digital Object Identifier When Possible. Because online URLs can change, the APA recommends utilizing a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in your references whenever possible. A DOI is essaytyper.com a unique alphanumeric string that begins with a 10 as well as a prefix (a four digit number assigned to organizations) and a suffix (a number assigned by the publisher). Many publishers will include the DOI on help, the first page of an electronic document.
If a DOI is available, simply include it at essaytyper.com deutsch the end of the reference as follows - doi:10.0000/00000000000.
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Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program - FY18 Notice of Funding Opportunity. Institute of Museum and Library Services. Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program. Notice of Funding Opportunity. Funding Opportunity Number: Catalog of deutsch, Federal Financial Assistance (CFDA) Number: Submit through Grants.gov by 11:59 p.m. U.S. Office. Eastern Time on September 1, 2017, for Preliminary Proposals; January 16, 2018, for deutsch Invited Full Proposals.
Anticipated Date of Notification of Award Decisions: April 2018 (subject to the availability of funds and IMLS discretion) Beginning Date of Period of Performance: Not earlier than May 1, 2018. Projects must begin on series paper, May 1, June 1, or July 1, 2018. IMLS-funded programs do not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age. For further information, email the Civil Rights Officer at CivilRights@imls.gov or write to the Civil Rights Officer, Institute of Museum and Library Services, 955 L’Enfant Plaza North, SW, Suite 4000, Washington, DC, 20024-2135. The Laura Bush 21 st Century Librarian Program (LB21) supports developing a diverse workforce of librarians to better meet the changing learning and information needs of the American public by: enhancing the training and professional development of librarians, developing faculty and library leaders, and recruiting and educating the next generation of librarians. We anticipate two FY18 LB21 funding opportunities, each with two separate deadlines. In addition to the opportunity described in essaytyper.com deutsch this Notice of Funding Opportunity, a separate LB21 funding opportunity is anticipated to be announced in December 2017 with a preliminary proposal application submission due date in February 2018.
Both opportunities are subject to the availability of ece thesis office, funds and IMLS discretion and procedures. A2. What are indicators of successful projects? Indicators (characteristics) of successful projects in the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program are as follows: Broad impact: Your proposal should address key needs, high priority gaps, and challenges that face libraries or archives. It should expand the boundaries within which libraries and deutsch, archives operate, show the potential for far-reaching impact, influence theory and natalie, practice, and build upon current strategic initiatives and agendas in these fields. Advancement of library theory or practice: Your proposal should demonstrate a thorough understanding of current theory or practice and show how the project has the deutsch potential to strengthen and help in writing term papers, improve services to benefit the communities being served. Strategic collaborations: Your proposal is not required to involve partners. However, partnerships can demonstrate a broad need, field-wide buy-in and essaytyper.com, input, access to appropriate expertise, sharing of resources, or sustainability.
A3. What are the IMLS agency-level goals? The mission of the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) is to inspire libraries and museums to advance innovation, lifelong learning, and cultural and civic engagement. We provide leadership through research, policy development, and grant making. U.S. museums and libraries are at the forefront in research paper the movement to create a nation of learners. As stewards of cultural and natural heritage with rich, authentic content, libraries and museums provide learning experiences for essaytyper.com everyone. In FY2018, each award under this program will support one of the following three goals of the IMLS strategic plan, Creating a Nation of excellent cover letter, Learners : IMLS places the learner at the center and supports engaging experiences in essaytyper.com libraries and tales of hoffman, museums that prepare people to be full participants in deutsch their local communities and cover letter, our global society. IMLS promotes museums and libraries as strong community anchors that enhance civic engagement, cultural opportunities, and economic vitality. IMLS supports exemplary stewardship of museum and essaytyper.com deutsch, library collections and promotes the use of tales of hoffman natalie dessay, technology to facilitate discovery of knowledge and cultural heritage. The goals focus on achieving positive public outcomes for communities and individuals; supporting the unique role of museums and libraries in preserving and providing access to collections and content; and deutsch, promoting library, museum, and information service policies that ensure access to information for ece thesis office all Americans.
IMLS places importance on diversity and inclusion. This may be reflected in deutsch a project in a wide range of ways, including efforts to serve: individuals of diverse geographic, cultural, and socioeconomic backgrounds; persons with disabilities; persons with limited functional literacy or information skills; individuals having difficulty using a library or museum; underserved urban and rural communities; and children from families with incomes below the poverty level. This may also be reflected in efforts to recruit future professionals in the library or museum fields as well as strategies in building or enhancing access to collections and information. A4. What are the term funding and project categories and project types? A4a. The funding categories are : National Forum Grant.
Your application must designate one of these four funding categories. You may submit as many applications as you wish; however, the same proposal may not be submitted to IMLS under more than one category. Please note : proposals that address challenges faced by the library and archives fields, but do not focus on deutsch, education and training of of hoffman natalie, librarians, should be submitted to the National Leadership Grants for Libraries program. Planning Grants allow project teams to perform preliminary planning activities, such as analyzing needs and feasibility, solidifying partnerships, developing project work plans, or developing prototypes, or proofs of concept, and pilot studies. Assessing the outcomes of planning activities should be appropriate to deutsch this early stage of work. Of Hoffman Natalie Dessay. Applications are expected to provide a basic framework for planning activities that have the potential to lead to a future project. Planning Grants are for periods of one year. National Forum Grants provide the opportunity to convene qualified groups of experts and key stakeholders, including those from adjacent fields as appropriate, with the purpose of essaytyper.com, fostering discussion and consideration of nationally important professional development and education-related issues among libraries and archives across the nation.
National Forum grant recipients are expected to produce reports for wide dissemination with expert opinions for action or research that address key challenge(s) identified in the proposal. Police Research. Additional mechanisms for deutsch engaging stakeholders and building awareness of the findings are encouraged. National Forum Grants are for periods of one to what type review two years. Project Grants support projects to develop faculty and library leaders, recruit and educate the essaytyper.com deutsch next generation of librarians and archivists, and assist in the professional development of library and archives staff. Ece Thesis. It is essential that projects have clear potential for deutsch broad impact. Projects may scale or further evolve an earlier phase of help in writing, work, but should not simply sustain an existing project.
Project Grants are for periods of one to three years. Doctoral level programs may carry out project activities for essaytyper.com deutsch one to four years. Research Grants involve the computer investigation of essaytyper.com deutsch, key questions important to the library or information science professions. Basic and applied research projects should build upon prior empirical or theoretical work in libraries and archives or other fields, such as anthropology, learning sciences, sociology, etc., as appropriate. Research proposals should include clearly articulated research questions; feature data collection and what of research design literature, analysis methods that help the project team answer their questions; and include dissemination strategies that allow the research team to share broadly the research findings and deutsch, implications of the academic examples findings for libraries and archives.
Proposals for Research Grants may apply to essaytyper.com any of the Project Types listed below: Pre-professional, Master’s-level and Doctoral-level Programs, Early Career Development, and Continuing Education. Office. See Guidance for Research Applications [internal doclet link]. Research Grants are for periods of one to three years . A4b. Deutsch. What are the project categories? The project categories are: National Digital Platform. Your application must designate one of these three project categories. Research Series Paper. You may submit as many applications as you wish; however, the same proposal may not be submitted to essaytyper.com IMLS under more than one category.
Below is detailed information about what is expected in each project category area. Community Anchors : We are interested in projects that will increase the capacity of library and archives professionals to support communities through training, educational opportunities, and research. Projects should improve the ability of natalie dessay, library professionals to essaytyper.com deutsch create meaningful community partnerships and provide programs and services that encourage civic and cultural engagement; foster community dialogue; facilitate lifelong learning; promote digital inclusion; and support economic vitality. Training, educational opportunities, and research in this category may focus on: Developing knowledge, skills, and competencies to identify community opportunities, address community needs, provide community-based programs, establish or deepen strategic relationships, and enhance services that support and engage the community. These may include, but are not limited to: workforce and economic development, civic and digital literacy, early learning, community archiving, and informal STEM education opportunities. Integrating into theory and practice approaches and techniques including, but not limited to: design thinking, data analytics, impact assessment, leadership development, organizational change, learning sciences, asset mapping, and collective impact (see IMLS Community Catalyst and examples, Community Salute Initiatives). Designing and developing new and potentially replicable participatory library programming models that engage communities and essaytyper.com deutsch, provide learning experiences for library users across the lifespan, with focus on underserved communities. Possible audiences might include, but are not limited to, young children and help term, their families/caregivers; tweens and teens; un- and deutsch, underemployed adults; veterans; immigrants and series 98, refugees; people with disabilities; English language learners; and senior citizens. Investigating widespread community and institutional challenges that both inform and are informed by current and evolving library and related practice, feature mutually beneficial relationships between researchers, practitioners, and deutsch, the communities they serve.
Assessment of impact using community-based indicators (both qualitative and quantitative) and draw upon office trends identified in publicly available data. Project findings should be communicated in ways that have the potential to improve library services. National Digital Platform: We are interested in proposals that will increase library and archives professionals’ capacity to essaytyper.com deutsch create, enhance, and deploy the open source software applications used by libraries and archives. Training, educational opportunities, and research may focus on: Planning, implementing, or improving training or education programs for librarians or library students related to the development, implementation, or use of digital library tools and implementation of digital library infrastructure. Assessing the needs for and impact of investments in academic essay examples education and training for open source digital library tools. Essaytyper.com. For example, proposed projects may examine librarians’ education and training needs for coding or other skills, or employers’ desired competencies for digital library professionals; or adoption of existing tools that might support libraries’ engagement in tales natalie dessay Open Educational Resources (OER). Curating Collections: We are interested in essaytyper.com proposals that will increase library and archives professionals’ capacity to create, manage, preserve, and provide access to tales of hoffman digital library collections across the country. Training, educational opportunities, and essaytyper.com deutsch, research may focus on:
Planning for training library school students or library staff on topics related to preservation, conservation, and ece thesis office, access. In particular, training should address the essaytyper.com deutsch stewardship of digital collections and, as appropriate, their synergy with physical collections. Identifying an emerging area of importance for librarian skill development as related to the stewardship of digital collections, and bringing together stakeholders from both inside and 98, outside the library sector to explore the topic. These projects should initiate new partnerships to increase the capacity of librarians to essaytyper.com meet library workforce needs. This may involve working with non-traditional partners from the business or community development sectors. Supporting formal or informal educational programs to increase librarians’ capacity related to the stewardship of digital collections including community based digital archiving. These projects should clearly demonstrate that they build on existing work, are grounded in the needs of a wide range of series paper, libraries and essaytyper.com deutsch, archives, and that they involve a range of partners. Assessing the gaps in, needs for, and ece thesis office, impact of investments in education and training products, services, and networks to support stewardship of digital collections across a range of institutions. Your application must designate one of the following four project types on the Program Information Sheet. The same proposal may not be submitted to IMLS under more than one project type.
Masters-level and essaytyper.com deutsch, Doctoral-level Programs. Early Career Development. Note: If your application has a recruitment component, you should address ways to bring to the profession skills required to enhance library and/or archives services and broaden participation in the library profession, including members of diverse groups and communities. In Writing Term. Projects focused on developing a diverse workforce of deutsch, librarians are encouraged. Pre-Professional proposals support the ece thesis development of essaytyper.com deutsch, a diverse workforce in library and information science by introducing middle school, high school, community college, or undergraduate students to tales of hoffman dessay explore careers in library and information science through statewide, regional, or national recruitment and part-time employment. Mentorship and essaytyper.com, service learning may be key components of projects in this category.
Master’s-level and Doctoral-level Programs: Master’s Programs educate the next generation of librarians and archivists in nationally accredited graduate library programs to meet the evolving needs of the profession and society. Doctoral Programs develop faculty to educate the next generation of library and archives professionals. These programs should develop library and archives leaders to academic essay examples assume positions as managers, administrators, researchers, and faculty. Doctoral-level programs may carry out project activities for up to four years.
See Section A4e for additional eligibility criteria related to this project type. Early Career Development proposals support untenured, tenure-track library and essaytyper.com, information science faculty. Proposed research should be in the faculty member’s own field of inquiry. Early Career Development proposals must be submitted as Research Grants. See Section A.4e for additional eligibility criteria related to this project type. Continuing Education proposals aim to improve the knowledge, skills, and police, abilities of library and archives professionals through formal and informal programs such as: post-master’s programs, residencies, internships, enhanced work experiences, blended learning opportunities including mentorships, online learning modules, and other training programs for professional staff.
A4d. Where can I find additional examples of projects funded by this program? A4e. Are there special eligibility conditions for specific project types? Yes, some project types have special eligibility conditions, as outlined below. Note, all eligible entities may apply, either individually or collaboratively, to the Pre-Professional and Continuing Education project types. Only graduate schools of deutsch, library and information science offering programs of study at the doctoral level are eligible to apply for funding of doctoral level scholarships and fellowships, either individually or collaboratively. Graduate schools of library and information science and graduate schools that provide school library media certification programs are eligible to apply for funds to educate students at goals examples, the master's level only essaytyper.com deutsch if they apply in a collaboration that includes one or more eligible library entities. Any of the ece thesis eligible applicants in the collaboration may serve as the lead applicant.
Projects must have a single project director with no co-project directors. Deutsch. Consultants and students may be included in the project. Only tenure-track, untenured library and information science faculty (by the deadline for submission of Invited Full Proposals) are eligible to serve as project directors. The project director must hold a doctoral degree (by the deadline for help term papers submission of Invited Full Proposals). The project director must have both educational and essaytyper.com, research responsibilities (by the deadline for in writing term submission of Invited Full Proposals). A letter of departmental endorsement, including verification of deutsch, project director eligibility, must be included in the Invited Full Proposal (if invited to submit an Invited Full Proposal). Note that there are also funding restrictions that could affect the eligibility of office, a project; please consult Section D7 below for details. A5. Where can I find the authorizing statute and regulations for this funding opportunity? Statute: 20 U.S.C. § 9101 et seq. ; in particular, § 9165 (Laura Bush 21 st Century Librarian Program grants). Regulations: 45 C.F.R. ch.
XI and essaytyper.com, 2 C.F.R. ch. XXXI. Note: You are required to follow the IMLS regulations that are in effect at the time of the what type of research is a literature review award. Note: The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance on deutsch, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards (Uniform Guidance) can be found at 2 C.F.R. pt. 200.
With certain IMLS-specific additions, IMLS regulations at 2 C.F.R. pt. 3187 formally adopt the essay 2 C.F.R. pt. Essaytyper.com. 200 Uniform Guidance. Total amount of funding expected to be awarded through this announcement. Anticipated number of awards. Expected amounts of individual awards. National Forum Grants. Average amount of funding per award experienced in previous years. Anticipated start dates for new awards.
Not earlier than May 1, 2018. Projects must begin on May 1, June 1, or July 1, 2018. Anticipated period of performance. May 1, 2018–June 30 2022. Office. Project activities may be carried out for one to four years, depending on the type of project (please see section A4a. above). Type of essaytyper.com deutsch, assistance instrument.
The funding in the above Federal Award Information table is subject to the availability of funds and what of research literature, IMLS discretion. IMLS is not bound by any estimates in this announcement. Applications for renewal or supplementation of existing projects are not eligible to compete with applications for new awards. Contingent upon the availability of funds, the quality of deutsch, applications, and IMLS discretion, IMLS may make additional awards from the essay examples list of unfunded applications from this competition. C1. What are the eligibility requirements for this program? To be eligible for LB21, you must be either a unit of State or local government or a private nonprofit organization that has tax-exempt status under the Internal Revenue Code and essaytyper.com deutsch, be located in one of the 50 States of the United States of America, the what type design District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, or the Republic of Palau. In addition, you must be one of the following six types of organizations: A library or a parent organization, such as a school district, a municipality, a State agency, or an academic institution, that is responsible for the administration of a library. Eligible libraries include the following: Public libraries; Public elementary and secondary school libraries; College (including community college) and essaytyper.com deutsch, university libraries; Research libraries and archives that are not an skills letter integral part of an institution of higher education and that make publicly available library services and materials that are suitable for scholarly research and not otherwise available (Research libraries must be under the supervision of at least one permanent professional staff librarian and must be either generally recognized as possessing unique scholarly research materials and services that are made available to essaytyper.com the public, or able to demonstrate that such is the case when submitting an application to IMLS.); Private or special libraries that have been deemed eligible to participate in academic goals essay examples this program by deutsch, the State in natalie dessay which the library is located.
An academic or administrative unit, such as a graduate school of library and information science that is part of an institution of higher education through which it would make application (see below for additional conditions of eligibility that might apply regarding institutions of essaytyper.com, higher education); A digital library, if it makes library materials publicly available and in writing term, provides library services, including selection, organization, description, reference, and preservation, under the deutsch supervision of at least one permanent professional staff librarian; A library agency that is an official agency of a State or other unit of term papers, government and is charged by the law governing it with the extension and development of public library services within its jurisdiction; A library consortium that is a local, statewide, regional, interstate, or international cooperative association of library entities that provides for the systematic and effective coordination of the resources of eligible libraries, as defined above, and information centers that work to improve the services delivered to the clientele of these libraries; A library association that exists on a permanent basis; serves libraries or library professionals on a national, regional, state, or local level; and engages in activities designed to advance the well-being of libraries and the library profession. We recognize the potential for valuable contributions to the overall goals of the deutsch LB21 program by entities that do not meet the eligibility requirements above. Although such entities may not serve as the official applicants, they are encouraged to tales of hoffman natalie participate in deutsch projects. Federally operated libraries and tales natalie, museums may not apply for LB21 grants, but they may participate with applicants. Deutsch. Contact us before submitting a proposal involving a federal agency or federal collection. Non-Federal entities may serve as subrecipients or contractors and may receive IMLS grant funds as a result of the project.
Consult with us about computer skills cover any eligibility questions before submitting an deutsch application. Native American tribal organizations may apply if they otherwise meet the above eligibility requirements. Note: Please consult Section D below to computer cover see if there is any documentation that must be submitted to support an essaytyper.com eligibility determination (for example, proof of private, nonprofit institution status as determined by the Internal Revenue Service). Note that there are also funding restrictions that could affect the eligibility of a project; please consult Section D6 below for details. C2. What are the cost-sharing requirements for this program? Cost sharing is not considered in the review of applications, but is an eligibility criterion for certain LB21 projects, as follows: Cost sharing requirement. No cost share required. National Forum Grants. No cost share required.
Projects requesting $250,000 or more in IMLS funds require 1:1 cost share, excluding student support costs. No cost share required. C3a. How many applications can we submit under this announcement? An applicant organization may submit multiple applications under this announcement.
Individual project directors may be named on multiple applications under this announcement. However, the excellent computer cover same proposal may not be submitted to IMLS under more than one funding category listed in A3a above. Generally, single institutions will receive only 1-2 grants per program during any one cycle. C3b. What if our organization fails to meet an eligibility criterion by the time of the application deadline?
IMLS will not review applications from essaytyper.com deutsch, ineligible applicants. We will notify you if your application will not be reviewed because your institution is determined to be ineligible. C3c. What if our organization fails to meet an academic goals examples eligibility criterion at the time of deutsch, award? IMLS will not make awards to office ineligible applicants. In order to receive an IMLS award, you must be eligible, be in compliance with applicable requirements, and be in good standing on all active IMLS awards. C3d. Additional Eligibility Information. The application process for the LB21 program is a two phase process.
In the first phase (Preliminary Proposal phase), all applicants must submit a two page preliminary proposal by essaytyper.com, the deadline listed above. Selected applicants will be invited to submit full proposals in the second phase of the process (Invited Full Proposal phase). Only invited full proposals will be considered for funding. D. Application and Submission Information. D1.
How can we find the tales natalie dessay application package? This announcement contains all application materials needed to apply. Use one of the following identifiers to locate the application package in Grants.gov: CFDA No. 45.313, or. Funding Opportunity Number: LB21-FY18-1. D1a. Can we request an essaytyper.com audio recording of this announcement? Upon request, we will provide an audio recording of this publication.
Use Teletype (TTY/TDD) (for persons with hearing difficulty): 202-653-4614. D1b. Can we request a paper copy of this announcement? Upon request, we will provide a paper copy of this publication. Of Hoffman Natalie. Call 202-653-4700.
D1c. Essaytyper.com. What content and academic goals essay, form is required to make a complete application? The application process for the LB21 program has two phases. In the first phase, all applicants must submit a two-page preliminary proposal ( Part I: Components of Preliminary Proposals ) by the deadline. Selected applicants will be invited to submit full proposals ( Part II: Components of Invited Full Proposals ) in the second phase of the process. Only invited full proposals will be considered for funding.
D2. What content and form is essaytyper.com, required to make a complete application for Part I (Preliminary Proposal)? Part I: Components of Preliminary Proposals. The Table of Application Components below will help you prepare a complete Preliminary Proposal application. You will find links to more information and instructions for skills letter each application component in the table. Applications missing any Required Documents or Conditionally Required Documents from this list will be considered incomplete and will be rejected from essaytyper.com deutsch, further consideration. D2a. Table of ece thesis, Application Components. How should we format, name, and sequence the application components? Document format : Aside from the SF-424S, which is essaytyper.com deutsch, created in goals examples Grants.gov, all application components must be submitted as PDF documents. Page limits : Note page limits listed in the table above.
We will remove any pages over the limit, and we will not send them to deutsch reviewers as part of your application. Naming convention : Use the naming conventions indicated in the table above. IMPORTANT: You are limited to using the following characters in cover all attachment file names: A-Z, a-z, 0-9, underscore (_), hyphen (-), space, period. If you use any other characters when naming your attachment files, your application will be rejected. Attachment order : In Grants.gov, attach all application components in the sequence listed in the table above. Use all available spaces in essaytyper.com deutsch the “Attachments Form” first. Attach any additional application components using the “Other Attachment File(s)” boxes. Complete applications : Use the table above as a checklist to ensure that you have created and attached all necessary application components. Note: Each document you create must be converted to a PDF before you submit it.
1.The Application for Federal Domestic Assistance/Short Organizational Form (SF-424S) The SF-424S is part of the application package that you download from Grants.gov. Click here for instructions on completing the SF-424S. 2.IMLS Program Information Sheet. Download and complete the IMLS Program Information Sheet (PDF, 1.4 MB). Police Research Series 98. See Appendix One for a copy of the IMLS Program Information Sheet.
3. Preliminary Proposal Narrative. Instructions for preparation are in the next section. D2c. Preliminary Proposal Narrative. A preliminary proposal must be no longer than two pages and should follow the general sections of a full proposal narrative: Statement of Broad Need, Project Design, Diversity Plan, and Broad Impact.
Briefly describe the need for the project and essaytyper.com deutsch, its relevance to a project category, then lay out the project’s proposed work plan and projected impact, including specific performance goals and outcomes. You must conclude the preliminary proposal with a budget summary. The budget summary must include the total anticipated costs of the project, including cost share (if required), and a breakdown of how funds would be allocated. Proposals that do not include this budget paragraph will be rejected without review. Save this document as a PDF. Make sure your organization’s name appears at in writing papers, the top of each page.
Use at least 0.5-inch margins on all sides and a font size of at least twelve points. Include a project title at the top of the first page. In the first few sentences of the Preliminary Proposal, provide a proposal summary that includes the: name of the lead applicant organization; amount of IMLS funds requested and amount of funds provided as cost share (if required); partner organizations; and main question, objective, or anticipated result of the deutsch project. If your proposal is excellent computer skills, selected for funding, the Preliminary Proposal Narrative may be published by IMLS online. As such, it must not include any sensitive proprietary, or confidential information. D2d. Whom should I contact if I have questions while developing my proposal? Prior to submitting a preliminary proposal, applicants are encouraged to contact IMLS program officers who can offer general information about the Notice of Funding Opportunity and the review process. IMLS program officer contact information is essaytyper.com deutsch, available on tales of hoffman, the Laura Bush 21 st Century Librarian program page. D3. What content and form is required to make a complete application for Part II (Invited Full Proposal)?
Part II: Components of Full Proposals. If you are invited to submit a Full Proposal you must submit a complete application by essaytyper.com, 11:59 p.m. Help. U.S. Eastern Time on January 16, 2018. We make grants only to deutsch eligible applicants that submit complete Full Proposal applications through Grants.gov, on ece thesis office, or before this deadline. Complete applications will be accepted only from applicants who have submitted Preliminary Proposals and essaytyper.com deutsch, have been invited to submit a Full Proposal. The Table of excellent skills letter, Application Components below will help you prepare a complete application. You will find links to more information and instructions for each application component in the table.
Applications missing any Required Documents or Conditionally Required Documents from this list will be considered incomplete and will be rejected from further consideration. D3a. Table of Application Components. IMLS PDF document. Conditionally Required Documents. D3b. Essaytyper.com. How should we format, name, and sequence the application components? Document format : Aside from the SF-424S, which is created in Grants.gov, all application components must be submitted as PDF documents. Page limits : Note page limits listed in the table above. We will remove any pages over the limit, and we will not send them to term reviewers as part of your application. Naming convention : Use the naming conventions indicated in the table above.
IMPORTANT: You are limited to using the following characters in deutsch all attachment file names: A-Z, a-z, 0-9, underscore (_), hyphen (-), space, period. If you use any other characters when naming your attachment files, your application may be rejected. Attachment order : In Grants.gov, attach all application components in help in writing term papers the sequence listed in the table above. Use all available spaces in the “Attachments Form” first. Attach any additional application components using the “Other Attachment File(s)” boxes. Complete applications : Use the essaytyper.com table above as a checklist to ensure that you have created and ece thesis, attached all necessary application components. Each document you create must be converted to essaytyper.com deutsch a PDF before you submit it. D3c.
Instructions for Required Documents. 1. The Application for Federal Domestic Assistance/Short Organizational Form (SF-424S) The SF-424S is part of the application package that you download from Grants.gov. Click here for instructions on completing the SF-424S. Write this one-page document and save it as a PDF. Who is the lead applicant and, if applicable, who are the collaborators?
What do you plan to accomplish and why? What is the time frame for natalie dessay the project? What librarian development or recruitment needs will the project address? Who is the intended audience for the activities? What will be the specific project activities, performance goals, outcomes, results, and tangible products? What are the deutsch intended outcomes for audience members in terms of type of research design review, measurable changes in knowledge, attitudes, or behavior? This Abstract may be used for public information purposes, so it should be written for experts as well as a general audience. Deutsch. The Abstract must not include any proprietary, sensitive or confidential information. 3. IMLS Program Information Sheet. Structure your Narrative according to the following outline, using the office four section titles and addressing the bullet points beneath them. Address the sections of the Narrative separately and in essaytyper.com deutsch the same order in which they are listed below.
In each section, be mindful of the characteristics of successful LB21 projects in the areas of broad impact, advancement of tales of hoffman, library theory or practice, and strategic collaborations; refer to Section A2 for more information on indicators of successful projects. Be certain that your Narrative clearly states how it fits into IMLS funding priorities; refer to Section A.3 for essaytyper.com deutsch more information on IMLS agency-level goals. Limit the Narrative to ten single-spaced, numbered pages. Cover Letter. We will remove any pages above the ten-page limit and we will not send them to reviewers as part of your application. Make sure your organization's name appears at the top of each page. Use at least 0.5-inch margins on all sides and a font size of at essaytyper.com, least twelve points. Use Supporting Documents to series paper provide supplementary material. Please be advised that reviewers may also choose to visit your organization's website, as listed on the SF-424S form provided with your application. If your proposed project is selected for essaytyper.com funding, the in writing term papers Full Proposal Narrative may be published by IMLS online. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. As such, it must not include any sensitive, proprietary or confidential information.
Provide a justification for the proposed project as it relates to a field-wide need or challenge. Address the tales natalie following questions: What field-wide need or challenge does your proposal address? Specifically, how will your project address the issues identified in the project category you have selected? Does the deutsch proposal provide evidence of potential for excellent computer cover letter broad significance in the library and archives fields by addressing a need or challenge of interest or concern to the library and archives fields? How well does the proposed project address the goals of the LB21 program and project category? Who will benefit from the project? How have you identified or assessed the challenges or needs of this audience or participants?
Are potential beneficiaries well described and appropriate for this grant program? Is there sufficient evidence that audience or participant challenges or needs have been assessed prior to the development of the proposed work? How does this proposed project differ from, complement, or build upon theory, scholarship, and deutsch, practice in examples this area? Is the proposed work well grounded in current theory, scholarship, and essaytyper.com deutsch, practice? For Early Career Development applicants: describe how this work fits within your long-term research agenda.
For Early Career Development proposals: does the proposed work fit within a broader research agenda or trajectory of work? Provide a description of the proposed work plan. Address the following questions: What are the goals, projected outcomes, and assumptions of your project? Are the computer skills cover goals, projected outcomes, and assumptions clearly stated and essaytyper.com, significant?
Do the goals and outcomes align with the Program Description and agency-level goals in Section A above? What are the potential risks to the project and are they accounted for in the work plan? Do potential risks outweigh potential benefits when considering Federal investment in the proposed project? How is success for computer cover letter the project or activity defined? Does the definition of success address the essaytyper.com need and will the evaluation approach indicate whether or not they achieved success? Who will plan, implement, and help in writing term, manage your project? Do the project team members have the necessary expertise, background, and capacity to essaytyper.com successfully plan, implement, and manage the proposed work? When and in what sequence will activities occur? Will the activities achieve the listed outcomes and goals? Is the schedule of work realistic and achievable?
Is a clear plan described for tracking the project's progress and adjusting course when necessary? If applicable, how will coursework or training content be made available to the specified audience? How will coursework or training content be adapted and disseminated? Is a plan clearly described for of research adapting and disseminating any curriculum, training modules, or other findings? What time, personnel, financial, and other resources will you need to carry out the activities? Are the identified time, personnel, and financial, and other resources appropriate for the scope and scale of the project? How will you track your progress toward achieving projected goals and intended outcomes? How will you include evaluation and performance measurement in your plan?
Are clear methods described for tracking the project's progress and adjusting course when necessary? Are the essaytyper.com proposed evaluation activities and performance measurements appropriate for the project? Will project activities result in informative findings? How and ece thesis office, with whom will you share your project findings? How will results of the project be made available? Is there an effective plan for essaytyper.com deutsch communicating results and sharing findings in papers a manner that has potential for field-wide reach and deutsch, impact? How does the project design allow for paper 98 input, consensus building, and buy-in from others in or outside the field? Are methods or modes of supporting input, consensus building, and buy-in from others thoughtfully considered and addressed by the project team? How are project activities informed by essaytyper.com, appropriate theory and practice? Are the proposed activities well informed by appropriate theory and practice?
If applicable, what are your plans to meet the needs of underserved groups or communities? If applicable, are plans to meet the police series 98 needs of underserved groups or communities clearly articulated and realistic? For Research proposals: What is your research question(s)? Who, if anyone, will help you answer your questions? How? What is your theoretical or conceptual framework? How will you collect data?
What kind of data will you collect? How will you analyze it? If applicable, who are your participants? Describe them. How will you share and translate research findings for practitioners? See also Guidance for Research Applications for further information. Does the essaytyper.com proposal include research questions? If so, are the questions of office, significant interest to the library and deutsch, archives fields?
Are articulated research methods adequate and appropriate to answer the research questions? Is there enough information about potential participants? If not, what information is need? Is the tales natalie dissemination and deutsch, communication plan comprehensive in terms of broad reach to researchers, practitioners and/or other communities of interest? Describe how the project engages diverse communities and series paper 98, their shared experiences, worldviews, and ways of learning. Address the following questions: What are the diverse groups or communities that will be engaged in this project, and how were these populations chosen? Is enough information provided about the groups or communities that will be engaged in the project and essaytyper.com deutsch, how they were chosen? If not, what information is missing?
What are the skills unique needs of the populations that will be engaged in essaytyper.com this project? Does the project team appear to have adequately and tales natalie dessay, appropriately considered and described the needs of the populations to be engaged? How will the proposed project engage diverse or underserved communities? How will the proposed project support the deutsch development of a diverse workforce of librarians and archivists? Does the applicant demonstrate capacity to in writing term engage the identified diverse or underserved communities? Does it appear that the proposed activities will appropriately serve the needs of diverse or underserved communities and work to develop a diverse workforce of essaytyper.com deutsch, librarians and archivists? Does it appear that the communities will be involved at appropriate stages? Are there mechanisms within the plan to achieve the police research paper project outcomes? Describe the deutsch anticipated impact of the computer skills cover letter proposed work. Address the following questions: If applicable, how will the deutsch project build greater skills and abilities in what of research design review the library and essaytyper.com deutsch, archives workforce?
Is the project plan solidly grounded and appropriately structured to achieve the type of research design literature goal of essaytyper.com deutsch, building greater skills in library professionals and meet the needs of today's library and archives workforces? How will your project scale, transform practice, or otherwise lead to systemic change within the institution as well as within the library field? Does the proposal make a compelling case for how it can scale, transform practice, or otherwise lead to systemic change within the institution as well as within the library field? What are the findings or products from what type of research design is a review, this project that will benefit multiple institutions and diverse audiences? Are the project's intended findings or products clearly articulated, appropriate, and essaytyper.com, realistic? Will the proposed project generate results that can extend beyond a single institution to benefit multiple institutions and diverse audiences? How will you ensure products are readily adaptable to other institutions? Does the police research series proposal adequately describe how it will ensure products will be readily adaptable to other institutions?
Referring to the Performance Goal and Performance Measure Statement(s) selected on the Program Information Sheet, how will you collect and essaytyper.com, report the corresponding data? Does the proposal plan to collect performance measurements? What are the benchmarks for the project’s performance measures? How will you measure success with these benchmarks? Does the proposal provide an appropriate plan for measuring success? For Project Grant and Research Grant proposals only: How will you sustain project outputs or resources? Is there a well-grounded and practical plan for sustaining the outputs or resources of the project beyond the conclusion of the help in writing award?
If applicable, does the proposal include plans for preserving and maintaining digital content beyond the essaytyper.com deutsch grant period? If appropriate, how will new or improved workforce skills be measured? If appropriate, are the papers plans to measure new or improved skills compelling? 9. List of Key Project Staff and essaytyper.com, Consultants. Write a one-page list of staff and consultants whose expertise is essential to police research series the success of the project and save it as a PDF. Do not list the entire staff involved in the project.
If you cannot identify key project staff by the application deadline, then list the position title instead. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. This list must include the Project Director listed in tales of hoffman natalie Item 7 of the SF-424S. 10. Resumes of Key Project Staff and Consultants who appear on deutsch, the list above. Provide resumes of no more than two pages each, as a PDF, for every key project staff member and help in writing, key consultant identified on deutsch, the List of Key Project Staff and Consultants described above. If you cannot identify key project staff by the application deadline, then submit position descriptions instead. A position description does not identify a specific individual; it identifies the qualities and range of help term, experience and education necessary to successfully implement and complete project activities. IMLS defines digital products very broadly (digital content, resources, assets, software, or datasets).
You should review all of the questions in the Digital Product form to determine if your proposal contains any digital products. Essaytyper.com. If your application is not creating ANY digital products, please check the box indicating no products at the beginning of the form. If you are creating digital products, you must complete the Digital Product Form by design literature, providing for each section the corresponding information or marking “Not applicable for this project” in each respective section. Essaytyper.com. In any event, your application will be considered incomplete if it does not include a completed Digital Product Form. Click here for Guidance for Projects that Develop Digital Products. D3d. Conditionally Required Documents. If either of the situations below (nonprofit status or federally negotiated indirect cost rate) applies for your proposal, you must submit the what of research design review appropriate documents.
Failure to provide a conditionally required document will result in your application being considered incomplete and essaytyper.com deutsch, rejected from further consideration. If you are applying as a private, nonprofit institution, you must submit a copy of the letter from the Internal Revenue Service indicating your eligibility for ece thesis nonprofit status under the essaytyper.com deutsch applicable provision of the office Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended. We will not accept a letter of state sales tax exemption as proof of nonprofit status. Deutsch. Final Federally Negotiated Indirect Cost Rate. If your project budget includes a federally negotiated indirect cost rate, then you must submit a current copy of your Final Federally Negotiated Indirect Cost Rate Agreement. Note: If you are eligible for and are choosing the of hoffman natalie option of claiming an indirect cost rate of deutsch, 10 percent of modified total direct costs (see 2 C.F.R. part 200, including 2 C.F.R. sections 200.68, 200.414(f), and 200.510(b)(6)), you do not need to provide any documentation. Click here for further information on police research series, indirect costs.
You may submit other attachments of essaytyper.com deutsch, your choosing as part of your application package, but these attachments should include only information that will supplement the application. They should help IMLS staff and reviewers envision your project, but they should not be used to answer Narrative questions. Academic. You may wish to consider the essaytyper.com following: Letters of commitment from any third party that will receive grant funds or from entities that will contribute substantive funds to the completion of project activities. Letters of excellent, commitment from partners or other groups who will work closely with you on your project.
Bibliography or references relevant to your proposed project design or evaluation strategy. Letters of support from experts and stakeholders. Position descriptions for project staff (if not included with resumes for essaytyper.com key personnel) to be supported by grant or cost share funds. Reports from planning activities. Products or evaluations from previously completed or ongoing projects of a similar nature. Collections, technology, or other departmental plans for the organization as applicable to the proposed project. Web links to relevant online materials. D4. What are the office registration requirements for submitting an application? Before submitting an essaytyper.com application, your organization must have a current and type of research design is a review, active D-U-N-S® number (a unique entity identifier), System for Award Management (SAM.gov) registration, and Grants.gov registration.
Check your materials and registrations well in deutsch advance of the application deadline to ensure that they are accurate, current, and active. If your D-U-N-S® number and SAM.gov registration are not active and current at office, the time of submission, your application will be rejected; if they are not active and current at the time an award is made, we may determine that you are not qualified to receive an award and use that determination as a basis for making an award to another applicant. D4a. What is a D-U-N-S ® number and how do we get one? A D-U-N-S® number is a unique nine-digit number assigned to all types of deutsch, business organizations, including nonprofits and ece thesis office, government entities. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. Click here to learn more about getting a D-U-N-S® number. D4b. What is the System for Award Management (SAM.gov) and how do we register?
SAM.gov is the official U.S. government system that consolidated the excellent computer skills cover letter capabilities of essaytyper.com, previous registration systems such as CCR/FedReg, ORCA, and EPLS. Series 98. There is no fee to deutsch register with SAM.gov. Click here to learn more about SAM.gov registration. D4c. What is excellent computer skills cover letter, Grants.gov and how do we register? Grants.gov is the centralized location for grant seekers to find and apply for Federal funding opportunities. You must submit your application through Grants.gov. You must register with Grants.gov prior to submitting your application package.
The multi-step registration process generally cannot be completed in a single day. If you are not already registered, you should allow at least two weeks to complete this one-time process. Do not wait until the day of the essaytyper.com deutsch application deadline to register. You do not need to complete the registration process to download the term papers application package and begin to prepare your materials. However, you will need your Grants.gov user ID and essaytyper.com deutsch, password that you obtain during the registration process to submit your application when it is complete. D5. When and how must we submit our application? You must submit your application through Grants.gov. Do not submit through email to police series IMLS.
For the Laura Bush 21 st Century Librarian Program, Grants.gov will accept applications through 11:59 p.m. U.S. Eastern Time on deutsch, September 1, 2017, for preliminary proposals; January 16, 2018, for invited, full proposals. We strongly recommend that you obtain a D-U-N-S® number, register with SAM.gov and Grants.gov, and complete and submit the application early. We make grants only to eligible applicants that submit complete applications, including attachments, through Grants.gov, on or before the deadline, as indicated by the date stamp generated by Grants.gov. Contact Grants.gov or call their help line at 1-800-518-4726 for assistance with hardware and software issues, registration issues, and technical problems.
The help line is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, except for federal holidays. D5a. Office. What happens after we submit our application through Grants.gov? Within two business days of receiving your submission, Grants.gov will generate two emails regarding the essaytyper.com deutsch progress of your application through the system. The first email will confirm receipt of your application by the Grants.gov system and the second will indicate that the help term papers application has either been successfully validated by the system prior to transmission to the grantor agency (IMLS) or has been rejected due to errors. After the official grant program deadline, you will receive a third email confirming that IMLS has retrieved your application.
Until that point, you can check the status of essaytyper.com, your application(s) in Grants.gov by using the “Track My Application” feature. For further details, please consult Grants.gov. D6. Computer Skills Cover. Is there an intergovernmental review? No. This funding opportunity is not subject to intergovernmental review per Exec. Order No. 12,372. D7. Are there funding restrictions?
You may only use IMLS funds, and your cost sharing, for deutsch allowable costs as found in IMLS and OMB government-wide cost-principle rules. Tales Natalie Dessay. Please consult 2 C.F.R. pt. 200 and 2 C.F.R. pt. 3187 for additional guidance on deutsch, allowable costs. The following list includes some examples of generally allowable costs, both for IMLS funds and for cost share (if applicable), under this announcement: tuition and fees; course buyouts, summer session salary; project personnel (contract or in-house) whose time is necessary for the proper and efficient execution of the project; project consultants and their travel; workshops, conference attendance, and other professional development activities; educational materials, staff time, and supplies for sharing the impact of the activities; evaluation to show the what review extent to essaytyper.com which the project has met its goals; publication of articles in open access journals; preservation of digital assets; and. indirect or overhead costs. You must explain all proposed expenses in your Budget Justification. The following list includes some examples of unallowable costs, both for IMLS funds and for cost share (if applicable), under this announcement: general fundraising costs, such as development office staff or other staff time devoted to general fundraising; general operating support; acquisition of academic, collections (no costs are allowed for the purchase of any object to be included in the collection of a museum, except library, literary, or archival material specifically required for deutsch a designated activity under a Federal award under the Museum and Library Services Act, Pub. L. 104-208 (20 U.S.C. 9101-9176), as amended); general advertising or public relations costs designed solely for promotional activities other than those related to the specific project; construction or renovation of facilities (generally, any activity involving the construction trades is not an allowable cost.); contributions to endowments; social activities, ceremonies, receptions, or entertainment; and.
Note: If you have questions about review whether specific activities are allowable, call IMLS staff for guidance. D7a. How do we include costs for third parties? It is your responsibility to determine whether each agreement you make for the disbursement of federal program funds to third parties casts the party receiving the funds in the role of a subrecipient or a contractor. Familiar terms for third parties can include partners, consultants, subgrantees, collaborators, vendors, or service providers. (See 2 C.F.R. § 200.330 (Subrecipient and contractor determinations).) IMLS grant funds may not be provided to deutsch any federal agency serving as a third party. D7b. What are our options for including indirect costs in in writing our budget? You can choose to: use a rate not to exceed your current indirect cost rate already negotiated with a federal agency; use an indirect cost rate proposed to a federal agency for negotiation, but not yet finalized, as long as it is deutsch, finalized by computer skills letter, the time of the award; use a rate not to exceed 10% of the essaytyper.com total modified direct costs if you have never had a federally negotiated indirect cost rate and you are otherwise eligible; or. not include any indirect costs.
Reviewers are instructed to evaluate applications according to the review criteria included within the Narrative instructions in Section D.2 of this document. Reviewers consider all Required and Conditionally Required, and Supporting Documents, as listed in Section D.2. E1a. Is cost sharing considered in the review process? Cost sharing is an eligibility criterion and ece thesis, is not considered in the review of applications. Essaytyper.com. Cost sharing is essay examples, not required for essaytyper.com Research Grants. Cost sharing requirements for this grant program are addressed in Section C.2. E2. What is the review and natalie, selection process?
We use a peer review process to essaytyper.com evaluate all eligible and complete applications. Reviewers are professionals in the field with relevant knowledge and expertise in the types of project activities identified in the applications. We instruct reviewers to excellent computer skills evaluate applications according to the review criteria. Reviewer conflicts of interest are identified prior to review, and it is intended that reviewers who may have conflicts with particular applications are reassigned to review other applications. The Director takes into account the input provided by the review process and makes final funding decisions consistent with the deutsch purposes of the agency’s mission and programs.
E3. What is the designated integrity and performance system and how does IMLS comply with its requirements? IMLS, prior to office making a Federal award with a total amount of Federal share greater than the simplified acquisition threshold (currently $150,000 but periodically adjusted), is required to review and consider any information about the applicant that is in the designated integrity and performance system accessible through SAM (currently FAPIIS) (see 41 U.S.C. § 2313); An applicant, at its option, may review information in the designated integrity and performance systems accessible through SAM and comment on any information about itself that a Federal awarding agency previously entered and is currently in the designated integrity and performance system accessible through SAM; IMLS will consider any comments by the applicant, in addition to the other information in deutsch the designated integrity and type of research design is a, performance system, in making a judgment about the essaytyper.com applicant’s integrity, business ethics, and record of performance under Federal awards when completing the review of risk posed by applicants as described in academic 2 C.F.R. § 200.205 (Federal awarding agency review of risk posed by applicants).
E4. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. When will we be notified of type of research is a literature, funding decisions? We will not release information about the status of an application until the applications have been reviewed and all deliberations are concluded. We expect to notify both successful and unsuccessful applicants of the essaytyper.com deutsch final decisions by April 2018. F. Award Administration Information. F1. How will we be notified of funding decisions? We will notify both successful and unsuccessful applicants of funding decisions by email. For applicants who receive awards, the award packet will be sent to the Project Director, Primary Contact/Grants Administrator, and of hoffman, Authorized Representative/Authorizing Official (as identified on essaytyper.com, the SF-424S).
The award packet will contain the following: cover letter; Official Award Notification for Grants and Cooperative Agreements (the authorizing document for the award); links to the General Terms and Conditions for IMLS Discretionary Grant and Cooperative Agreement Awards, reporting forms, and the Grantee Communications Kit; and reviewer comments. Your period of performance will be included on your Official Award Notification for Grants and Cooperative Agreements. The award period of performance begins on the first day of the month in which project activities start and ends on the last day of the month in which these activities are completed. Office. Funded projects may not begin earlier than May 1, 2018, and not later than July 1, 2018. For applicants who do not receive awards, the Project Director, Primary Contact/Grants Administrator, and Authorized Representative/Authorizing Official (as identified on the SF-424S) will receive the following: cover letter; and. F2.
What are the administrative and essaytyper.com deutsch, national policy requirements? Organizations that receive IMLS grants or cooperative agreements are subject to the IMLS General Terms and academic essay, Conditions for IMLS Discretionary Grant and Cooperative Agreement Awards and the IMLS Assurances and Certifications. Organizations that receive IMLS funding must be familiar with these requirements and comply with applicable law. As an applicant for Federal funds, you must certify that you are responsible for deutsch complying with certain nondiscrimination, debarment and suspension, drug-free workplace, and lobbying laws. Goals Essay. These are set out in more detail, along with other requirements, in the Assurances and Certifications. By signing the application form, which includes the Assurances and Certifications, you certify that you are in compliance with these requirements and that you will maintain records and submit any reports that are necessary to ensure compliance. Your failure to comply with these statutory and regulatory requirements may result in the suspension or termination of your award and essaytyper.com, require you to return funds to goals the government. F3. What are the reporting requirements? At a minimum, you will be required to submit a performance report and financial report annually. Deutsch. Reports are due according to the reporting schedule that is part of your Official Award Notification for Grants and Cooperative Agreements.
Grantees must submit reports electronically using the IMLS performance and financial report forms. In support of the agency’s commitment to what type of research is a open government, interim and final performance reports may be made accessible on the IMLS website to engage the public. For details and essaytyper.com, forms, please see the of hoffman Manage Your Award: Administration page on the IMLS website. You must also comply with 2 C.F.R. §§ 180.335 and 180.350 and 2 C.F.R. pt. 3185 with respect to essaytyper.com deutsch providing information regarding all debarment, suspension, and related offenses information, as applicable. F3a. Ece Thesis Office. What do we need to know if the Federal share of essaytyper.com deutsch, our award is office, more than $500,000 over the period of deutsch, performance? If the Federal share of your award is more than $500,000 over office the period of essaytyper.com, performance, you should refer to the post-award reporting requirements reflected in 2 C.F.R. pt. 200, Appendix XII – Award Term and Condition for Recipient Integrity and Performance Matters.
G1. Who should we contact if we have questions? Click here for IMLS staff contact information for what of research design this program [external link to appropriate program landing page]. IMLS staff are available by phone and email to answer programmatic and administrative questions relating to this grant program. Contact Grants.gov or call their help line at 1-800-518-4726 for assistance with hardware and software issues, registration issues, and technical problems. G2. How can we participate in a webinar for this IMLS funding opportunity? H1. What do we need to know about acknowledging IMLS support? Grantees must include an acknowledgement of IMLS support in deutsch all grant products, publications, websites, and presentations developed with IMLS funding.
All work products should reference IMLS and what type is a, include the associated grant award numbers. Click here for the Grantee Communications Kit, which provides guidance for fulfilling these requirements. H2. What should we do if we are including confidential or proprietary information in essaytyper.com deutsch our application? IMLS may share grant applications, work products, and reports with grantees, potential grantees, and the general public to further the computer mission of the essaytyper.com agency and the development of museum, library, and information services. Excellent Computer Cover. These materials may be disseminated broadly and made available in essaytyper.com deutsch a variety of ways and cover letter, formats.
For the above reasons, you should not include in essaytyper.com your application any information that you consider to be confidential or proprietary. However, if you do decide to provide information that you consider confidential or proprietary, you must clearly identify it as such. IMLS will handle confidential and proprietary information in accordance with applicable law (e.g., Freedom of Information Act [FOIA], Privacy Act). H3. What do we need to ece thesis know about deutsch sharing and copyright of IMLS-supported work products and managing digital products?
Read more about sharing and copyright of IMLS-supported work products and management of series paper, digital products (including research data and other digital content) produced with IMLS support. H4. What conflict of interest requirements must we follow? As a non-federal entity, you must follow IMLS conflict of interest policies for essaytyper.com deutsch federal awards. Click here for more information about IMLS conflict of interest requirements. H5. Where else can we find additional information about IMLS? You can check the office IMLS website for information on IMLS and IMLS activities. H6. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. Is IMLS obligated to make an award as a result of this announcement? IMLS is not obligated to make any Federal award or commitment as a result of this announcement.
H7. How can I become a peer reviewer? If you are interested in serving as a peer reviewer, you may enter your contact information, identify your experience and expertise, and upload your resume through our online reviewer application at www.imls.gov/grants/become-reviewer. If you are identified as a potential reviewer, we will notify you by email prior to the next review period to confirm your availability. H8. Examples. How long should it take us to complete an application? Complete applications include the elements listed in the Table of Application Components in Section D. We estimate the average amount of time needed for essaytyper.com deutsch one applicant to in writing term complete the Narrative portion of this application to be 40 hours. This includes the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and writing and reviewing the deutsch answers. We estimate that it will take you an average of 15 minutes per papers response for the IMLS Program Information Sheet and three hours per response for deutsch the IMLS Budget Form. We estimate that it will take you an average of 60 minutes per response for what design literature the Digital Product Form. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to the Institute of Museum and Library Services at 955 L’Enfant Plaza North, SW, Suite 4000, Washington, DC, 20024-2135, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (3137-0091), Washington, DC, 20503.
IMLS-CLR-D-0020, Expiration date: 7/31/2018. OMB Control #: 3137-0091, Expiration date: 7/31/2018. Appendix One - IMLS Assurances and Certifications. As a Federal agency, IMLS is deutsch, required to obtain from police research paper, all applicants certifications, including those regarding Nondiscrimination, Debarment and Suspension, Federal Debt Status, and Drug-Free Workplace. Deutsch. Applicants requesting more than $100,000 in grant funds must also certify regarding lobbying activities and may be required to submit a “Disclosure of Lobbying Activities” form (Standard Form LLL). Some applicants will be required to certify that they will comply with other federal statutes that pertain to their particular situation. These requirements are incorporated in the Assurances Statement below. The authorized representative must review the statement and provide the certification in in writing term item 9 on the SF-424S. By signing the deutsch application form, the academic goals essay authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, assures and certifies that, should a Federal award be made, the applicant will comply with the statutes outlined below and all related IMLS regulations (for example, see 2 C.F.R. ch. XXXI and deutsch, 45 C.F.R. ch. XI).
These assurances are given in connection with any and all financial assistance from IMLS after the date this form is signed, but may include payments after this date for ece thesis financial assistance approved prior to this date. Deutsch. These assurances shall obligate the in writing applicant for the period during which the federal financial assistance is extended. The applicant recognizes and agrees that any such assistance will be extended in reliance on the representations and agreements made in essaytyper.com these assurances, and that the United States Government has the right to seek judicial enforcement of these assurances, which are binding on the applicant, its successors, transferees, and assignees, and on of research design is a review, the authorized representative whose signature appears on the application form. Certifications Required of All Applicants. Financial, Administrative, and Legal Accountability. The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies that the deutsch applicant has legal authority to of research design literature apply for federal assistance and the institutional, managerial, and financial capability (including funds sufficient to pay the non-federal share of project costs) to ensure proper planning, management, reporting, recordkeeping, and deutsch, completion of the project described in this application. The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies that the applicant will cause to be performed the what type of research design is a literature required financial and compliance audits in accordance with applicable law. The authorized representative, on deutsch, behalf of the applicant, certifies that the applicant will comply with the ece thesis office provisions of applicable OMB Circulars and regulations.
The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies that the applicant will comply with the following nondiscrimination statutes and their implementing regulations: Title VI of the essaytyper.com Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 U.S.C. § 2000 et seq. ), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin (note: as clarified by Exec. Order No. 13,166, the applicant must take reasonable steps to ensure that limited English proficient (LEP) persons have meaningful access to the applicant’s programs (see IMLS guidance at 68 Federal Register 17679, April 10, 2003)); Section 504 of the in writing papers Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 U.S.C. Essaytyper.com. § 701 et seq. , including § 794), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability (note: IMLS applies the regulations in 45 C.F.R. pt. 1170 in determining compliance with section 504 as it applies to recipients of federal assistance); Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, as amended (20 U.S.C. §§ 1681–1683, §§ 1685–1686), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of of hoffman dessay, sex in essaytyper.com deutsch education programs; the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1975, as amended (42 U.S.C. § 6101 et seq. What Type Design Literature Review. ), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of age; and the requirements of any other nondiscrimination statute(s) which may apply to the application. Debarment and Suspension. The applicant shall comply with 2 C.F.R. pt. 3185 and 2 C.F.R. pt.
180, as applicable. Essaytyper.com. The authorized representative, on office, behalf of the applicant, certifies to the best of deutsch, his or her knowledge and belief that neither the applicant nor any of its principals: are presently excluded or disqualified; have been convicted within the academic preceding three years of essaytyper.com, any of the offenses listed in 2 C.F.R. § 180.800(a) or had a civil judgment rendered against it or them for of hoffman natalie one of essaytyper.com, those offenses within that time period; are presently indicted for or otherwise criminally or civilly charged by a governmental entity (federal, state, or local) with commission of any of the offenses listed in 2 C.F.R. Help In Writing Term. § 180.800(a); or have had one or more public transactions (federal, state, or local) terminated within the preceding three years for essaytyper.com cause or default. Where the of hoffman applicant is essaytyper.com, unable to certify to any of the statements in this certification, he or she shall attach an goals examples explanation to this application. The applicant, as a primary tier participant, is required to comply with 2 C.F.R. pt. 180 subpart C (Responsibilities of Participants Regarding Transactions Doing Business with Other Persons) as a condition of essaytyper.com, participation in the award. The applicant is goals examples, also required to communicate the requirement to essaytyper.com deutsch comply with 2 C.F.R. pt. Help Term. 180 subpart C (Responsibilities of Participants Regarding Transactions Doing Business with Other Persons) to persons at the next lower tier with whom the applicant enters into covered transactions. As noted in essaytyper.com the preceding paragraph, applicants who plan to use IMLS awards to fund contracts should be aware that they must comply with the help communication and essaytyper.com, verification requirements set forth in the above Debarment and Suspension provisions. The authorized representative, on behalf of the review applicant, certifies to the best of essaytyper.com, his or her knowledge and academic goals essay examples, belief that the applicant is essaytyper.com, not delinquent in police series 98 the repayment of any federal debt. The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies, as a condition of the award, that the applicant will or will continue to provide a drug-free workplace by complying with the requirements in 2 C.F.R. pt. 3186 (Requirements for Drug-Free Workplace (Financial Assistance)).
In particular, you as the recipient must comply with drug-free workplace requirements in subpart B (or subpart C, if the essaytyper.com deutsch recipient is an individual) of 2 C.F.R. pt. 3186, which adopts the Government wide implementation (2 C.F.R. pt. 182) of ece thesis office, sec. 5152-5158 of the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 (Pub. L. 100-690, Title V, Subtitle D; 41 U.S.C. §§ 701–707). This includes, but is not limited to: making a good faith effort, on essaytyper.com deutsch, a continuing basis, to maintain a drug-free workplace; publishing a drug-free workplace statement; establishing a drug-free awareness program for your employees; taking actions concerning employees who are convicted of violating drug statutes in the workplace; and identifying (either at the time of application or upon award, or in documents you keep on file in your offices) all known workplaces under your federal awards. The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies, as a condition of the award, that the applicant will comply with the trafficking in 98 persons requirements that are set out in the General Terms and essaytyper.com, Conditions for IMLS Discretionary Awards (2 C.F.R. 175.15 Award Term.). Certification Regarding Lobbying Activities. (Applies to Applicants Requesting Funds in Excess of $100,000) (31 U.S.C. § 1352) The authorized representative certifies, to the best of tales of hoffman, his or her knowledge and belief, that: (a) No federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid, by essaytyper.com deutsch, or on behalf of the authorized representative, to any person for influencing or attempting to influence an officer or employee of an agency, a Member of skills, Congress, an officer or employee of Congress, or an deutsch employee of a Member of Congress in connection with the awarding of any federal contract, the making of any federal grant, the making of any federal loan, the entering into of any cooperative agreement, and the extension, continuation, renewal, amendment, or modification of any federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement.
(b) If any funds other than federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid to any person (other than a regularly employed officer or employee of the applicant, as provided in 31 U.S.C. § 1352) for influencing or attempting to influence an officer or employee of any agency, a Member of Congress, an tales natalie officer or employee of Congress, or an employee of a Member of Congress in connection with this federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement, the deutsch authorized representative shall complete and submit Standard Form LLL, “Disclosure of Lobbying Activities,” in accordance with its instructions. (c) The authorized representative shall require that the language of of hoffman natalie, this certification be included in the award documents for all subawards at all tiers (including subcontracts and deutsch, contracts under grants, loans, and cooperative agreements) and that all subrecipients shall certify and disclose accordingly. This certification is a material representation of fact upon which reliance is placed when the transaction is of hoffman dessay, made or entered into. Submission of this certification is a prerequisite for making or entering into the transaction imposed by section 1352, title 31, U.S. Code. Any person who fails to file the required certification shall be subject to a civil penalty of essaytyper.com deutsch, not less than $10,000 and not more than $100,000 for in writing papers each such failure.
The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies that the applicant will comply with all applicable requirements of all other federal laws, executive orders, regulations, and policies governing the essaytyper.com program. Certifications Required for Certain Projects. The following certifications are required if applicable to the project for which an application is being submitted. Applicants should be aware that additional federal certifications, not listed below, might apply to goals essay a particular project. Under IMLS regulations at 2 C.F.R. § 3187.14, a recipient may not make a subaward unless expressly authorized by IMLS. A recipient may contract for supplies, equipment, and services, subject to applicable law, including but not limited to applicable Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards set forth in 2 C.F.R. pt. 200. Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects. The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies that the applicant will comply with the provisions of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990 (25 U.S.C. § 3001 et seq. Essaytyper.com. ), which applies to any organization that controls or possesses Native American human remains and ece thesis, associated funerary objects, and which receives federal funding, even for a purpose unrelated to the Act. The authorized representative, on essaytyper.com, behalf of the applicant, certifies that the applicant will assist the awarding agency in ensuring compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended (16 U.S.C. § 470f, see 54 U.S.C. § 306108), Exec.
Order No. 11,593, and the Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. Design Literature. § 469 et seq. , see 54 U.S.C. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. § 501502 et seq. ). The authorized representative, on tales of hoffman dessay, behalf of the applicant, certifies that the project will comply with environmental standards, including the following: institution of environmental quality control measures under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as amended (42 U.S.C. Deutsch. § 4321 et seq. ) and ece thesis office, Exec. Order No. 11,514; notification of violating facilities pursuant to Exec. Deutsch. Order No. 11,738; protection of paper 98, wetlands pursuant to deutsch Exec. Order No. 11,990, as amended by Exec.
Order No. 12,608; evaluation of flood hazards in floodplains in what is a literature accordance with Exec. Order No. 11,988, as amended; assurance of project consistency with the approved state management program developed under the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended (16 U.S.C. § 1451 et seq. ); conformity of federal actions to essaytyper.com deutsch State (Clean Air) Implementation Plans under section 176(c) of the Clean Air Act of 1955, as amended (42 U.S.C. § 7401 et seq. ); protection of ece thesis office, underground sources of drinking water under the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974, as amended (42 U.S.C. § 300f et seq. Essaytyper.com. ); and protection of endangered species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. § 1531–1543). The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies that the project will comply with the Wild and is a literature, Scenic Rivers Act of essaytyper.com deutsch, 1968, as amended (16 U.S.C. § 1271 et seq. ), related to protecting components or potential components of the national wild and scenic rivers system. The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies that the applicant will comply with the ece thesis flood insurance purchase requirements of the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, as amended (42 U.S.C. § 4001 et seq. ), which requires recipients in a special flood hazard area to participate in the program and to purchase flood insurance if the total cost of insurable construction and essaytyper.com deutsch, acquisition is $10,000 or more, or as otherwise designated. Research on goals examples, Human Subjects. The authorized representative, on behalf of the essaytyper.com deutsch applicant, certifies that the project will comply with 45 C.F.R. pt.
46 regarding the protection of human subjects involved in research, development, and excellent skills, related activities supported by this award of assistance. Research on Animal Subjects. The authorized representative, on behalf of the applicant, certifies that the deutsch project will comply with the ece thesis Laboratory Animal Welfare Act of 1966, as amended (7 U.S.C. § 2131 et seq. ) pertaining to the care, handling, and treatment of warm-blooded animals held for research, teaching, or other activities supported by this award of essaytyper.com, assistance. For further information on these certifications, contact IMLS, 955 L’Enfant Plaza North, SW, Suite 4000, Washington, DC, 20024-2135. Or call 202/653-IMLS (4657). Appendix Two – Required Federal Systems. All non-federal entities are required to have a Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (D-U-N-S®) number (a unique entity identifier) in order to ece thesis apply for, receive, and essaytyper.com deutsch, report on federal awards. You should verify that your organization has a D-U-N-S® number. You can get one within two business days at no cost by calling the dedicated toll-free D-U-N-S® number request line at 1-866-705-5711 or by visiting www.dnb.com/get-a-duns-number/html.
The System for Award Management (SAM) is a federal repository that centralizes information about computer letter grant applicants and essaytyper.com, recipients. You must be registered with SAM.gov before you register with Grants.gov. Click here to find information about registering with SAM.gov. We recommend that you allow at least two weeks to complete your SAM.gov registration. You must renew your registration in SAM.gov at least every 12 months—and sooner, if your information changes.
An expired registration will prevent you from submitting applications via Grants.gov and receiving awards or payments. Grant payments will be made to the bank account that is associated with your SAM.gov registration. You must register with Grants.gov before submitting your application to IMLS. Click here to learn more about the multistep registration process. Make sure your D-U-N-S® number and help, SAM.gov registration are accurate, current, and active. We recommend that you allow at least two weeks to complete your Grants.gov registration. Click here to learn more about Grants.gov resources, which include checklists, FAQs, and online tutorials to essaytyper.com assist you in preparing your organization to submit applications. Designate more than one Authorized Organization Representative (AOR) when you register in Grants.gov. This will help avoid last-minute crises in the event that your one AOR is unavailable when you are ready to submit your application.
Update the contact information and literature review, password in Grants.gov when the AOR at essaytyper.com deutsch, your organization changes. Grants.gov offers online support regarding Adobe® software and browser compatibility. Contact the Grants.gov help line (1-800-518-4726) for assistance with hardware and software issues, registration issues, and technical problems. The help line is dessay, available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, except for federal holidays. Appendix Three - Performance Measure Statements and Information to be Collected and Reported for Learning and Community Projects. On the essaytyper.com deutsch IMLS Program Information Sheet, you selected an what type of research design is a literature IMLS agency-level goal of Learning or Community or Content and essaytyper.com, Collections with which your project best aligns. You also selected at least one performance goal that reflects a measurable change or outcome that you intend for your project to achieve. Below is a list of pre-determined performance measure statements that will help IMLS document the collective achievements of the Learning and computer letter, Community projects we fund. IMPORTANT: You will be required to provide specific information directly relating to these performance measure statement(s) in your Final Performance Report. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. You may design and administer a more elaborate survey than what will be required to gather this specific information. These information-gathering activities must be incorporated into your application narrative, your work plan, your schedule of completion, and your budget, as necessary.
IMLS Agency-Level Goal 1: Learning. Performance Measure Statement. Information You Will Be Expected to Report. Survey Respondent: Program/Project Participants. Data to be Collected. Train and develop museum and library professionals.
My understanding has increased as a result of in writing, this program/training: Neither Agree, nor Disagree. Number of participants Number of essaytyper.com, total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. My interest in this subject has increased as a result of this program/training: Neither Agree, nor Disagree. Number of participants Number of series paper 98, total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. I am confident I can apply what I learned in this program/training:
Neither Agree, Nor Disagree. Number of participants Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. Support communities of practice. My understanding has increased as a result of this program/training: Neither Agree, Nor Disagree. Number of participants Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. My interest in this subject has increased as a result of this program/training: Neither Agree, Nor Disagree. Number of deutsch, participants Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. I am confident I can apply what I learned in what type design is a this program/training: Neither Agree, Nor Disagree.
Number of deutsch, participants Number of help term papers, total responses Number of deutsch, responses per answer option Number of police series paper, non-responses. Develop and provide inclusive and accessible learning opportunities. My understanding has increased as a result of this program/training: Neither Agree, Nor Disagree. Number of participants Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. My interest in this subject has increased as a result of this program/training: Neither Agree, Nor Disagree. Number of participants Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. IMLS Agency-Level Goal 2: Community.
Performance Measure Statement. Information to deutsch be Collected and Reported. Survey Respondent: Grantee. Data to series 98 be Collected. Strengthen museums and libraries as essential partners in addressing the needs of their communities.
My organization is better prepared to provide a program or service that addresses community needs. Neither Agree, Nor Disagree. Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. My organization is essaytyper.com deutsch, better able to engage my community. Neither Agree, nor Disagree. Number of academic goals, total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses.
My organization is better prepared to develop and maintain on-going relationships with community partners. Neither Agree, nor Disagree. Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. My organization is better prepared to essaytyper.com share knowledge and other resources as an active contributor to problem solving in tales the community. Neither Agree, nor Disagree. Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. Survey Respondent: Community Partner(s) Data to be Collected.
The museum or library offers programs, services, or resources that address community needs. Neither Agree, nor Disagree. Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of deutsch, non-responses. The museum or library is an active contributor to problem solving in the community. Neither Agree, nor Disagree. Number of total responses Number of responses per answer option Number of non-responses. Appendix Four – Explanation of Forms for Reference.
The SF-424S is the help term “Application for Federal Domestic Assistance/Short Organizational Form,” which is part of the application package that you downloaded from Grants.gov. These items are automatically filled in by Grants.gov. Item 5. Applicant Information. Legal Name : Enter your organization’s legal name as it appears in your SAM.gov registration. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. This is the organization with the authority to apply directly for funding in this program. Excellent Letter. If you have an organizational unit that will be carrying out the project, be sure that it is specified as the organizational unit on the IMLS Program Information Sheet. Address: Enter your legal applicant’s address as it appears in your SAM.gov registration. Web Address : Enter your web address. Type of Applicant : Select the essaytyper.com deutsch code that best characterizes your organization from the menu in the first dropdown box. Leave the excellent computer skills cover letter other boxes blank. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. Employer/Taxpayer Identification Number (EIN/TIN) : Enter the what type literature EIN or TIN assigned to your organization by the Internal Revenue Service.
Organizational DUNS : Enter your organization’s D-U-N-S® number received from Dun and Bradstreet. Congressional District : Enter your organization’s congressional district. Use the essaytyper.com deutsch following format: two-letter state abbreviation, followed by research series paper, a hyphen, followed by essaytyper.com deutsch, a zero, followed by the two-digit district number. For example, if the organization is located in tales of hoffman the 5th Congressional District of California, enter “CA-005.” For the 12th Congressional District of essaytyper.com deutsch, North Carolina, enter “NC-012.” For states and territories with “At Large” Congressional Districts—that is, one representative or delegate represents the entire state or territory—use “001,” e.g., “VT-001.” If your organization does not have a congressional district (e.g., it is located in a U.S. territory that does not have districts), enter “00-000.” To determine your organization’s district, visit the what design is a House of Representatives website by clicking here and essaytyper.com, using the academic goals essay “Find Your Representative” tool. Item 6. Project Information.
Project Title : Enter a brief descriptive title for deutsch your project. IMLS may use this title for public information purposes. Type Review. Project Description : Enter a brief description (about 120 words) of your project. Tell us what your project will do, for whom or what, and essaytyper.com, why. Use clear language that can be understood by readers who might not be familiar with the discipline or subject area. Proposed Project Start Date/End Date : Enter the start date and end date of the proposed period of performance in the format mm/dd/yyyy. The project period begins on the first day of the month in which project activities start and ends on the last day of the month in which these activities are completed. Refer to term papers Section B of essaytyper.com deutsch, this Notice of Funding Opportunity to tales natalie determine when your project can begin. The Project Director is the person who will have primary responsibility for carrying out essaytyper.com your project’s activities. Enter the requested information for this individual here. IMLS requires that the Project Director be a different person than the Authorized Representative.
Item 8. Primary Contact/Grants Administrator. The Primary Contact/Grants Administrator is the person who has primary responsibility for administering the award. Office. Enter the requested information for this individual here. If the Primary Contact/Grants Administrator is the same as the Authorized Representative, please still complete both Items 8 and 9. In some organizations this individual may be the same as the Project Director. If this is the case, check the box and skip to Item 9.
Item 9. Deutsch. Authorized Representative. The Authorized Representative is the person who has the authority to legally bind your organization. Enter the requested information for this individual here. The Authorized Representative cannot be the same person as the Project Director. By checking the “I Agree” box at the top of Item 9, this individual certifies the applicant’s compliance with the IMLS Assurances and Certifications and any other relevant federal requirements. The “Signature of ece thesis office, Authorized Representative” and “Date Signed” boxes will be automatically populated by Grants.gov upon submission of the application.
This will be the person whose name was listed as your organization’s authorized representative when you registered with Grants.gov. Please note that this name might not be the same as the name and other information you entered in Item 9 above; however, the person whose name appears in the “Signature of Authorized Representative” box must have authorization from your organization to submit this application on behalf of your organization. Submission of the electronic application acknowledges that your organization certifies compliance with relevant federal requirements, including but not limited to essaytyper.com deutsch the IMLS Assurances and Certifications to the same extent as the signature does on a paper application. Applicant Information : Legal Name: From 5a on the SF-424S, same as SAM.gov registration. Organizational D-U-N-S ® Number: From 5f pm the SF-424S. Expiration date of academic essay examples, your SAM.gov registration: Enter the expiration date of your SAM.gov registration in the fill-in field. Please note that before submitting an application, your organization must have a current SAM.gov registration. Organizational Unit Name: If you cannot apply for deutsch grants on your own behalf, then enter your organizational unit’s name and address in academic these spaces. For example, if your museum or library is part of a parent organization, such as a university, then enter the name of the university under Legal Name , and the museum or library as the Organizational Unit . Organizational Unit Address: Be sure to include the four-digit extension on the ZIP code.
Organizational Unit Type: Select the essaytyper.com one that most accurately describes your organization. Organizational Financial Information : a-d. All applicants must provide the information requested. Grant Program : Make one selection in each category: 3.a.1 (funding category), 3.a.2 (project type), and 3.a.3 (project category). Performance Goals : Select one of the in writing papers three IMLS agency-level goals (a – c).
Check at least one of the essaytyper.com deutsch performance goals listed beneath it. Note: If you select a performance goal(s) under agency-level goals a) Learning or b) Community, click on the link below it to academic examples review the specific performance measure statement choices and the information you will be required to collect and report on throughout the award period of performance: Performance Measure Statements and essaytyper.com, Information to be Collected and Reported for goals essay examples Learning and Community Projects. Funding Request Information : IMLS Funds Requested: Enter the amount in dollars sought from IMLS. Cost share amount: If your proposal includes cost share, enter the amount of non-federal funding you are providing. See Section C.2 for cost share requirements. Population Served : Check the boxes that reflect the essaytyper.com deutsch population(s) to be served by your project. Of Hoffman Natalie Dessay. Museum Profile : Skip this section. Project Elements : Skip this section. An Organizational Profile must be no more than one page and essaytyper.com deutsch, include the research series paper 98 following information: Your organization’s mission or statement of purpose, noting the source, approving body, and date of the official document in which it appears. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. Your service area (communities and/or audiences served, including size, demographic characteristics, and geographic area).
A brief history of your organization, focusing on the unit that will be directly involved in carrying out the work. The Schedule of excellent computer cover, Completion should reflect each major activity identified in your application Narrative and the project dates identified on the SF-424S and IMLS Budget Form. Deutsch. It should show when each major project activity will start and end. The schedule should be no longer than one page per tales natalie dessay project year. See the sample schedule of completion below. The IMLS Budget Form accommodates up to three years of project activities and expenses. Project timelines, allowable costs, and essaytyper.com, other budget details vary by goals essay examples, program. Be sure to essaytyper.com review the Notice of natalie dessay, Funding Opportunity for the grant program/category to which you are applying and the cost principles in 2 C.F.R. Deutsch. pt.
200 and 2 C.F.R. pt. 3187. The Year 1 columns should include costs for essay activities that begin on the project start date (as listed on essaytyper.com, 6c of the what is a review SF-424S) and end 12 months later. If the project timeline exceeds one year, list the costs for the next 12 months in the Year 2 columns. If the project extends beyond two years, list the costs for the next 12 months in the Year 3 columns. If the program/category to which you are applying permits a fourth year as part of the budget, enter Year 4 budget details on a second copy of the IMLS Budget Form. The budget should include the project costs that will be charged to essaytyper.com grant funds as well as those that will be supported by cost sharing. In-kind contributions to cost sharing may include the value of services (e.g., donated volunteer or consultant time) or equipment donated to the project between the authorized start and end dates of your project. All the items listed, whether supported by grant funds or cost share, must be necessary to accomplish project objectives, allowable according to the applicable federal cost principles, auditable, and incurred during the award period of performance.
Charges to the project for items such as salaries, fringe benefits, travel, and contractual services must conform to the written policies and established practices of academic examples, your organization. You must report all revenues generated with project funds during the award period of performance as program income. If you need more lines for a specific section, summarize the information in the IMLS Budget Form and explain it further in the Budget Justification. 1. Salaries and deutsch, Wages : Include both temporary and ece thesis, permanent staff as well as volunteers engaged in project activities. Document the method of cost computation (e.g., as percentage of a person’s time devoted to essaytyper.com the project, number of days, number of hours) in your Budget Justification. 2. Fringe Benefits: Fringe benefits can only be claimed as a direct cost for those positions included in your direct cost pool.
Fringe benefits may be claimed only on the portion of Salaries and Wages identified for this project. 3. Travel: Explain the method of cost computation for each travel cost, including subsistence, lodging, and transportation, in your Budget Justification. You must use the lowest available commercial fares for coach or equivalent accommodations, and you must use U.S. flagged air carriers for foreign travel when such services are available, in accordance with applicable U.S. legal requirements. Please refer to excellent computer cover letter the narrative section of this Notice of essaytyper.com deutsch, Funding Opportunity for information about special travel requirements, if any. 4. Supplies, Materials, and Equipment: List the costs of supplies, materials, and equipment purchased specifically for the proposed project. For definitions and other information, please see 2 C.F.R. pt. 200. Use the in writing term papers Budget Justification to explain or describe these items in further detail. 5. Contracts and Subawards: List each third party that will undertake project activities and their associated costs as an individual line item on your budget form. Designate each third party as either a contract or subaward using the drop-down menu on each line. To explain or describe these items in essaytyper.com deutsch further detail, you may either.
itemize these third-party costs in in writing papers your Budget Justification or include a separate IMLS Budget Form as a supporting document and refer to it in the Budget Justification, for more complex projects. 6. Student Support: If your project includes student support costs, enter them in this section. Essaytyper.com. Please click here for a definition and examples of student support. 7. Other Costs: Use this section for costs that cannot be assigned to other categories. Do not use this section to list items that do not fit in the lines allotted for another section. 8. Of Hoffman Natalie. Total Direct Costs: These amounts will total automatically. 9. Indirect Costs: Indirect costs are expenses that are incurred for common or joint objectives that cannot be easily identified with a particular project.
Click here for essaytyper.com more information about indirect costs. 10. Total Project Costs: These amounts will total automatically. Cost share is that portion of the project costs that is not paid by academic goals examples, IMLS funds. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. Common examples of cost share include cash outlays; contribution of property and services; and in-kind contributions, such as staff or volunteer time that support project activities. All expenses, including cost sharing, must be incurred during the award period of performance unless otherwise specified and allowed by law. Federal funds from other federal awards may not be used for cost sharing. Design Literature. All federal, IMLS, and program requirements regarding the use of funds apply to both requested IMLS funds and to cost sharing. See 2 C.F.R. §§ 200.29 and 200.306 for more information on cost share. Write a budget justification and save it as a PDF.
Your Budget Justification should address both grant funds and cost share and align with your IMLS Budget Form. It should identify the purpose for each expense and show the method of cost computation used to determine each dollar amount, including any that you may have consolidated and essaytyper.com, summarized on in writing term papers, the IMLS Budget Form. Follow the format of the IMLS Budget Form’s section headings. Identify each person whose salary or wages will be paid with IMLS funds or by cost share, provide their names, describe their role in the project, the percent of time to be devoted to the project, and essaytyper.com deutsch, their rate of in writing papers, pay. Essaytyper.com. If cost share is being provided by unpaid volunteers, explain how you arrived at the dollar amount used to represent the value of their services. If you are requesting IMLS funding for salaries of permanent staff, explain the reason for the request and how the regular duties of these individuals will be performed during the award period of performance. Identify your institution’s fringe benefit rate and explain the in writing term base for the calculation for each person. If you have consolidated several persons’ fringe benefits into a single line on the IMLS Budget Form, break out the detail here.
For each trip, explain the purpose of the trip and specify the essaytyper.com deutsch points of what is a review, origin and destination, the name of the traveler, and deutsch, break out the costs of transportation, lodging, per diem, and computer cover, any other expenses associated with the travel. Explain how you arrived at the dollar amount. 4. Supplies, Materials, and Equipment. List each type of essaytyper.com, supply, material, and equipment you propose to purchase or provide as cost share for the project. Detail the number and skills cover letter, unit cost for essaytyper.com each item, and explain how you arrived at the dollar amounts. Provide vendor quotes or price lists as supporting documents with your application. 5. Ece Thesis. Contracts and Subawards. List the costs of project activities to be undertaken by third parties for essaytyper.com the project. (Familiar terms for third parties can include partners, consultants, subgrantees, collaborators, vendors, or service providers.) Identify each third party by name, describe their role in the project, the activities they will carry out, and the cost. For each entry, designate the ece thesis third party as either a subrecipient or a contractor. Explain costs for third parties and essaytyper.com deutsch, provide relevant supporting documents with your application. Ece Thesis. IMLS grant funds may generally not be provided to other U.S. government agencies.
You are responsible for making a case-by-case determination as to deutsch whether the agreement you make with a third party should be a contract or a subaward. That determination will depend upon the nature of your relationship with the third party with respect to the activities to be carried out. Tales. (See 2 C.F.R. § 200.330 (Subrecipient and contractor determinations).) Explain your method for calculating the costs listed in this section. Please click here for a definition and examples of student support. Use this section for costs that cannot be assigned to other categories. Indicate the essaytyper.com deutsch total direct costs, and specify how much you are asking from IMLS and how much you intend to provide as cost share. If you include indirect costs in your project budget, identify the rate(s) and explain the police paper base(s) on which you are calculating the costs. Click here for more information about indirect costs. Indicate the total project costs here, and specify how much you are asking from IMLS and how much you intend to provide as cost share.
Indirect costs are expenses that are incurred for common or joint objectives that cannot be easily identified with a particular project. Some examples include utilities, general insurance, use of office space and equipment that you own, local telephone service, and the salaries of the management and administrative personnel of the essaytyper.com deutsch organization. See 2 C.F.R. pt. 200 for additional guidance. What are our options for calculating and including indirect costs in research paper our project budget?
You can choose to: Use a rate not to deutsch exceed your current indirect cost rate already negotiated with a federal agency; Use an indirect cost rate proposed to a federal agency but not yet finalized (if the rate is not finalized by the time of award, it will not be allowed); Use a rate not to exceed 10% of modified total direct costs if you have never had a federally negotiated indirect cost rate and you are not subject to other requirements (e.g., for States and local governments and Indian tribes); or Not include any indirect costs. What is a federally negotiated indirect cost rate, and excellent letter, how do we use one? Federally negotiated indirect cost rates are negotiated agreements between federal agencies and non-federal entities. If your organization already has an deutsch existing negotiated indirect cost rate in effect with another federal agency, you may use this rate to calculate total project costs, as long as you apply the police paper 98 rate in accordance with the terms of the essaytyper.com negotiated agreement and include a copy of the current negotiated agreement with your grant application. You may also choose to use a rate lower than your current federally negotiated indirect cost rate. Ece Thesis. We will only essaytyper.com accept federally negotiated indirect cost rates that are current by the award date. What if we use an indirect cost rate that we proposed to a federal agency but is not yet finalized? If your organization is in computer the process of negotiating an indirect cost rate with a federal agency, you may use the indirect cost rate that was proposed to the federal agency to deutsch estimate total project costs. Ece Thesis. In such situations, if we award a grant, we will accept the essaytyper.com deutsch rate only if the negotiations are final by the award date and a copy of the final agreement is submitted to us.
IMLS staff will work with you to adjust your budget prior to awarding the of research design literature grant. How do we use the 10% indirect cost rate? Except for those non-federal entities described in Appendix VII to 2 C.F.R. pt. 200, you may choose to charge a rate not to exceed 10% of modified total direct costs (MTDC), as long you have never had a federally negotiated indirect cost rate and you meet the applicable requirements. See 2 C.F.R. part 200, including 2 CFR sections 200.68, 200.414(f), and 200.510(b)(6), for additional guidance. Modified total direct costs are direct salaries and wages, applicable fringe benefits, materials and supplies, services, travel, and up to the first $25,000 of essaytyper.com deutsch, each sub-award. MTDC excludes several cost categories, including equipment, rental costs, tuition remission, scholarships and fellowships, participant support costs, and the portion of each subaward in excess of $25,000. See 2 C.F.R. § 200.68 for additional information. If you are using the 10% indirect cost rate, check the help term box indicated on the IMLS Budget Form. Essaytyper.com. No additional documentation is required.
Can we apply our indirect cost rate to the cost share portion on our IMLS budget form? Yes. You may apply your indirect cost rate to the cost share portion of your total direct costs, but you must count it as cost share (in the Cost Share column). IMLS funds can be used for indirect costs, but only for computer the portion of the total direct costs for which you are requesting IMLS funds (the Grant Funds column). Are there any other project costs that cannot be included in our indirect cost calculations?
If you have a federally negotiated indirect cost rate agreement, you must follow its conditions and requirements. If you are eligible for and using a rate not to exceed 10%, you may include up to 10% of the essaytyper.com deutsch modified total direct costs (MTDC) in your indirect cost calculations. (Please see above section on ece thesis office, this 10% rate as well as 2 C.F.R. Essaytyper.com. § 200.414(f) and § 200.68.) Students are understood to be: Students enrolled in a community college, undergraduate, or graduate program of study. (Note: for help pre-professional project proposals submitted to the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program, the definition of students also includes those at the middle school level or above.) Individuals participating in post-master’s or post-doctoral programs which are focused on supporting their career or professional development. Library, archive, and museum staff participating in education and training activities focused on their career or professional development. Examples of student support include: Tuition support for students participating in deutsch the project. Salaries or stipends for graduate assistant work, so long as their work is academic examples, focused on research and teaching activities (therefore contributing to their education). Pay and deutsch, benefits for a resident or fellow to work in a position that is intended to support their learning outcomes or professional development. Costs for excellent computer letter travel and conference registration provided to support a student or participant’s learning outcomes or professional development.
Costs of supplies and equipment provided to students to support a student’s learning outcomes or professional development. Activities not considered student support include: Students employed in roles that are primarily administrative or clerical, doing work that is not primarily focused on their career or professional development. These costs should be listed in the Salaries and Wages section of the budget, and tuition paid on behalf of these students would not be considered student support. Proof of essaytyper.com, Private, Nonprofit Status. If your organization is applying as a private, nonprofit institution, you must submit a copy of the letter from the Internal Revenue Service indicating your eligibility for in writing term nonprofit status under the essaytyper.com applicable provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended. We will not accept a letter of state sales tax exemption as proof of nonprofit status. (See 2 C.F.R. §3187.7(b)) Appendix Five – IMLS Products Guidance.
Guidance for Projects that Develop Digital Products. What are digital products? IMLS broadly defines digital products as any digital content, resources, assets, software, or datasets that you may create, collect, or develop during the course of your project. What are the IMLS requirements for projects that create, collect, or develop digital products? IMLS is committed to expanding public access to federally funded research, data, and excellent computer letter, other digital products. The assets you create with IMLS funding require careful stewardship to protect and enhance their value, and they should be freely and essaytyper.com, readily available for use and goals examples, re-use by libraries, archives, museums, and the public. However, applying these principles to the development and management of digital products is not always straightforward. We require that you follow the directions addressing specific aspects of creating and managing digital products in the Digital Product Form.
Download the essaytyper.com deutsch Digital Product Form (PDF, 45 KB; Word 27 KB) here. Additionally, IMLS participates in the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative (FADGI), a collaborative effort by federal agencies to define common standards, guidelines, methods, and best practices for creating digital collections. Office. The FADGI website includes a growing list of links to essaytyper.com deutsch relevant standards, recommendations, and other resources. While this list is not exhaustive—nor do we endorse any specific resource—applicants considering digital projects may find the information useful. Click here to access the FADGI website. Guidance for Research Applications.
Please note that research and information collection is subject to applicable law, including but not limited to 45 C.F.R. pt. 46 (Protection of Human Subjects); see also the IMLS Assurances and Certifications. An effective research application should answer the following questions in the project narrative. What are the specific research questions our project will attempt to answer? List the question or questions that will drive your proposed activities. Research questions should be clear and concise to help reviewers understand what you wish to learn. What is our theoretical framing? What are the concepts, assumptions, expectations, beliefs, and/or theories that support and inform your research and guide your approach to ece thesis data collection and analysis?
If you are proposing to essaytyper.com conduct research that will build theory, explain why. What is the relevance of our proposed research for current practice? Discuss how your proposed work builds on existing projects or efforts, including those funded by IMLS. Provide information about how your research can lead to improved museum or library practice and demonstrate you are familiar with current scholarship, including empirical work, in what of research design is a literature your area of interest. What research methods will we use to essaytyper.com conduct the research? Detail the research methods you will use to collect and essaytyper.com deutsch, analyze data. Say why they are the most appropriate for addressing the question(s) at hand. Your methods must be replicable and based on current practices. What type of data will we gather? Describe the type of data you will collect and any measures you will take to ensure its validity and reliability. Detail the methods for collecting information along with any potential privacy or human subjects concerns that may arise.
List potential challenges in gathering data and explain how you will address them. As noted above, research and information collection is subject to applicable law, including but not limited to skills cover letter privacy requirements and 45 C.F.R. pt. 46 (Protection of Human Subjects), see also the IMLS Assurances and Certifications. How will we analyze and deutsch, use the excellent computer cover letter data? Describe how you will analyze the essaytyper.com results of help term papers, your research and relate them to your research questions. If applicable, outline an analysis plan that links a set of testable hypotheses to essaytyper.com deutsch the proposed research question(s). Identify the variables of ece thesis office, interest that are key to the investigation, and explain how you will deal with alternative explanations for essaytyper.com deutsch the observed phenomena. How will we report the information? Address how you will communicate the results to ece thesis office a variety of target audiences with different levels of expertise, especially practitioners. How will we manage the research data and essaytyper.com deutsch, make it available for future use (as applicable)?
Explain how you will manage, share, preserve, and document the information and research products you will create during the project. To do this, complete the Digital Product Form (PDF 475KB) and include it as part of the application to IMLS. Data sharing is an help term papers essential component of research and expedites the translation of research results into new knowledge and practices. Essaytyper.com Deutsch. If your project involves the collection and analysis of data, we expect you to include, as part of skills, your application, a data management plan (Part IV of the Digital Product Form (PDF 475KB) that provides for long-term preservation and access. We expect you to deposit data resulting from IMLS-funded research in a broadly accessible repository that allows the public to use the deutsch data without charge no later than the date upon which you submit your final report to IMLS.
The data should be deposited in a machine-readable, non-proprietary digital format to police research 98 maximize search, retrieval, and analysis. Your project budget may include the costs of deutsch, preparing the data for public release and for making the data publicly available. In your final report to IMLS, you will be required to identify where your data has been deposited and can be accessed by the public. We recognize that data sharing may be complicated or limited in some cases by institutional policies; local Institutional Review Board (IRB) rules; and local, state, and federal laws and regulations, including those protecting confidentiality and personal privacy. The rights and privacy of people who participate in IMLS-supported research must be protected at police research, all times. Thus, data intended for broader use should be free of deutsch, anything that could lead to office disclosure of the identity of individual participants. You should identify and explain the essaytyper.com reasons for any limitations in your data management plan. For the purposes of this section, “data” is defined consistent with OMB guidance (please see 2 C.F.R. § 200.315).
We reserve a royalty-free, nonexclusive, and irrevocable right to: (1) obtain, reproduce, publish or otherwise use the data first produced under a grant; and (2) authorize others to tales natalie receive, reproduce, publish, or otherwise use such data for federal purposes. Access to Work Products and Documents from IMLS-Supported Projects. How should we share our work products from IMLS-supported projects? All work products resulting from IMLS funding should be distributed for essaytyper.com free or at cost unless we have given you written approval for another arrangement. We encourage IMLS grant recipients to ece thesis share their work products (including publications, datasets, educational resources, software, and digital content) whenever possible through free and open-access journals and repositories. Essaytyper.com. We expect you to office ensure that final peer-reviewed manuscripts resulting from essaytyper.com, research conducted under an goals essay examples award are made available in a manner that permits the public to access, read, download, and analyze the work without charge. Deutsch. Wide dissemination of the computer cover results of deutsch, IMLS-funded projects advances the body of goals essay examples, knowledge and essaytyper.com deutsch, professional practice in museum, library, and information services. What project documents might IMLS make openly accessible? We may share grant applications, work products, and reports with grantees, potential grantees, and the general public to further the excellent skills letter mission of the agency and the development of museum, library, and information services.
We require that your final report include one copy of deutsch, each written product you create, unless otherwise instructed. These materials may be disseminated broadly and made available in police research series 98 a variety of ways and formats. What do we need to essaytyper.com deutsch know about excellent computer letter copyright and works produced with IMLS support? You may copyright any work that is subject to copyright and was developed under an award or for which ownership was purchased. However, we reserve, for federal government purposes, a royalty-free, nonexclusive, and deutsch, irrevocable right to reproduce, publish, or otherwise use the work and authorize others to reproduce, publish, or otherwise use the work. We encourage you to make your works produced with IMLS support widely available, including through the use of open licenses. What do we need to know about digital products produced with IMLS support?
IMLS is committed to ece thesis office expanding public access to essaytyper.com federally funded digital products (i.e., digital content, resources, assets, software, and datasets). We require that you follow the academic goals essay directions addressing specific aspects of creating and essaytyper.com, managing digital products in the Digital Product Form. The form provides additional instructions and guidance. Click here to access the Digital Product Form (45 KB). Appendix Six – Conflict of Interest Requirements. Conflict of Interest Requirements.
What conflict of interest requirements must we follow? As a non-federal entity, you must follow IMLS conflict of interest policies for police research series paper federal awards. You must disclose in writing any potential conflict of interest to an IMLS Program Officer, or to deutsch the pass-through entity if you are a subrecipient or contractor. This disclosure must take place immediately whether you are an applicant or have an active IMLS award. The IMLS conflict of interest policies apply to subawards as well as contracts, and are as follows: As a non-federal entity, you must maintain written standards of conduct covering conflicts of interest and governing the performance of your employees engaged in the selection, award, and administration of subawards and contracts. None of your employees may participate in the selection, award, or administration of a subaward or contract supported by a federal award if he or she has a real or apparent conflict of interest. Such a conflict of interest would arise when the employee, officer, or agent, any member of design literature, his or her immediate family, his or her partner, or an organization which employs or is about to employ any of the parties indicated herein, has a financial or other interest in or a tangible personal benefit from an organization considered for a subaward or contract. The officers, employees, and agents of the non-federal entity must neither solicit nor accept gratuities, favors, or anything of monetary value from subrecipients or contractors or parties to subawards or contracts.
If you have a parent, affiliate, or subsidiary organization that is deutsch, not a state, local government, or Indian tribe, you must also maintain written standards of conduct covering organizational conflicts of interest. Organizational conflicts of interest means that because of relationships with a parent company, affiliate, or subsidiary organization, you are unable or appear to be unable to be impartial in conducting a subaward or procurement action involving a related organization.
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Analysis of Nora Helmer A dolls House. Analysis of Nora Helmer A dolls House. Somtims, charactrs in a novl or play go through a grat dynamic chang only to find thir tru slf and to rmov th fraudulnt prcption of thmslvs in essaytyper.com deutsch th ys of academic examples othrs. Such a chang lads th charactr to bcom fully awar of thir lif as wll as finally undrstand what a hypocritical lif thy hav mistaknly ld. At th bginning of Hnrik Ibsn#8217;s A Doll#8217;s Hous, Nora Hlmr is shown as a childish and naiv houswif with a knack for spnding mony.
This opinion is transfrrd mostly through Nora#8217;s #8220;parnt child#8221; dialogu with hr husband, Torvald. Need essay sample on essaytyper.com Analysis of Nora Helmer A dolls House ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. Torvald#8217;s usual characterization of office Nora as an #8220;expensive little person#8221; (p14) with a skill of melting his money in her hands clearly illustrates Nora#8217;s relation with her husband as being strikingly similar to that of a spoiled child and essaytyper.com deutsch his wealthy parents. However, during the course of the play, as Ibsen takes the cover reader through the climax of Nora#8217;s pre-liberated life, he shows how Nora develops into a wiser, more determined woman who learns to respect herself. Nora#8217;s development is highlighted and guided with her growing courage, her direct attempts to become more equal with her husband, and her increasingly realistic attitude about herself. As Nora Helmer develops increasingly more courage, the reader sees a start at her growing liberality and essaytyper.com respect for herself. At first, Nora#8217;s carefree happiness is only propelled by her utter following and dependence on her husband#8217;s wishes. For example, Torvald jokingly confronts Nora about nibbling on some sweets she seriously states, #8220;[she] should not think of going against your wishes,#8221; (p15) acting in the same way a child would, when he does not obey.
However, with the arrival of Mrs. Linde, Nora finds a person to computer skills cover, whom she can be fully honest and true. Deutsch! Her request that Torvald hire Mrs. Linde, a demand unthinkable of at the beginning of the novel, indicates an ongoing change in her attitude. The true test of Nora#8217;s courage comes when Krogstad threatens to reveal to everyone her fraudulent signature on the bond. An otherwise timid woman, Nora#8217;s actions now show her rapid change.
As Nora sends out police research paper Mrs. Linde to essaytyper.com, persuade Krogstad get to change his mind, she shows full independence and awareness of her actions. Nora#8217;s final test of courage comes, of course, at the climax of the action, after Krogstad sends the bond back and all seems to be well again. What Type Is A Review! As Torvald Helmer admits #8220;I should not be a man if this womanly helplessness did not just give you a double attractiveness…Very soon you won#8217;t need me to assure you that I have forgiven you; you will yourself feel the certainty that I have done so#8221;, (p66) Nora truly realizes what a lie she has been living for essaytyper.com deutsch the past eight years. She demonstrates now that she is liberated from excellent cover, Torvald#8217;s parent-like influence by leaving him to #8220;stand quite alone…to understand myself and everything about [her]#8221; (p71) Needless to say, the courage to essaytyper.com deutsch, part with one who you have loved for a number of years, shows how determined Nora has become to liberate herself from the goals examples shackles that society placed her. In addition to Nora Helmer#8217;s growing courage, she also acquires an idealistic intention to essaytyper.com deutsch, become equal with her husband.
In her heart, she realizes the position in ece thesis life that she has been given, one where she must wear a facade of essaytyper.com cheerfulness and tales of hoffman natalie eagerness to please, is essaytyper.com deutsch far lower than her potential. The reader gets a first glimpse into this desire as Nora admits to what type is a, Mrs. Linde how she saved money to repay Krogstad for essaytyper.com the loan. Nora says, #8220;Last winter I was lucky enough to get a lot of copying to do; so I locked myself up and sat writing all evening until quite late at help term night…it was a tremendous pleasure to sit there working and earning money. Essaytyper.com! It was like being a man.#8221; (p22) This innate desire to be like a man, to have responsibilities, to earn money and have work to look forward to shows Nora#8217;s unhappiness with her life. The reader can then see that Nora is police series paper 98 a very astute and essaytyper.com precocious woman. A second, more direct example of Nora#8217;s intent to become more significant and influential in ece thesis office the family occurs after Krogstad#8217;s threat to tell Torvald about essaytyper.com their matter. Nora approaches Torvald and is ready to talk to him about the loan she had procured to papers, save his life, but is turned off by his idiosyncratic reply what would it seem if #8220;the new manager changed his mind at this wife#8217;s bidding#8221; (p41). Through Nora#8217;s unsuccessful attempts to change Torvald#8217;s mind about firing Krogstad, Ibsen shows the deutsch controversial truth that in the late 1800#8217;s it was common and expectant of women to become influenced and controlled by the men in their lives.
Alas, to ece thesis office, the end Torvald maintains his superior position over Nora, which is deutsch most accurately presented in of research design is a review the quote #8220;Playtime shall be over, and essaytyper.com lesson-time shall begin.#8221; (p68) He so strongly believes that #8220;no man would sacrifice his honor for the one he loves#8221;(p71) that there is no wonder why Torvald acted so selfishly vain and harsh when he received Krogstad#8217;s letter. Mrs. Help Term! Helmer has so long awaited its arrival, for if her husband acted indifferent to it and even took the essaytyper.com guilt upon help in writing term papers himself, that would show he truly cared for Nora and was not just an essaytyper.com arrogant, selfish demagogue. As Nora realizes that Torvald is not the noble man she perceived him to be, she leaves, because now understands that she shall only be treated as a doll in academic examples Torvald#8217;s house. Such action demonstrates Nora#8217;s necessity to be understood and respected, for it is better to love oneself through lonely agony than to be loved by others through glorious deceit. Doubtless, Nora#8217;s realization that her life has been full of essaytyper.com unintentional deceit through her relations with Torvald, is what drives her to computer skills, develop into deutsch, a more realistic, reasonable and self-respecting woman. Her opinions and thoughts are almost fully repressed at the beginning of the play, when Nora is shown to cower in fear after eating some sweets, an action her husband dislikes. Ibsen carefully initiates the change by allowing the leader to learn that Nora has committed what seemed like a #8220;crime#8221; in those years, secretly going against skills, her husband#8217;s moral teachings. Thus, the reader can accurately perceive that from the first moment, when Nora forged her father#8217;s signature to essaytyper.com deutsch, receive money for the trip to Italy, she has been living in a falsification. Moreover, that very first moment, that led her to take matters in her own hands, is what later led her to become more self-reliant. Ibsen then wonderfully illustrates Nora#8217;s ongoing internal change when she calls her husband narrow-minded.
This remark, one that the reader could not imagine the ece thesis office #8220;little skylark#8221; uttering at the beginning, is a great indicator of Nora#8217;s growing sense of righteousness and critical judgement of others around her. Of course, no analysis of Nora#8217;s development into a self-respecting person would be complete without mentioning the final dialogue of her with Torvald. As Nora Helmer finally realizes she has spent all the years in her life, playing up to the wishes of men in her life, she explains to her husband that she was terribly wasted in his care. Nora tells Torvald #8220;I have existed merely to essaytyper.com deutsch, perform tricks for you…It is your fault, I have made nothing of my life.#8221; (p68). Finally, one can finally see that Nora considers herself a liberated woman after she dramatically proclaims that her duties to herself are just as sacred as the ones to her husband and children. Ibsen then correctly predicts the attitude of the natalie modern woman when by letting Nora say, #8220;I believe that before all else, I am a reasonable human being or, at all events, I must try to become one…I am no longer content with what most people say or with what is found in essaytyper.com deutsch books. I must think over things for myself and get to office, understand them.#8221;(p69) Such attitude forever changed men#8217;s antagonistic superior treatment of women.
Nora Helmer#8217;s change is then very symbolic with the change of all women, occurring about the same time A Doll#8217;s House was written. Nora Helmer#8217;s character change from a naivete to a wise woman comes at the considerable cost of essaytyper.com her leaving her home. Term! Such a regretful ending might indeed be considered tragic, yet the essaytyper.com reader can not help but be pleased at Nora#8217;s final stand against outside influence. It would be far worse (and uneventful) had Nora stayed quiet and repressed the research series 98 liberality self-respect that was churning inside of her. Ibsen#8217;s portrayal of essaytyper.com deutsch a fairly simple, spoiled #8220;girl#8221; (her childish play had pointed the reader to come at such opinion) becoming a more mature, wiser woman through self-liberation with what can be regarded as a happy ending, showed that the author felt much sympathy towards women#8217;s inferior standing in research series society at the time of essaytyper.com writing.
The carefully painted portrait of Torvald and his antagonistic dominance was drawn as a target for women everywhere to strike against. Ece Thesis Office! As for Nora, one can be sure that her newfound courage, determination and feeling of deutsch equality amongst others will lead her towards greatness. Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll’s House. London: Penguin Classic, 1987.
Magill, Frank N., editor. Masterpieces of tales of hoffman natalie World Literature, Harper Row, 1989, pp. 203-206. Meyer, Michael, editor. The Compact Bedford Introduction to deutsch, Literature, 4th Edition, St.
Martin#8217;s Press, 1996, pp. 1128-1136.
Essay Writing Service -
Designing an Authentication System: a Dialogue in Four Scenes. Copyright 1988, 1997 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Deutsch? All Rights Reserved. Originally written by help term, Bill Bryant, February 1988. Cleaned up and converted to HTML by Theodore Ts'o, February, 1997. An afterword describing the changes in Version 5 of the Kerberos protocol was also added. This dialogue provides a fictitious account of the design of an open-network authentication system called Charon. As the dialogue progresses, the characters Athena and deutsch, Euripides discover the problems of security inherent in an open network environment. Each problem must be addressed in the design of essay Charon, and the design evolves accordingly. Essaytyper.com? Athena and of hoffman natalie, Euripides don't complete their work until the dialogue's close. When they finish designing the system, Athena changes the system's name to Kerberos, the name, coincidentally enough, of the authentication system that was designed and implemented at MIT's Project Athena.
The dialogue's Kerberos system bears a striking resemblence to the system described in Kerberos: An Authentication Service for Open Network Systems presented at the Winter USENIX 1988, at Dallas, Texas. Well suppose I say something like the following: I want my electronic mail, so I contact the mail server and essaytyper.com deutsch, ask it to send the mail to my workstation. In reality I'm not the research paper 98 entity that contacts the essaytyper.com deutsch mail server. I'm using a program to contact the mail server and retrieve my mail, a program that is a CLIENT of the mail service program. But I don't want to say the client does such-and-such every time I refer to a transaction between the academic goals essay examples user and deutsch, a network server. Goals Essay Examples? I'd just as soon say I do such-and-such, keeping in mind of course that a client program is doing things on my behalf. Is that okay with you? Okay. I guess I should describe the system, huh? Let's say you want to use a service, the mail service. In my system you cannot use a service unless, ah, Charon tells the service that you are who you claim to be.
And you can't get the okay to use a service unless you have authenticated yourself to Charon. When you request authentication from Charon, you have to tell Charon the essaytyper.com deutsch service for which you want the of research literature review okay. Deutsch? If you want to use the papers mail server, you've got to essaytyper.com deutsch tell Charon. Charon asks you to prove your identity. You do so by providing your secret password. Charon takes your password and compares it to the one that is registered for you in the Charon database. If the two passwords match, Charon considers your identity proven. Charon now has to convince the mail server that you are who you say you are. Since Charon knows all service passwords, it knows the mail service's password.
It's conceivable that Charon could give you the password, which you could forward to the mail service as proof that you have authenticated yourself to Charon. The problem is, Charon cannot give you the password directly, because then you would know it. The next time you wanted mail, you could circumvent Charon and ece thesis office, use the mail server without correctly identifying yourself. You could even pretend to be someone else, and use the mail server in that other person's name. So instead of giving you the mail server's password, Charon gives you a mail service TICKET. This ticket contains a version of your username that has been ENCRYPTED USING the MAIL SERVER'S PASSWORD. Ticket in hand, you can now ask the mail service for your mail. Essaytyper.com? You make your request by telling the mail server who you are, and furnishing the ticket that proves you are who you say you are. The server uses its password to decrypt the ticket, and ece thesis office, if the ticket decrypts properly, the server ends up with the username that Charon placed in the ticket. The service compares this name with the name you sent along with the ticket.
If the names match, the mail server considers your identity proven and essaytyper.com, proceeds to research give you your mail. What do you think of those apples? That sounds good to me. Deutsch? So the ticket looks something like this: (She scrawls the following on academic goals essay examples, a pad of paper:) But I think I know a way to fix this problem. Or to essaytyper.com at least provide a partial fix to it. I think Charon should include more information in the service tickets it produces. In addition to the username, the ticket should also include the NETWORK ADDRESS from which the user asked Charon for the ticket. That gives you an additional level of security. I'll illustrate. Suppose I steal your mail ticket now.
The ticket has your workstation's network address in it, and this address does not match my workstation's address. In your name I forward the purloined ticket to police paper the mail server. The server program extracts the username and network address from the ticket and essaytyper.com deutsch, attempts to match that information against the username and academic essay, network address of the entity that sent the ticket. The username matches, but the network address does not. The server rejects the ticket because obviously it was stolen. So the revised ticket design looks like this: She scrawls the following on a chalkboard: I'll start with the first requirement: you should only deutsch, have to use your password once. I've met this requirement by type design literature review, inventing a new network service.
It's called the ticket-granting service, a service that issues Charon tickets to users who have already proven their identity to Charon. You can use this ticket-granting service if you have a ticket for it, a ticket-granting ticket. The ticket-granting service is really just a version of Charon in as much as it has access to the Charon database. It's a part of Charon that lets you authenticate yourself with a ticket instead of a password. Anyhow, the essaytyper.com authentication system now works as follows: you login to a workstation and use a program called kinit to contact the office Charon server.
You prove your identity to Charon, and the kinit program gets you a ticket-granting ticket. Now say you want to get your mail from the mail server. You don't have a mail server ticket yet, so you use the ticket-granting ticket to get the mail server ticket for you. You don't have to use your password to get the essaytyper.com deutsch new ticket. Like I said, I've solved that problem as well. Police Paper? The thing is, when I say you have to contact Charon to get the deutsch ticket-granting ticket, I make it sound as though you have to of research design review send your password in cleartext over the network to deutsch the Charon Server.
But it doesn't have to be that way. Here's really what happens. When you use the kinit program to get the ticket-granting ticket, kinit doesn't send your password to help papers the Charon server, kinit sends only your username. Charon uses the essaytyper.com deutsch username to look up your password. Academic? Next Charon builds a packet of essaytyper.com deutsch data that contains the ticket-granting ticket. Before it sends you the packet, Charon uses your password to is a encrypt the packet's contents. Your workstation receives the ticket packet. You enter your password. Kinit attempts to decrypt the ticket with the password you entered. If kinit succeeds, you have successfully authenticated yourself to deutsch Charon.
You now possess a ticket-granting ticket, and that ticket can get you the other tickets you require. How's that for some fancy thinking? Look at natalie dessay, it this way. Suppose you are using an insecure workstation. In the course of your login session you acquire a mail service ticket, a printing service ticket, and a file service ticket. Suppose you inadvertantly leave these tickets on the workstation when you logout. Now suppose I login to the workstation and find those tickets.
I'm feeling like causing trouble, so I make the workstation think that I am you. Since the tickets are made out in your name, I can use the mail client program to access your mail, I can use the file service client to access and essaytyper.com deutsch, remove your files, and I can use the printing command to run up huge bills on series paper 98, your account. All because these tickets have been accidentally left lying around. And nothing can keep me from copying these tickets to a place of my own. I can continue to use them for all eternity. But that's an easy fix. Essaytyper.com Deutsch? We just write a program that destroys a user's tickets after each login session. You can't use tickets that have been destroyed. Well obviously your system must have a ticket-destroying program, but it's foolish to make users rely on such a thing. You can't count on of hoffman natalie, users to remember to destroy their tickets every time they finish a workstation session. And even if you rely upon your users to deutsch destroy their tickets, consider the following scenario.
I've got a program that watches the network and copies service tickets as they zip accross the police research network. Suppose I feel like victimizing you. I wait for you to begin a workstation session, I turn on my program and copy a bunch of essaytyper.com your tickets. I wait for you to ece thesis office finish your session, and eventually you logout and leave. I fiddle with my workstation's network software and change its address so that it matches the address of the workstation you were using when you acquired the tickets I copied. I make my workstation believe that I am you. I have your tickets, your username, and the correct network address. I can REPLAY these tickets and use services in your name.
It doesn't matter that you destroyed your tickets before you ended your workstation session. The tickets I have stolen are valid for as long as I care to use them, because your current ticket design does not place a limit on the number of essaytyper.com times you can reuse a ticket, or on how long a ticket remains valid. Euripides goes to academic goals the chalkboard and scrawls the following: This is just for the sake of argument. I've copied your tickets. Now I wait for essaytyper.com deutsch you to logout.
Suppose you have a doctor's appointment or a class to attend, so you end your workstation session after a couple of hours. Tales Natalie Dessay? You are a smart boots and have destroyed your copies of the tickets before logging out. But I've stolen your tickets, and they are good for about six hours. That gives me ample time to pillage your files and print one thousand copies of whatever in essaytyper.com deutsch, your name. See, the lifetime-timestamp business works fine in the event that a ticket thief chooses to replay the ticket after the ticket has expired. Academic Goals Examples? If the thief can replay the ticket before that . . . The two head for the coffee machine. The next morning in Euripides' office. Athena knocks on the door.
Right. Deutsch? That is a clumsy solution at best. Natalie? (Pause.) Ah, how do I proceed with my argument? (She ponders for a moment.) All right, I'm going to restate the problem again, this time in the form of a requirement. A network service must be able to prove that the person using a ticket is the essaytyper.com same person to whom that ticket was issued. Let me trace the authentication process again and of hoffman natalie dessay, see if I can tease out an deutsch, appropriate way to illustrate my solution to this problem. I want to use a certain network service. I access that service by starting a client program on my workstation. The client sends three things to the service machine-- my name, my workstation's network address, and the appropriate service ticket.
The ticket contains the name of the person it was issued to and the address of the workstation that person was using when he or she acquired the ticket. It also contains an expiration date in the form of a lifespan and tales of hoffman dessay, a timestamp. All this information has been encrypted in the service's Charon password. Our current authentication scheme relies on essaytyper.com, the following tests: Can the service decrypt the ticket? Has the academic ticket expired? Do the name and workstation address specified in the ticket match the name and address of the deutsch person who sent the ticket? What do these tests prove?
The first test proves that the ticket either did or did not come from Charon. If the ticket cannot be decrypted, it did not come from the real Charon. The real Charon would have encrypted the tales ticket with the essaytyper.com service's password. Charon and the service are the what type of research is a review only two entities that know the service's password. Deutsch? If the ticket decrypts successfully, the service knows that it came from the computer skills cover letter real Charon.
This test prevents folks from building fake Charon tickets. The second test checks the ticket's lifespan and timestamp. If it has expired, the service rejects the ticket. Deutsch? This test stops people from research paper using old tickets, tickets that perhaps were stolen. The third test checks the ticket-user's name and address against the name and address of the person specified in the ticket. If the test fails, the ticket-user has obtained (perhaps surreptitiously) another person's ticket.
The ticket is of course rejected. If the names and addresses do match, what has the test proved? Nothing. Scallywags can steal tickets from the network, change their workstation addresses and essaytyper.com, usernames appropriately, and rifle other folks resources. As I pointed out examples yesterday, tickets can be replayed as long as they haven't expired. They can be replayed because a service cannot determine that the person sending the essaytyper.com deutsch ticket is actually the ticket's legitimate owner. The service cannot make this determination because it does not share a secret with the type literature user. Deutsch? Look at it this way. If I'm on watch at Elsinore, you know, the castle in Hamlet , and you are supposed to relieve me, I'm not supposed to let you take my place unless you can provide the correct password. Design? That's the case where the two of us share a secret.
And it's probably a secret that someone else made up for everyone who stands on essaytyper.com, watch. So I was thinking last night, why not have Charon make up a password for the legitimate ticket-owner to office share with the service? Charon gives a copy of deutsch this session key to the service, and a copy to the user. When the service receives a ticket from a user, it can use the session key to test the user's identity. She scrawls the following on a chalkboard: The service's copy of the session key comes inside the ece thesis office ticket, and the service gets the key when it decrypts the essaytyper.com ticket. So the ticket looks like this:
When you want to get to research series paper a service, the essaytyper.com deutsch client program you start builds what I call an AUTHENTICATOR. The authenticator contains your name and your workstation's address. The client encrypts this information with the session key, the copy of the ece thesis office session key you received when you requested the ticket. After building the authenticator, the client sends it and the ticket to essaytyper.com the service. The service cannot decrypt the term papers authenticator yet because it doesn't have the session key. That key is in the ticket, so the service first decrypts the ticket.
After decrypting the ticket, the service ends up with the the following information: The ticket's lifespan and timestamp; The ticket-owner's name; The ticket-owner's network address; The session key. The service checks to see if the ticket has expired. If all is well in that regard, the service next uses the session key to decrypt the authenticator. If the decryption proceeds without a hitch, the service ends up with a username and essaytyper.com deutsch, a network address. The service tests this information against the name and address found in the ticket, AND the name and address of the goals person who sent the ticket and authenticator.
If everything matches, the service has determined that the ticket-sender is indeed the ticket's real owner. Athena pauses, clears her throat, drinks some coffee. I think the session key-authenticator business takes care of the replay problem. Well, it might. Let's see, the client program builds the authenticator, then sends it with the ticket to the service. You copy both ticket and authenticator as they move from deutsch my workstation to the server. But the ticket and authenticator arrive at the server before you can send your copies. If the authenticator can only be used once, your copy of it is no good, and you lose when you attempt to replay your ticket and authenticator. Well, that's a relief. So all we have to do is goals examples invent a way to make the authenticator a one-time usable thing. No problem.
Let's just put a lifespan and timestamp on them. Suppose each authenticator has a lifespan of a couple of minutes. When you want to use a service, your client program builds the authenticator, stamps it with the current time, then sends it and the ticket to the server. The server receives the ticket and authenticator and goes about its business. When the server decrypts the authenticator, it checks the essaytyper.com authenticator's lifespan and timestamp. If the authenticator hasn't expired, and what type design, everything else checks properly, the essaytyper.com server considers you authenticated.
Suppose I copied the athenticator and ticket as they crossed the network. I have to change my workstation's network address and my username, and tales of hoffman natalie dessay, I have to essaytyper.com deutsch do this all in a couple of minutes. That's a pretty tall order. In fact I don't think it's possible. Unless . . . Well, here's a potential problem. Suppose that instead of copying the of research literature review ticket and authenticator as they travel from essaytyper.com your workstation to the server, I copy original ticket packet that comes from Charon, the packet you receive when you ask Charon to give you a ticket. This packet, as I recall, has two copies of the session key in it: one for you and one for help in writing the service. The one for the service is hidden in the ticket and deutsch, I can't get to it, but what about the other one, the one you use to police series paper build authenticators? If I can get that copy of the session key, I can build my own authenticators, and if I can build my own authenticators, I can break the system.
That's something I thought about last night, but then I traced the process of acquiring tickets and essaytyper.com deutsch, found that it wasn't possible to steal authenticators that way. You sit down at a workstation and tales of hoffman dessay, use the essaytyper.com deutsch kinit program to get your ticket-granting ticket. Kinit asks for goals examples your username, and after you enter it, kinit forwards the name to Charon. Charon uses your name to look up your password, then proceeds to build a ticket-granting ticket for you. As part of this process, Charon creates a session key that you will share with the ticket-granting service. Charon puts a copy of the session key in the ticket-granting ticket, and puts your copy in the the ticket packet that you are about to deutsch receive. But before it sends you this packet, Charon encrypts the whole thing with your password. Charon sends the packet across the network.
Someone can copy the packet as it goes by, but they can't do anything with it because it has been encrypted with your password. Type Is A Review? Specifically, no one can steal the ticket-granting session key. Kinit receives the ticket packet and essaytyper.com deutsch, prompts you for a password, which you enter. If you enter the correct password, kinit can decrypt the packet and give you your copy of the session key. Now that you've taken care of the kinit business, you want to get your mail. You start the mail client program.
This program looks for a mail service ticket and doesn't find one (after all, you haven't tried to get your mail yet). The client must use the ticket-granting ticket to ask the ticket-granting service for a mail service ticket. The client builds an authenticator for the ticket-granting transaction and encrypts the academic goals essay authenticator with your copy of the essaytyper.com deutsch ticket-granting session key. The client then sends Charon the authenticator, the ticket-granting ticket, your name, your workstation's address, and the name of the help term mail service. The ticket-granting service receives this stuff and essaytyper.com, runs through the authentication checks. If everything checks properly, the ticket-granting service ends up with a copy of the ece thesis office session key that it shares with you. Now the ticket-granting service builds you a mail service ticket, and deutsch, during this process, creates a new session key for you to share with the mail service. The ticket-granting service now prepares a ticket packet to send back to your workstation. The packet contains the ticket and your copy of the mail service session key. But before it sends the packet, the ticket-granting service encrypts the packet with its copy of the literature TICKET-GRANTING session key. That done, the essaytyper.com packet is sent on its way.
So here comes the mail service ticket packet, loping across the network. Suppose some network ogre copies it as it goes by. Research Paper 98? The ogre is out of luck because the packet is encrypted with the ticket-granting session key; you and the ticket-granting service are the only entities that know this key. Since the ogre cannot decrypt the mail ticket packet, the ogre cannot discover the MAIL SESSION KEY. Essaytyper.com? Without this session key, the ogre cannot use any of the mail service tickets you might subsequently send across the help in writing term network. So I think we're safe. What do you think? You are so kind. ( Euripides clears his throat. Deutsch? ) Last night, while visions of session keys and computer cover letter, authenticators danced in your head, I was trying to find new problems with the system, and I found one that I thought was pretty serious.
I'll illustrate it by way of the following scenario. Suppose you are sick of your current job and essaytyper.com, have determined that it is in your best interest to move on. You want to print your resume on tales natalie dessay, the company's wizz-bang laser printer so that headhunters and potential employers can take note of your classiness. So you enter the printing command, and direct it to send the resume to the appropriate print server. The command gets the proper service ticket, if you don't already have it, then sends the ticket in your name to essaytyper.com the appropriate print server. Term? At least that's where you think it's headed. You don't in fact know that the request is headed for the right print server. Suppose that some unscrupulous hacker--say it's your boss--has screwed system around so that he redirects your request and its ticket to the print server in his office.
His print service program doesn't care about the ticket or its contents. It throws away the ticket and sends a message to your workstation indicating that the essaytyper.com ticket passed muster, and that the excellent computer skills server is ready and willing to print your job. The printing command sends the job to the fraudulant print server and the enemy ends up with your resume. I'll state the problem by way of contrast. Without session keys and deutsch, authenticators, Charon can protect its servers from false users, but it cannot protect its users from of research design is a literature review false servers. The system needs a way for client programs to authenticate the server before sending sensitive information to the service. Deutsch? The system must allow for mutual authentication . But the session key solves this problem as long as you design your client programs properly. Computer Letter? Back to essaytyper.com deutsch the print server scenario. I want a print client program that makes sure the ece thesis service it's sending jobs to is the essaytyper.com legitimate service. Here's what such a program does.
I enter the help in writing term papers printing command and give it a filename, the name of deutsch my resume. Ece Thesis? Assume that I have a print service ticket and session key. The client program uses the session key to build an authenticator, then sends the authenticator and ticket to essaytyper.com the supposed print server. Series Paper 98? The client DOES NOT send the resume yet; it waits for deutsch a response from the service. The real service receives the ticket and authenticator, decrypts the ticket and extracts the session key, then uses the session key to decrypt the authenticator. This done, the service runs all the appropriate authentication tests. Assume the tests confirm my identity. Now the server prepares a reply packet so that it can prove its identity to excellent skills the client program.
It uses its copy of the session key to encrypt the reply packet, then sends the packet to the waiting client. The client receives the packet and attempts to decrypt it with my copy of the session key. If the packet decrypts properly and yields the correct server response message, my client program knows that the server that encrypted the packet is the real server. Now the client sends the essaytyper.com deutsch resume job to the print service. Suppose my boss screwed around the system so that his print server poses as the one I want. My client sends the authenticator and ticket to the print service and waits for a response. The fake print service cannot generate the correct response because it cannot decrypt the ticket and get the session key.
My client will not send the job unless it receives the correct response. Essay Examples? Eventually the client gives up waiting and exits. My print job does not get completed, but at deutsch, least my resume did not end up on the desk of the enemy. You know, I think we have a solid basis on academic goals, which to deutsch implement the Charon Authentication System. The dialogue was written in 1988 to help its readers understand the essay fundamental reasons for essaytyper.com deutsch why the Kerberos V4 protocol was the way it was. Over the years, it has served this job very well. When I converted this document to HTML, I was amazed how much of this document was still applicable for the Kerberos V5 protocol. Although many things were changed, the basic core ideas of the protocol have remained the same. Indeed, there are only two changes where Kerberos V5 differs from description of the Kerberos protocol in letter, this dialoge. The first change was born out of the recognition that using a small five minute time skew wasn't necessarily sufficient to essaytyper.com deutsch prevent replay attacks from an attacker who used a program to computer skills cover automatically grab the ticket and the authenticator as they traversed the network, and then immediately resent them to launch a replay attack. In Kerberos V5, authenticators are made to be truly once-only by having servers which accept tickets to have a replay cache which keeps note of authenticators have been presented to essaytyper.com deutsch the server recently.
If an attacker tries to snatch an authenticator and reuse it, even during the five-minute acceptance window, the replay cache will be able to determine that the authenticator has already been presented to excellent skills letter the server. The second major change to essaytyper.com deutsch the protocol is that the ticket is no longer encrypted in the user's password when it is sent from the Kerberos server to help in writing term kinit during the deutsch initial ticket exchange. The ticket is already encrypted in the ticket granting server's secret key; furthermore when it is actually used to obtain other tickets, it gets sent in the network in the clear anyway. Hence, there is help in writing term no reason why the ticket should be encrypted again in the user's password. Essaytyper.com? (The rest of the Kerberos server's reply to the user, containing for example the user's copy of the ticket session key, is still encrypted in the user's password, of course.) A similar change was also made to the ticket granting service (TGS) protocol; tickets returned by TGS are also no longer encrypted by the ticket-granting ticket's service key, since application tickets are already encrypted by the application server's secret key.
So for example, the packet that in Kerberos V4 which would have looked like this: where K_Y is read X encrypted using key K_Y and In Kerberos V5, the KDC_REPLY now would look like this: Of course, there are many new features in police series paper, Kerberos V5 as well. Users can now securely forward their tickets so that they can be used at essaytyper.com deutsch, another network location; in addition, users may also delagate a subset of their authorization rights to a server, so that the server can act as a proxy on behalf of a user. Other new features include the ability to replace DES with a more secure cryptographic algorithm, such as triple-DES. Readers who are interested in excellent computer cover, more of the changes between Kerberos V4 and V5 are invited to read The Evolution of the Kerberos Authentication System, which was authored by essaytyper.com, Cliff Neumann and Theodore Ts'o.
I hope you've enjoyed this quick little introduction to the Kerberos protocol. I wish you well in your futher explorations!